Abstract Objects

For and Against
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 8. Mai 2020
  • |
  • XXII, 356 Seiten
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978-3-030-38242-1 (ISBN)
This volume examines the question "Do abstract objects exist?", presenting new work from contributing authors across different branches of philosophy. The introduction overviews philosophical debate which considers: what objects qualify as abstract, what do we mean by the word "exist" and indeed, what evidence should count in favor or against the thesis that abstract objects exist. Through subsequent chapters readers will discover the ubiquity of abstract objects as each philosophical field is considered.
Given the ubiquitous use of expressions that purportedly refer to abstract objects, we think that it is relevant to attend to the controversy between those who want to advocate the existence of abstract objects and those who stand against them. Contributions to this volume depict positions and debates that directly or indirectly involve taking one position or other about abstract objects of different kinds and categories. The volume provides a variety of samples of how positions for or against abstract objects can be used in different areas of philosophy in relation to different matters.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

José L. Falguera was born in Vigo (Spain). He received a Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1992 from the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (with a thesis entitled: Problemas ontosemánticos de los términos teóricos conforme a la concepción estructuralista (Ontosemantic problems of scientific terms from the point of view of the structuralist approach), supervised by Prof. Dr. C. Ulises Moulines.

He is currently Associate Professor of Logic and Philosophy of Science at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). His main research interests have to do with the ontosemantics of scientific expressions, scientific models, epistemic problems of natural science, philosophy of perception, and abstract objects.

He is author (with C. Martínez-Vidal) of the book entitled: Lógica Clásica de Primer Orden, Trotta, Madrid, 1999. He has also published several articles in different journals and compilations. Some of them are: (with Donato-Rodríguez, X.) "On Fictions, Theoretical Entities, and Ideal Objects: Applying Zalta's Abstract Objects Theory to Scientific Theories", in: Borbone, G. & Brzechczyn, K. (eds.) Idealization XIV: Models in Science, Edition: (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, 108), pp., 14-42."Incommensurability, Comparability, and Non-reductive Ontological Relations", in: Journal for General Philosophy of Science (2015), DOI: 10.1007/s10838-014-9275-3; (with Peleteiro, S.) "Experiencia perceptual y sustento epistémico", en: Revista de Filosofía (2014), 39(2): 7-32, and "The approximate representational character of Perceptual Experiences"; "Comparación epistémica de teorías inconmensurables, sin fundamentismo", in: Lorenzano, P. & Nudler, O. (eds.) (2012) El camino desde Kuhn: La inconmensurabilidad hoy. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, pp. 119 170; "De lo que tratan en común teorías inconmensurables", in: Peris-Viñe, L. M. (ed.) (2012) Filosofía de la Ciencia en Iberoamérica: Metateoría Estructural. Madrid: Técnos, pp. 448-468; "Representaciones no-conceptuales y lo dado: revisando a Fodor", in: Miguens, S., Pinto, J. A. & Teles, M. (eds.) (2011) Aspectos do Juízo Aspects of Judgement. Porto: Porto, pp. 107-134; "Consideraciones de índole ontoepistemosemántica", Metatheoria (2011), 1, pp. 39 63; "Foundherentist Philosophy of Science", in: Ernst, G. Nieberhall, K. G. (eds.) (2006) Philosophie der Wissenschaft -Wissenschaft der Philosophie. Festschrift für C. Ulises Moulines zum 60, Mentis: Geburstag-Paderborn, pp. 67-86; "Las revoluciones científicas y el problema de la inconmensurabilidad", in: González, W. (ed.) (2004) Análisis de Thomas Kuhn. Madrid: Trotta, pp. 177-223; "Ontosemantic divergence and comparability of theories", Logica Trianguli, 3: 33-53; "Representational semantics for scientific theories", in: Martínez-Vidal, Rivas, U. & Villegas-Forero, L. (eds.) (1998) Truth in Perspective: Recent Issues in Logic, Representation and Ontology. Brookfield: Aldershot, pp. 379-397; "A basis for a formal semantics of linguistic formulations of science", in: Ibarra, A. Mormann, T. (eds.) (1997) Representations of scientific rationality. Contemporary formal philosophy of science in Spain, Amsterdam/Atlanta: Rodopi, pp. 255-276. He has edited compilations and monographs with several colleagues: Díez, J.; Lorenzano, P.; Martínez-Vidal, C., Rivas, U., and Sagüillo, J. M.

He has also organized several conferences and workshops in cooperation with other members of the EPISTEME research group, Univ. de Santiago de Compostela. Besides, he was Chair of the Department of Logic and Moral Philosophy between 2013-february and 2016-june and he is currently the Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Anthropology since 2016-october of that University.

His research interests are related to: general philosophy of science, ontosemantics, epistemology, theoretical terms, scientific models, scientific laws, abstract artifacts, formal and informal logic.

Concha Martínez-Vidal is Associate Professor at the University of Santiago de Compostela. She graduated at the University of Santiago de Compostela in 1985 and got her PhD at the University of Valencia under the supervision of Rafael Beneyto. The title of her PhD was "De la teoría del significado en Prawitz a la búsqueda inteligente de pruebas: una aplicación del teorema de inversión a la inteligencia artificial" (From Prawitzs Theory of Meaning to searching proofs in an intelligent way: From the Inversion Theorem to Artificial Intelligence . During her doctorate student period, she worked for several months with Dag Prawitz in Stockholm.

She has taught different subjects related to logic and analytic philosophy. Among her publications she has a manual for teaching logic entitled "Logica Clásica de Primer Orden: Estrategias de deducción, formalización y evaluación semántica" (Trotta 1999, with J.L. Falguera). She has also published various papers and book-chapters. Among them: Is Second-Order Logic Logic? (The Logica Yearbook 1999), El estatuto epistemológico de la Lógica: verdad y necesidad (Técnos 2007 Filosofía de la Lógica), Normativity and its Vindication: The Case of Logic (Theoria 2004), Is Logic Objective? (Cadernos de Filosofía, Lisboa), "Leon Henkin the Reviewer"(with José Pedro Úbeda Rives in Manzano, M.; Sain, I; Alonso, E (Eds.) The Life and Work of Leon Henkin. Essays on His Contributions (Springer 2014). Etc.

She has edited several volumes such as : Truth in perspective (Ashgate 1996, with Villegas & Monroy), Following Putnams Trail: On Realism and Other Issues (Rodopi 2004 with Silva & Monroy), Current Topics in logic and Analytic Philosophy (Servicio Publicaciones USC 2007, with Falguera & Sagüillo). She has participated and conducted several research projects. She is currently main researcher of the project "The explanatory function of Abstract Objects: Nature and Cognoscibility).

She has also organized many conferences and workshops in cooperation with other members of the group EPISTEME. The last one was the VII Conference of the Spanish Society for Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (Santiago de Compostela, July 18-20, 2012). In that conference, she was appointed as President of the Spanish Society for Logic, Methodology and Philosohy of Science in Spain. She has also been Chair of the Department of Logic and Moral Philosophy, and a member of different Scientific Committees for various conferences.

Her research interests are related to the philosophy of logic and mathematics. In particular issues such as the problem of the justification of logic, the role of intuition in mathematics, indispensability arguments in different versions, and the metaphysics of numbers as abstract objects.

PrefaceJosé L. Falguera and Concha Martinez-Vidal
1. Introduction: Recent disputes on the existence on abstract objects: an overviewMatteo Plebani Part I. Enhanced Indispensability and Type Theories2. Purely Physical Explananda: Bistability in PerceptionSam Baron
3. Description, Explanation and Ontological CommitmentConcha Martinez-Vidal and Navia Rivas-de-Castro
4. Typed Object TheoryEdward Zalta Part II. Fictionalism or Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics5. Contingent Abstract ObjectsOtávio Bueno
6. Is There a Fact of the Matter about the Existence of Abstract Objects?Mary Leng Part III. Fictionalism or Realism in Philosophy of Empirical Sciences7. An ensemble-plus-standing-for account of scientific representation: no need for (unnecessary) abstract objectsJosé A. Diez
8. The Nature of Scientific Models: Abstract Artifacts that Determine Fictional SystemsXavier de Donato-Rodriguez and José L. Falguera
9. The Scope and Power of Abstraction in ScienceStathis Psillos
10. Models and DenotationFiora Salis, Roman Frigg, and James Nguyen Part IV. Fictionalism or Realism in Philosophy of Language11. Fictional Co-identification: The Explanatory Lightweight of RealismManuel Garcia-Carpintero
12. What is the difference between Hamlet and me? Fiction, metaphysics and the nature of our moral thinkingSofía Miguens
13. Abstract Objects and the Core-Periphery Distinction in the Ontological and Conceptual Domain of Natural LanguageFriederike Moltmann
14. How to Vindicate (Fictional) CreationismAlberto Voltolini Part V. Fictionalism or Realism in Moral Philosophy and Philosophy of Arts15. Moral Folkism and the Deflation of (Lots of) Normative and MetaethicsMark Balaguer
16. Methodology in the ontology of artworks: exploring hermeneutic fictionalismElisa Caldarolo
17. A Realist-Friendly Argument for Moral Fictionalism: Perhaps You'd Better Not Believe ItChristopher Jay

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