Advances in Motivation Science

 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. März 2016
  • |
  • 264 Seiten
 
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978-0-12-805119-1 (ISBN)
 

Advances in Motivation Science, Elsevier's brand new serial on the topic of motivation science, is a timely serial on an area of study that has not only been a mainstay of the science of psychology, but also a major influence in early dynamic and Gestalt models of the mind and fundamental to behaviorist theories of learning and action.

The advent of the cognitive revolution in the 1960 and 70s eclipsed the emphasis on motivation to a large extent, but in the past two decades motivation has returned en force. Today, motivational analyses of affect, cognition, and behavior are ubiquitous across psychological literatures and disciplines. In essence, motivation is not just a 'hot topic" on the contemporary scene, but is firmly entrenched as a foundational issue in scientific psychology. This volume brings together internationally recognized experts focusing on cutting-edge theoretical and empirical contributions in this important area of psychology.


  • Presents the premier volume of Elsevier's brand new serial on the field of motivation science and research
  • Provides a timely overview of important research programs conducted by the most respected scholars in psychology
  • Contains special attention on directions for future research
2215-0919
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 4,11 MB
978-0-12-805119-1 (9780128051191)
0128051191 (0128051191)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Advances in Motivation Science
  • Advances in Motivation Science
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
  • One - The Psychology of Respect: A Case Study of How Behavioral Norms Regulate Human Action
  • 1. THE MYSTERY OF TRUST
  • 2. THE ROLE OF RESPECT
  • 2.1 Role in Trust Behavior
  • 2.2 Other Social Behaviors
  • 2.2.1 Conflict of Interest
  • 2.2.2 Reactions to Apologies
  • 3. BUT IS RESPECT DISRESPECTED?
  • 3.1 Interpersonal Confrontation
  • 3.2 Help-Seeking
  • 4. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ANATOMY OF RESPECT
  • 4.1 Preferences
  • 4.2 Want Versus Should
  • 4.3 Emotional Profile
  • 4.4 Managing Actions Versus Outcomes
  • 4.5 Approach Versus Avoidance
  • 4.6 Social Versus Moral Norm
  • 4.7 Summary
  • 5. ISSUES FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
  • 5.1 How Aware Are People of the Norm?
  • 5.2 Is There a Norm to Be Respectable?
  • 5.3 How Far Is the Reach of Underlying Mechanisms?
  • 5.4 What Are the Underlying Neural Mechanisms?
  • 5.5 What Are the Other Rules of Social Conduct?
  • 6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • REFERENCES
  • Two - Motivation in a Social Context: Coordinating Personal and Shared Goal Pursuits With Others
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. INDIVIDUALS PURSUING INDIVIDUAL GOALS
  • 2.1 Pursuing Goals With Information on Others
  • 2.1.1 Conformity
  • 2.1.2 Divergence
  • 2.1.3 Conforming to Preferences, Diverging From Actions
  • 2.1.4 Implications for Vicarious Satiation
  • 2.1.5 Implications for Influence of Role Models
  • 2.2 Pursuing Goals in the Presence of Others
  • 2.2.1 Shared Reality: Tuning to Others' Expectations
  • 2.2.2 Others Augment Perceived Impact of Actions
  • 2.2.3 Others Support Goal Pursuit
  • 3. INDIVIDUALS PURSUING GROUP GOALS
  • 3.1 Pursuing Goals for the Self and Others
  • 3.1.1 Interpersonal Closeness and Jointly Maximizing Choice
  • 3.1.2 Implications for Infringement of Intellectual Property
  • 3.2 Pursuing Goals With Others
  • 3.2.1 Inspiration Versus Loafing: A Matter of Self-construal
  • 3.2.2 Responding to Others' Completed and Missing Actions
  • 3.2.3 Motivation to Contribute: Express Support Versus Make a Difference
  • 4. CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Three - Embodying Approach Motivation: A Review of Recent Evidence*
  • 1. DEFINITIONS
  • 2. BODILY FEEDBACK THEORIES OF EMOTION
  • 3. PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS UNDERLYING BODILY FEEDBACK EFFECTS
  • 4. THE INFLUENCE OF PARTIAL BODY MOVEMENTS ON APPROACH MOTIVATION AND ASYMMETRIC FRONTAL CORTICAL ACTIVITY
  • 4.1 Overview of the Emotive Role of the Prefrontal Cortex
  • 4.2 Facial Expressions and Asymmetric Frontal Cortical Activity
  • 4.3 Unilateral Body Movements and Asymmetric Frontal Cortical Activity
  • 5. BODILY MANIPULATIONS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICES OF APPROACH MOTIVATION
  • 5.1 Influence of Whole Body Posture on Asymmetric Frontal Activity to Emotive Stimuli
  • 5.2 Whole Body Posture Influences Event-Related Potentials to Emotional Stimuli
  • 5.3 Startle Responses to Emotional Stimuli and Bodily Manipulations
  • 6. PARTIAL AND WHOLE BODY MANIPULATIONS INFLUENCE APPROACH EMOTIVE-COGNITIVE PROCESSES
  • 6.1 Breadth of Cognitive Scope
  • 6.2 Appetitive Behavior
  • 6.3 Cognitive Dissonance Reduction
  • 7. QUESTIONS, IMPLICATIONS, AND CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Four - Evolved Social Motives: When Knowing About the Past Provides a Window Onto the Present
  • 1. NATURE AND NURTURE: PROXIMATE AND ULTIMATE PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2. WHAT IS EVOLUTIONARY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY?
  • 3. THE EVOLUTIONARY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF MATING
  • 3.1 Sexual Motives and Attention to Possible Mates
  • 3.2 Motivated Inattention to Attractive Alternatives
  • 3.3 Female Fertility and Male Mating Motives
  • 3.4 Section Summary
  • 4. THE EVOLUTIONARY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF HIERARCHY
  • 4.1 Social Hierarchies in Evolutionary Perspective
  • 4.2 Dominance and Prestige: Distinct Motives for Social Hierarchy
  • 4.3 Tactics Dominant Leaders Use to Protect Their Power
  • 4.3.1 Demotion and Ostracism
  • 4.3.2 Vigilance and Control
  • 4.3.3 Preventing Subordinates from Bonding
  • 4.4 Section Summary
  • 5. CONCLUSION: LOOKING TO THE PAST TO UNDERSTAND THE PRESENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Five - Three Decades of Research on Motivational Intensity Theory: What We Have Learned About Effort and What We St ...
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. MOTIVATIONAL INTENSITY THEORY
  • 2.1 Effort in Tasks With Known and Fixed Difficulty
  • 2.2 Effort in Tasks With Unknown (Unclear) Difficulty
  • 2.3 Effort in Tasks Where the Individual Can Choose Task Difficulty (Unfixed Difficulty)
  • 2.4 The Origin of Motivational Intensity Theory
  • 2.5 Cardiovascular Measures as Indicators of Effort Mobilization
  • 3. EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE THEORY
  • 3.1 Studies on the Theory's Basic Predictions
  • 3.1.1 Cardiovascular Studies
  • 3.1.2 Hand Grip Studies
  • 3.2 Extensions and Applications of Motivational Intensity Theory
  • 3.2.1 Extensions Related to Variables That Affect Task Difficulty
  • 3.2.1.1 Ability and Fatigue Extensions
  • 3.2.1.2 Mood and Affect Knowledge Extensions
  • 3.2.1.3 Dysphoria Extension
  • 3.2.2 Extensions Related to Variables That Affect Success Importance
  • 3.2.3 Extensions and Applications That Conflict With Motivational Intensity Theory's Basic Predictions
  • 4. SUMMARY AND OPEN QUESTIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Six - Motivation Explained: Ultimate and Proximate Accounts of Hunger and Appetite
  • 1. A THEORY OF MOTIVATION
  • 1.1 Introduction and Aims
  • 1.2 The Outline of a Theory of Motivation
  • 1.3 Motivational States Are States Elicited by Instrumental Reinforcers, and Are Different From Taxes, Approach Responses, and ...
  • 1.3.1 Taxes
  • 1.3.2 Rewards and Punishers: Instrumental Goals for Action Toward Which Motivation Is Directed
  • 1.3.3 Habit or Stimulus-Response Learning
  • 1.3.4 Instrumental, Action-Outcome, Goal-Directed, Learning
  • 1.3.5 Gene-Specified Rewards and the Mechanisms of Evolution
  • 1.3.6 Wanting Versus Liking and Goal-Directed Motivational Behavior
  • 2. THE MECHANISMS OF HUNGER AND THE APPETITE FOR FOOD
  • 3. TASTE, OLFACTORY, AND ORAL TEXTURE PROCESSING IN THE PRIMATE, INCLUDING HUMAN, BRAIN
  • 3.1 Pathways
  • 3.2 The Insular Primary Taste Cortex
  • 3.2.1 Neuronal Responses to Taste
  • 3.2.2 Activations of the Insular Taste Cortex in Humans
  • 3.3 The Pyriform Olfactory Cortex
  • 3.4 The Secondary Taste and Olfactory Cortex in the Orbitofrontal Cortex, and the Representation of Reward Value
  • 3.4.1 Neuronal Responses to Taste
  • 3.4.2 Activations of the Orbitofrontal Cortex in Humans to Taste Stimuli
  • 3.4.3 Neuronal Responses to Odors in the Primate Orbitofrontal Cortex
  • 3.4.4 Olfactory Representations in the Human Orbitofrontal Cortex
  • 3.4.5 The Texture of Food Including Fat Texture
  • 3.4.5.1 Viscosity, Particulate Quality, and Astringency
  • 3.4.5.2 Oral Fat Texture
  • 3.4.5.3 Oral Temperature
  • 3.4.5.4 Activations in Humans
  • 3.4.6 Convergence of Olfactory, Taste, and Visual Inputs in the Orbitofrontal Cortex
  • 3.4.6.1 Neuronal Activity
  • 3.4.6.2 Taste-Olfactory Convergence Shown by Activations in Humans
  • 3.4.7 Reward Value in the Orbitofrontal Cortex
  • 3.4.8 The Neuroeconomics of Food Reward Value in the Orbitofrontal Cortex
  • 3.4.9 Representations in the Orbitofrontal Cortex of Reward Value on a Common Scale but Not in a Common Currency
  • 3.5 The Amygdala
  • 3.6 The Anterior Cingulate Cortex: A Tertiary Taste Cortical Area
  • 3.7 Hypothalamus
  • 3.8 Striatum
  • 4. FURTHER IMAGING STUDIES ON REWARD VALUE REPRESENTATIONS IN HUMANS
  • 4.1 Top-Down Cognitive Effects on Taste, Olfactory, and Flavor Processing
  • 4.2 Effects of Top-Down Selective Attention to Affective Value Versus Intensity on Representations of Taste, Olfactory, and Fla ...
  • 4.3 Individual Differences in the Reward System
  • 4.4 Age-Related Differences in Food Reward Representations
  • 5. BEYOND REWARD VALUE TO DECISION-MAKING
  • 6. HORMONAL SIGNALS RELATED TO HUNGER AND SATIETY, AND THEIR EFFECTS ON THE HYPOTHALAMUS
  • 7. POSTINGESTIVE EFFECTS OF NUTRIENTS INCLUDING CONDITIONED APPETITE AND SATIETY
  • 8. RELEVANCE TO THE CONTROL OF FOOD INTAKE AND OBESITY AND CONCLUSION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Back Cover

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