Cultural Anthropology

Global Forces, Local Lives
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 4. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 10. Mai 2020
  • |
  • 418 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-429-58866-2 (ISBN)
 

Cultural Anthropology: Global Forces, Local Lives is an exceptionally clear and readable introduction that helps students understand the application of anthropological concepts to the contemporary world and everyday life. It provides thorough treatment of key subjects such as colonialism and post-colonialism, ethnicity, the environment, cultural change, economic development, and globalization.

This fourth edition has a fresh thematic focus on the future, with material relating to planning, decision-making, design and invention, hope, and waiting. More space is devoted to contemporary topics, and there is new coverage of subjects ranging from white nationalism, right-wing populism, and natural disasters to surgical training, hacker conferences, and the gig economy. Each chapter contains a rich variety of case studies that have been updated throughout.

The book includes a number of features to support student learning, including:

    • A wealth of color images

    • Definitions of key terms and further reading suggestions in the margins

    • Questions for discussion/review and boxed summaries at the end of every chapter

    • An extensive glossary, bibliography, and index.

    Additional resources are provided via a comprehensive companion website.

    4. Auflage
    • Englisch
    • Milton
    • |
    • Großbritannien
    Taylor & Francis Ltd
    • Für höhere Schule und Studium
    • Neue Ausgabe
    11 schwarz-weiße und 97 farbige Abbildungen, 95 farbige Fotos, 11 schwarz-weiße und 2 farbige Zeichnungen, 8 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
    • 15,46 MB
    978-0-429-58866-2 (9780429588662)
    weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
    Jack David Eller is Associate Professor (Emeritus) of Anthropology at the Community College of Denver, USA. An experienced teacher and author, his other books for Routledge include Introducing Anthropology of Religion (second edition, 2014), Cultural Anthropology: 101 (2015), Culture and Diversity in the United States (2015), Social Science and Historical Perspectives (2016), and Psychological Anthropology for the 21st Century (2018).
    • Cover
    • Half Title
    • Title Page
    • Copyright Page
    • Contents
    • Detailed chapter outline
    • List of illustrations
    • Introduction
    • CHAPTER 1 UNDERSTANDING ANTHROPOLOGY
    • The science(s) of anthropology
    • Physical or biological anthropology
    • Archaeology
    • Linguistic anthropology
    • Cultural anthropology
    • Conventional anthropology and beyond
    • The continuing evolution of cultural anthropology
    • The "anthropological perspective"
    • Comparative or cross-cultural study
    • Holism
    • Cultural relativism
    • Practicing anthropology
    • Careers in anthropology
    • Anthropology in careers
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 2 UNDERSTANDING AND STUDYING CULTURE
    • Defining culture
    • Culture is learned
    • Culture is shared
    • Culture is symbolic
    • Culture is integrated
    • Culture is an adaptation
    • Culture is produced, practiced, and circulated
    • Culture is in places and things
    • The biocultural basis of human behavior
    • Studying culture: method in cultural anthropology
    • Fieldwork in a globalized world: multi-sited ethnography
    • The ethics of fieldwork
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 3 THE ORIGINS OF CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
    • What makes cultural anthropology possible - and necessary
    • The pre-modern roots of anthropology
    • The Other in early modern experience and thought
    • The nineteenth century and the "science of man"
    • The history of institutions
    • The institutionalization of anthropology in the nineteenth century
    • The twentieth century and the founding of modern anthropology
    • The anthropological crisis of the mid-twentieth century and beyond
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 4 LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL RELATIONS
    • Human language as a communication system
    • The structure of language
    • Phonology
    • Morphology or semantics
    • Grammar or syntax
    • Pragmatics or sociolinguistics
    • Making society through language: language and the construction of social reality
    • Language as performance
    • Language and political power
    • Oral literature and specialized language styles
    • Proverbs
    • Riddles
    • Ritual languages
    • Paralanguage and non-verbal language
    • Language change, loss, and competition
    • Language acquisition and the linguistic relativity hypothesis
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 5 CULTURAL CONSTRUCTION OF PERSONS: PERSONALITY AND GENDER
    • Cultures and persons, or cultural persons
    • Psychology in the early years of anthropology
    • The psychoanalytic influence on anthropology
    • American "culture and personality"
    • Contemporary psychological anthropology
    • Self and personhood
    • Emotions and dreams
    • The construction of gendered persons
    • The rise of feminist anthropology
    • Gender divisions and differences
    • The construction of masculinity
    • The construction of "alternate" genders
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 6 INDIVIDUALS AND IDENTITIES: RACE AND ETHNICITY
    • The anthropology of race
    • The evolution of the race concept
    • Measuring and managing mankind
    • The modern anthropological critique of race
    • The anthropology of ethnicity
    • Ethnic culture, ethnic boundary, and ethnic mobilization
    • Types of ethnic organization and mobilization
    • The spectrum of intergroup relations between races and ethnic groups
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 7 HEALTH, ILLNESS, BODY, AND CULTURE
    • Toward a medical anthropology
    • Comparative health care systems
    • Healing roles
    • Health and the cultural body
    • Sites of medical practice
    • Medical schools
    • Hospitals
    • Public health and applied medical anthropology
    • Anthropology and mental illness
    • Medical pluralism and the globalization of health care
    • Summary
    • Seeing culture as a whole #1: African American women facing a future with HIV/AIDS
    • CHAPTER 8 ECONOMICS: HUMANS, NATURE, AND SOCIETY
    • Economy and culture, or economy as culture
    • From "primitive economies" . . .
    • Systems of production
    • Foraging
    • Pastoralism
    • Horticulture
    • Intensive agriculture
    • Systems of distribution
    • Reciprocity
    • Redistribution
    • Market exchange
    • . . . to economic anthropology
    • Industrialism
    • Anthropology of work and the corporation
    • Anthropology of money, finance, and banking
    • Consumption as cultural practice
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 9 KINSHIP AND NON-KIN GROUPS: BEING, BECOMING, AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
    • What is kinship?
    • Kinship corporate groups
    • Marriage
    • Who to marry?
    • How many to marry?
    • How is wealth involved in marriage?
    • Residence
    • Descent
    • Kinship terminologies
    • Non-kinship-based corporate groups
    • Sex/gender
    • Age
    • Friendship
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 10 POLITICS: SOCIAL ORDER AND SOCIAL CONTROL
    • Social control: the functions of politics
    • Sanctions
    • Power
    • Up, down, and sideways: modern anthropology traces the paths of power
    • The anthropology of political systems
    • Band
    • Tribe
    • Chiefdom
    • State
    • State seeing, state being
    • States of control and confinement
    • Governmentality: power beyond the state
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 11 RELIGION: RELATING TO THE NON-HUMAN WORLD
    • The problem of studying religion anthropologically
    • Defining religion
    • Functions of religion
    • The elements of religion: a modular approach to religion
    • Religious entities: beings and forces
    • Beings
    • Forces
    • Religious specialists
    • Healing
    • Leading ritual
    • Communicating with spirits
    • Doing harm
    • Additional elements of religion: objects, ritual, and language
    • Ritual: religion enacted
    • Religious language: myth
    • Religious language: prayer
    • Religious language: ritual languages and other speech acts
    • Anthropology of translocal religion: Christianity and Islam
    • Religion and the everyday
    • Summary
    • Seeing culture as a whole #2: magic, matrilineality, and (re)production in the Trobriand Islands
    • CHAPTER 12 CULTURAL DYNAMICS: TRADITION AND CHANGE
    • The tradition of tradition
    • Cultural dynamics: the processes of cultural change
    • Innovation and diffusion
    • Culture loss
    • Acculturation
    • Genocide and ethnocide
    • Directed change
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 13 COLONIALISM AND THE ORIGIN OF GLOBALIZATION
    • The anthropology of colonialism
    • Anthropologists in colonial service
    • Colonialism as a way of knowing
    • The diversity of colonialism
    • Diverse eras, diverse agents
    • Colonialism as cultural practice
    • The colonization of everyday life
    • Managing the body, scheduling the tribe: colonial governmentality
    • The legacy of colonialism
    • Depopulation
    • Acculturation and deculturation
    • Environmental degradation and declining living conditions
    • Forced resettlement
    • Creation of "plural societies" and mixing of cultures
    • Introduction of race-concept and racism
    • Loss of economic independence
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 14 THE STRUGGLE FOR POLITICAL IDENTITY IN A MOBILE AND UNCERTAIN WORLD
    • Politics and identity on the path to independence
    • Settler government
    • Transition to native self-government
    • Native resistance and rebellion
    • Politics and culture in postcolonial states
    • Building the nation, imagining the state
    • Competing imaginations: ethnicity and other sub-state and trans-state identities
    • Fighting for and against the state
    • The weak or failed state
    • Politics and identity across or without state borders
    • Diasporas
    • Refugees
    • The rise of right-wing populism
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 15 ECONOMICS IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD: DEVELOPMENT, MODERNIZATION, AND NEOLIBERALISM
    • Why economic dependence?
    • The road to underdevelopment
    • Underdevelopment and processes of accumulation
    • Development: solution and problem
    • Development planning and projects
    • Development financing
    • The benefits - and costs - of development
    • The passing of the classic development model
    • Microfinance
    • Neoliberalism
    • Summary
    • CHAPTER 16 CULTURAL SURVIVAL AND REVIVAL IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
    • Voices from another world
    • From culture to cultural movement
    • Syncretism
    • Millenarianism
    • Irredentism
    • Modernism/vitalism
    • Nativism/traditionalism/fundamentalism
    • The future of culture, and the culture of the future
    • The culture of "modernity" and after
    • The commodification of culture
    • Cultural tourism
    • Popular culture
    • Four views of the future of culture
    • One-world culture
    • Jihad versus McWorld
    • Clash of civilizations
    • Multiple modernities
    • Summary
    • Seeing culture as a whole #3: waiting for a future delayed - passing time in India and beyond
    • Glossary
    • Bibliography
    • Index

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