Winning the War on Poverty: Applying the Lessons of History to the Present

Praeger (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 12. April 2018
  • |
  • 236 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4408-3282-6 (ISBN)
American history is replete with efforts to alleviate poverty. While some efforts have resulted in at least partial success, others have not, because poverty is a multifaceted, complicated phenomenon with no simple solution. Winning the War on Poverty studies the history of poverty relief efforts in the United States dating to the nineteenth century, debunking misperceptions about the poor and tackling the problem of the ever-widening gap between the rich and poor. It highlights the ideological differences between liberal and conservative beliefs and includes insights drawn from a well-rounded group of disciplines including political science, history, sociology, economics, and public health. Premised on the idea that only the lessons of history can help policymakers to recognize that the United States has a persistent poverty problem that is much worse than it is in many other democracies, the book suggests an 18-point plan to substantively address this dilemma. Its vision for reform does not pander to any particular ideology or political party; rather, the objective of this book is to explain how the United States can win the war on poverty in the short term.
  • Englisch
  • Santa Barbara
  • |
  • USA
978-1-4408-3282-6 (9781440832826)
1-4408-3282-X (144083282X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. What Is Poverty, and How Is It Measured?
  • Mollie Orshansky (1915-2006)
  • The Orshansky Poverty Thresholds
  • The Context of Poverty in the United States
  • Measuring Poverty in the United States
  • New (But Old) Measure of Poverty in the United States along with the Orshansky Index
  • Notes
  • Chapter 2. Historical Overview of Poverty-Relief Efforts in the United States
  • The Evolution of Social Welfare in the United States
  • Post-1850 United States
  • The Progressive Era
  • Beyond the Progressive Era
  • The New Deal Era
  • The Social Security Act of 1935
  • The Great Society Era
  • Bill Clinton and George W. Bush Era
  • Barack Obama Era
  • The Lessons of History
  • Notes
  • Chapter 3. The Widening Gap between Rich and Poor in the United States
  • Aggregate Income in the United States Today
  • The Challenge of Income Inequality in the United States
  • Income Inequality and Poverty
  • Notes
  • Chapter 4. Liberal versus Conservative Beliefs about Poverty in an Individualist Capitalist System
  • Individualism in the Modern Era
  • The Libertarian Philosophy
  • Friedrich Hayek (1899-1992)
  • Leo Strauss (1899-1973)
  • Milton Friedman (1912-2006)
  • The Communitarian Philosophy
  • Contemporary Individualism and the Republican Party
  • Notes
  • Chapter 5. The Path to Welfare Reform: An 18-Point Plan
  • The Goal of Winning the War on Poverty
  • A Vision for Winning the War on Poverty
  • Winning the War on Poverty in a Generation or Two
  • Point 1: U.S. Officials Should Routinely Use Two Measures of Poverty
  • Point 2: One-Stop Community Centers to Assist the Impoverished
  • Point 3: Universal Health Insurance Coverage
  • Point 4: Maintain Progressive Tax Structure and Eliminate Some Deductions
  • Point 5: Enhanced Educational Opportunities
  • Point 6: Reinvigorate the Social Safety Net (Especially SNAP) and Repeal TANF
  • Point 7: Invest in New Meaningful Infrastructure Jobs
  • Point 8: E Pluribus Unum-Embrace the Communitarian Philosophy
  • Point 9: Enhance the Culture of Citizenship and Individual Responsibility
  • Point 10: Decent and Affordable Housing for All Citizens
  • Point 11: Raise the Federal Minimum Wage and Index It for Inflation
  • Point 12: Address the Challenge of Climate Change
  • Point 13: Reform the Machinery of Voting
  • Point 14: Public Financing of All Federal Campaigns
  • Point 15: Revitalize Political Parties and Labor Unions
  • Point 16: Reject the Doctrine of States' Rights and Revitalize the Spirit of Cooperative Federalism
  • Point 17: Use Science and Data Analysis to Make Informed Judgments about the Impoverished
  • Point 18: Do Right by Children at All Times
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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