Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents

 
 
Wiley (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. November 2018
  • |
  • 520 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-96278-7 (ISBN)
 
An introductory text on the investigation of industrial accidents Forensic engineering should be seen as a rigorous approach to the discovery of root causes that lead to an accident or near-miss. The approach should be suitable to identify both the immediate causes as well as the underlying factors that affected, amplified, or modified the events in terms of consequences, evolution, dynamics, etc., as well as the contribution of an eventual "human error". This book is a concise and introductory volume to the forensic engineering discipline which helps the reader to recognize the link among those important, very specialized aspects of the same problem in the global strategy of learning from accidents (or near-misses). The reader will benefit from a single point of access to this very large, technical literature that can be only correctly understood with the right terms, definitions, and links in mind. Keywords: * Presents simple (real) cases, as well as giving an overview of more complex ones, each of them investigated within the same framework; * Gives the readers the bibliography to access more in-depth specific aspects; * Offers an overview of the most commonly used methodologies and techniques to investigate accidents, including the evidence that should be collected to define the cause, dynamics and responsibilities of an industrial accident, as well as the most appropriate methods to collect and preserve the evidence through an appropriate chain of security. Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in forensic engineering, as well as graduate students in forensic engineering departments and other professionals.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Reflowable
  • 22,81 MB
978-1-118-96278-7 (9781118962787)

weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Foreword by Giomi
  • Foreword by Chiaia
  • Foreword by Tee
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgement
  • List of Acronyms
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Who Should Read This Book?
  • 1.2 Going Beyond the Widget!
  • 1.3 Forensic Engineering as a Discipline
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 2 Industrial Accidents
  • 2.1 Accidents
  • 2.1.1 Principles of Combustion
  • 2.1.1.1 Flammable Gases and Vapors
  • 2.1.1.2 Flammable Liquids
  • 2.1.1.3 The Ignition
  • 2.1.2 Fires
  • 2.1.3 Explosions
  • 2.1.4 Incidental Scenarios
  • 2.2 Near Misses
  • 2.3 Process Safety
  • 2.3.1 Management of Safety
  • 2.4 The Importance of Accidents
  • 2.4.1 Seveso disaster
  • 2.4.2 Bhopal Disaster
  • 2.4.3 Flixborough Disaster
  • 2.4.4 Deepwater Horizon Drilling Rig Explosion
  • 2.4.5 San Juanico Disaster
  • 2.4.6 Buncefield Disaster
  • 2.5 Performance Indicators
  • 2.6 The Role of 'Uncertainty' and 'Risk'
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 3 What is Accident Investigation? What is Forensic Engineering? What is Risk Assessment? Who is the Forensic Engineer and what is his Role?
  • 3.1 Investigation
  • 3.2 Forensic Engineering
  • 3.3 Legal Aspects
  • 3.4 Ethic Issues
  • 3.5 Insurance Aspects
  • 3.6 Accident Prevention and Risk Assessment
  • 3.6.1 "What-if" Analysis
  • 3.6.2 Hazard and Operability Analysis (HAZOP) & Hazard Identification (HAZID)
  • 3.6.3 Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
  • 3.7 Technical Standards
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 4 The Forensic Engineering Workflow
  • 4.1 The Workflow
  • 4.2 Team and Planning
  • 4.3 Preliminary and Onsite Investigation (Collecting the Evidence)
  • 4.3.1 Sampling
  • 4.3.1.1 Selection of the Sample
  • 4.3.1.2 Collection of the Sample
  • 4.3.1.3 Packaging of the Sample
  • 4.3.1.4 Sealing the Packaging
  • 4.4 Sources and Type of Evidence to be Considered
  • 4.4.1 People
  • 4.4.1.1 Conducting the Interview
  • 4.4.2 Paper Documentation
  • 4.4.3 Digital Documentation and Electronic Data
  • 4.4.3.1 An Example About the Value of Digital Evidence
  • 4.4.4 Physical Evidence
  • 4.4.5 Position Data
  • 4.4.6 Photographs
  • 4.4.6.1 The Collection of the Photographs
  • 4.4.6.2 Photograph Cataloguing
  • 4.5 Recognise the Evidence
  • 4.5.1 Short Case Studies
  • 4.5.1.1 Explosion of Flour at the Mill of Cordero in Fossano
  • 4.5.1.2 Explosion at the Pettinatura Italiana Plant
  • 4.5.1.3 Explosion of the Boiler of the SISAS Plant of Pioltello
  • 4.5.1.4 Explosion of the Steam Generator of the Plant Enichem Synthesis at Villadossola
  • 4.5.1.5 Aluminium Dust Explosion at Nicomax in Verbania
  • 4.6 Organize the Evidence
  • 4.7 Conducting the Investigation and the Analysis
  • 4.7.1 Method of the Conic Spiral
  • 4.7.2 Evidence Analysis
  • 4.8 Reporting and Communication
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 5 Investigation Methods
  • 5.1 Causes and Causal Mechanism Analysis
  • 5.2 Time and Events Sequence
  • 5.2.1 STEP Method
  • 5.3 Human Factor
  • 5.3.1 Human Error
  • 5.3.2 Analysis of Operative Instructions and Working Procedures
  • 5.4 Methods
  • 5.4.1 Expert Judgment and Brainstorming
  • 5.4.2 Structured Methods and Approaches
  • 5.4.2.1 Pre-structured Methods
  • 5.4.2.2 Barrier-based Systematic Cause Analysis Technique (BSCATTM)
  • 5.4.2.3 Tripod Beta
  • 5.4.2.4 Barrier Failure Analysis (BFA)
  • 5.4.2.5 Root Cause Analysis (RCA)
  • 5.4.2.6 QRA derived tools
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 6 Derive Lessons
  • 6.1 Pre and Post Accident Management
  • 6.2 Develop Recommendations
  • 6.2.1 An Application of Risk Analysis to Choose the Best Corrective Measure
  • 6.3 Communication
  • 6.4 Safety (and Risk) Management and Training
  • 6.5 Organization Systems and Safety Culture
  • 6.6 Behavior-based Safety (BBS)
  • 6.7 Understanding Near-misses and Treat Them
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • Chapter 7 Case Studies
  • 7.1 Jet Fire at a Steel Plant
  • 7.1.1 Introduction
  • 7.1.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.1.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.1.4 Findings
  • 7.1.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.1.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.1.7 References and Further Readings
  • References
  • Further readings
  • 7.2 Fire on Board a Ferryboat
  • 7.2.1 Introduction
  • 7.2.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.2.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.2.4 Findings
  • 7.2.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.2.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.2.6.1 The Discharge Activity and the Evidence Collection
  • 7.2.6.2 Use of and Issues Regarding Digital Evidences
  • 7.2.6.3 Expected Performances of the Installed Digital Memories
  • 7.2.6.4 The VDR (Voyage Data Recorder) System
  • 7.2.6.5 Data Extraction from the "Black Box" (i.e.: FRM Module)
  • 7.2.6.6 Analysis and Use of Extracted Data
  • 7.2.6.7 Documentation Analysis of the Fire Detection System
  • 7.2.7 References and Further Readings
  • References
  • Further Readings
  • 7.3 LOPC of Toxic Substance at a Chemical Plant
  • 7.3.1 Introduction
  • 7.3.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.3.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.3.4 Findings
  • 7.3.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.3.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.4 Refinery's Pipeway Fire
  • 7.4.1 Introduction
  • 7.4.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.4.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.4.4 Findings
  • 7.4.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.4.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.4.7 References and Further Readings
  • References
  • Further Readings
  • 7.5 Flash Fire at a Lime Furnace Fuel Storage Silo
  • 7.5.1 Introduction
  • 7.5.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.5.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.5.4 Findings
  • 7.5.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.5.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.5.7 Further Readings
  • Further readings
  • 7.6 Explosion of a Rotisserie Van Oven Fueled by an LPG System
  • 7.6.1 Introduction
  • 7.6.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.6.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.6.4 Findings
  • 7.6.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.6.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.6.7 Further Readings
  • Further Readings
  • 7.7 Fragment Projection Inside a Congested Process Area
  • 7.7.1 Introduction
  • 7.7.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.7.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.7.4 Findings
  • 7.7.4.1 Collection of Evidences and Data
  • 7.7.4.2 Initial Plate Velocity and Box Deformation
  • 7.7.4.3 Development of a Piping Damage Criteria
  • 7.7.4.4 Evaluation of Damages
  • 7.7.4.5 Results for Impacts for Some Pipes
  • 7.7.4.6 FI-BLAST© Adaptation to Perform a Parametric Study
  • 7.7.4.7 Results of the Parametric Study
  • 7.7.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.7.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.7.7 References and Further Readings
  • Reference
  • Further Readings
  • 7.8 Refinery Process Unit Fire
  • 7.8.1 Introduction
  • 7.8.2 How it Happened (Incident Dynamics)
  • 7.8.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.8.4 Findings
  • 7.8.4.1 Examination of the Effects of the Fire
  • 7.8.4.2 Water and Foam Consumption
  • 7.8.4.3 Damages
  • 7.8.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.8.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.8.7 References and Further Readings
  • Reference
  • Further readings
  • 7.9 Crack in an Oil Pipeline
  • 7.9.1 Introduction
  • 7.9.2 How it Happened (Accident Dynamics)
  • 7.9.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.9.4 Experimental Campaign on the Pipeline Segment
  • 7.9.5 Findings
  • 7.9.6 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.9.7 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.9.8 References and Further Readings
  • References
  • Further Reading
  • 7.10 Storage Building on Fire
  • 7.10.1 Introduction
  • 7.10.2 How it Happened (Accident Dynamics)
  • 7.10.3 Why it Happened
  • 7.10.4 Findings
  • 7.10.5 Lessons Learned and Recommendations
  • 7.10.6 Forensic Engineering Highlights
  • 7.10.7 Further Readings
  • Further Readings
  • Chapter 8 Conclusions and Recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 9 A Look Into the Future
  • References
  • Appendix A Principles on Probability
  • A.1 Basic Notions on Probability
  • Index
  • EULA

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