Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1972), the immensely influential German philosopher of the 19th century, wrote his most important work "The Essence of Christianity" in 1841. Combined with his numerous other writings, "The Essence of Christianity" contributed to the development of dialectical materialism. Feuerbach is often considered the philosopher who bridged Hegel and Marx. Here is his sharp criticism of Christianity. A staunch atheist, Feuerbach argues that Christianity has wrongfully "projected" and "displaced" elements of the human mind onto nonexistent supernatural, religious objects. This displacement, he argues, fundamentally alters notions of consciousness. Feuerbach works his way through his tractate via the skepticism established by Hegel and Spinoza, among others. Like Nietzsche, Feuerbach made the claim that Christianity need be deconstructed and repudiated for true civil progress to occur. "The Essence of Christianity" shows Feuerbach in full force as an influential member of a new breed of German philosophers. This text, and this author, occupies a significant place in the history of modern philosophy.
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- Title page
- PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
- THE ESSENCE OF CHRISTIANITY.
- CHAPTER I. Introduction.
- PART I. THE TRUE OR ANTHROPOLOGICAL ESSENCE OF RELIGION.
- CHAPTER II. God as a Being of the Understanding.
- CHAPTER III. God as a Moral Being, Or Law.
- CHAPTER IV. The Mystery Of The Incarnation
- Or, God As Love, As A Being Of The Heart.
- CHAPTER V. The Mystery of the Suffering God.
- CHAPTER VI. The Mystery of the Trinity and the Mother of God.
- CHAPTER VII. The Mystery of the Logos and Divine Image.
- CHAPTER VIII. The Mystery of the Cosmogonical Principle in God.
- CHAPTER IX. The Mystery of Mysticism or of Nature in God.
- CHAPTER X. The Mystery of Providence, and Creation Out of Nothing.
- CHAPTER XI. The Significance of the Creation in Judaism.
- CHAPTER XII. The Omnipotence of Feeling, Or the Mystery of Prayer.
- CHAPTER XIII. The Mystery of Faith?-â??The Mystery of Miracle.
- CHAPTER XIV. The Mystery of the Resurrection and Of The Miraculous Conception.
- CHAPTER XV. The Mystery of the Christian Christ, Or the Personal God.
- CHAPTER XVI. The Distinction between Christianity and Heathenism.
- CHAPTER XVII. The Christian Significance of Voluntary Celibacy and Monachism.
- CHAPTER XVIII. The Christian Heaven or Personal Immortality.
- PART II. THE FALSE OR THEOLOGICAL ESSENCE OF RELIGION.
- CHAPTER XIX. The Essential Stand-Point of Religion.
- CHAPTER XX. The Contradiction in the Existence of God.
- CHAPTER XXI. The Contradiction in the Revelation of God.
- CHAPTER XXII. The Contradiction in the Nature of God in General.
- CHAPTER XXIII. The Contradiction in the Speculative Doctrine of God.
- CHAPTER XXIV. The Contradiction in the Trinity.
- CHAPTER XXV. The Contradiction in the Sacraments.
- CHAPTER XXVI. The Contradiction of Faith and Love.
- CHAPTER XXVII. Concluding Application.
- APPENDIX. EXPLANATIONS-REMARKS-ILLUSTRATIVE CITATIONS.
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