The first novel of English magistrate Henry Fielding, "Joseph Andrews" was written in 1742 as a complete extension of the author's pamphlet "Shamela". The latter contains an impressively coarse parody of "Pamela", the Samuel Richardson novel that rewards a servant girl with marriage for protecting her virtue. Shamela, however, utilizes a coy and artificial modesty to procure for herself a husband of wealth. Fielding went on to write "Joseph Andrews", a work relating the adventures of a footboy after he is dismissed from his employment. He rejects the advances of the lady of the house, and his life after losing his position begins a journey filled with crime, poverty, and varying types of maliciousness, as well as uplifting comedy and love in many forms. This experimental novel, however, grows out of its original parody, for it objects as much to the mechanics as of the limited ideas of the literature of its day. "Joseph Andrews" not only reveals the corruption of Fielding's contemporary society, but it does so in a prose fiction that is as sophisticated as it is satirical.
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- JOSEPH ANDREWS
- Book I.
- Chapter I. Of writing lives in general, and particularly of Pamela
- with a word by the bye of Colley Cibber and others.
- Chapter II. Of Mr. Joseph Andrews, his birth, parentage, education, and great endowments
- with a word or two concerning ancestors.
- Chapter III. Of Mr. Abraham Adams the curate, Mrs. Slipslop the chambermaid, and others.
- Chapter IV. What happened after their journey to London.
- Chapter V. The death of Sir Thomas Booby, with the affectionate and mournful behaviour of his widow, and the great purity of Joseph Andrews.
- Chapter VI. How Joseph Andrews writ a letter to his sister Pamela.
- Chapter VII. Sayings of wise men. A dialogue between the lady and her maid
- and a panegyric, or rather satire, on the passion of love, in the sublime style.
- Chapter VIII. In which, after some very fine writing, the history goes on, and relates the interview between the lady and Joseph
- where the latter hath set an example which we despair of seeing followed by his sex in this vicious age.
- Chapter IX. What passed between the lady and Mrs. Slipslop
- in which we prophesy there are some strokes which every one will not truly comprehend at the first reading.
- Chapter X. Joseph writes another letter: his transactions with Mr. Peter Pounce, &c., with his departure from Lady Booby.
- Chapter XI. Of several new matters not expected.
- Chapter XII. Containing many surprizing adventures which Joseph Andrews met with on the road, scarce credible to those who have never travelled in a stage-coach.
- Chapter XIII. What happened to Joseph during his sickness at the inn, with the curious discourse between him and Mr. Barnabas, the parson of the parish.
- Chapter XIV. Being very full of adventures which succeeded each other at the inn.
- Chapter XV. Showing how Mrs. Tow-wouse was a little mollified
- and how officious Mr. Barnabas and the surgeon were to prosecute the thief: with a dissertation accounting for their zeal, and that of many other persons not mentioned in this history.
- Chapter XVI. The Escape of the Thief. Mr. Adams's Disappointment. The Arrival of two very extraordinary Personages, and the Introduction of Parson Adams to Parson Barnabas.
- Chapter XVII. A pleasant discourse between the two parsons and the bookseller, which was broke off by an unlucky accident happening in the inn, which produced a dialogue between Mrs. Tow-wouse and her maid of no gentle kind.
- Chapter XVIII. The history of Betty the chambermaid, and an account of what occasioned the violent scene in the preceding chapter.
- Book II.
- Chapter I. Of Divisions in Authors.
- Chapter II. A surprizing instance of Mr. Adams's short memory, with the unfortunate consequences which it brought on Joseph.
- Chapter III. The opinion of two lawyers concerning the same gentleman, with Mr. Adams's inquiry into the religion of his host.
- Chapter IV. The history of Leonora, or the unfortunate jilt.
- Chapter V. A dreadful quarrel which happened at the Inn where the company dined, with its bloody consequences to Mr. Adams.
- Chapter VI. Conclusion of the unfortunate jilt.
- Chapter VII. A very short chapter, in which parson Adams went a great way.
- Chapter VIII. A notable dissertation by Mr. Abraham Adams
- wherein that gentleman appears in a political light.
- Chapter IX. In which the gentleman descants on bravery and heroic virtue, till an unlucky accident puts an end to the discourse.
- Chapter X. Giving an account of the strange catastrophe of the preceding adventure, which drew poor Adams into fresh calamities
- and who the woman was who owed the preservation of her chastity to his victorious arm.
- Chapter XI. What happened to them while before the justice. A chapter very full of learning.
- Chapter XII. A very delightful adventure, as well to the persons concerned as to the good-natured reader.
- Chapter XIII. A dissertation concerning high people and low people, with Mrs. Slipslop's departure in no very good temper of mind, and the evil plight in which she left Adams and his company.
- Chapter XIV. An interview between parson Adams and parson Trulliber.
- Chapter XV. An adventure, the consequence of a new instance which parson Adams gave of his forgetfulness.
- Chapter XVI. A very curious adventure, in which Mr. Adams gave a much greater instance of the honest simplicity of his heart, than of his experience in the ways of this world.
- Chapter XVII. A dialogue between Mr. Abraham Adams and his host, which, by the disagreement in their opinions, seemed to threaten an unlucky catastrophe, had it not been timely prevented by the return of the lovers.
- Book III.
- Chapter I. Matter prefatory in praise of biography.
- Chapter II. A night scene, wherein several wonderful adventures befel Adams and his fellow-travellers.
- Chapter III. In which the gentleman relates the history of his life.
- Chapter IV. A description of Mr. Wilson's way of living. The tragical adventure of the dog, and other grave matters.
- Chapter V. A disputation on schools held on the road between Mr. Abraham Adams and Joseph
- and a discovery not unwelcome to them both.
- Chapter VI. Moral reflections by Joseph Andrews
- with the hunting adventure, and parson Adams's miraculous escape.
- Chapter VII. A scene of roasting, very nicely adapted to the present taste and times.
- Chapter VIII. Which some readers will think too short and others too long.
- Chapter IX. Containing as surprizing and bloody adventures as can be found in this or perhaps any other authentic history.
- Chapter X. A discourse between the poet and the player
- of no other use in this history but to divert the reader.
- Chapter XI. Containing the exhortations of parson Adams to his friend in affliction
- calculated for the instruction and improvement of the reader.
- Chapter XII. More adventures, which we hope will as much please as surprize the reader.
- Chapter XIII. A curious dialogue which passed between Mr. Abraham Adams and Mr. Peter Pounce, better worth reading than all the works of Colley Cibber and many others.
- Book IV.
- Chapter I. The arrival of Lady Booby and the rest at Booby-hall.
- Chapter II. A dialogue between Mr. Abraham Adams and the Lady Booby.
- Chapter III. What passed between the lady and lawyer Scout.
- Chapter IV. A short chapter, but very full of matter
- particularly the arrival of Mr. Booby and his lady.
- Chapter V. Containing justice business
- curious precedents of depositions, and other matters necessary to be perused by all justices of the peace and their clerks.
- Chapter VI. Of which you are desired to read no more than you like.
- Chapter VII. Philosophical reflections, the like not to be found in any light French romance. Mr. Booby's grave advice to Joseph, and Fanny's encounter with a beau.
- Chapter VIII. A discourse which happened between Mr. Adams, Mrs. Adams, Joseph, and Fanny
- with some behaviour of Mr. Adams which will be called by some few readers very low, absurd, and unnatural.
- Chapter IX. A visit which the polite Lady Booby and her polite friend paid to the parson.
- Chapter X. The history of two friends, which may afford an useful lesson to all those persons who happen to take up their residence in married families.
- Chapter XI. In which the history is continued.
- Chapter XII. Where the good-natured reader will see something which will give him no great pleasure.
- Chapter XIII. The history, returning to the Lady Booby, gives some account of the terrible conflict in her breast between love and pride
- with what happened on the present discovery.
- Chapter XIV. Containing several curious night-adventures, in which Mr. Adams fell into many hair-breadth 'scapes, partly owing to his goodness, and partly to his inadvertency.
- Chapter XV. The arrival of Gaffar and Gammar Andrews, with another person not much expected
- and a perfect solution of the difficulties raised by the pedlar.
- Chapter XVI. Being the last in which this true history is brought to a happy conclusion.
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