Handbook of Pedology

 
 
CRC Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 26. Juli 2020
  • |
  • 274 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-000-15071-1 (ISBN)
 
Based on the new World Reference Base for Soil Resources, this text shows the reciprocity between the soil, its environment and vegetation. Updated with the most recent results in the area, it presents a wide spectrum of practical applications, in land improvement, plant growth and the environment.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 12,82 MB
978-1-000-15071-1 (9781000150711)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Philippe DUCHAUFOUR, Honorary Professor at the University of Nancy I and member of the French Academy of Agriculture, is an internationally renowned specialist in soil science.
FOREWORD -- INTRODUCTION: PEDOLOGY OR SOIL SCIENCE? -- THE GREAT DIVISIONS OF PEDOLOGY -- PART I SOIL CONSTITUENTS AND THEIR ORIGIN -- 1. THE MINERAL FRACTION -- 1. Introduction and Definitions -- 2. Grouping of Minerals by Size: Particle Size Distribution -- 3. Weathering Balance: Weathering Index -- 4. The Parent Material: Minerals And Rocks -- 5. Weathering Complex: Clay Minerals -- 6. Weathering Complex: Oxyhydroxides -- 7. Bioclimatic Weathering Processes -- 8. Ecology of Weathering -- 2. THE ORGANIC FRACTION -- 1. Definitions and Generalities -- 2. Agents of Humification: Living Organisms -- 3. Raw Material of Humus: Fresh Organic Matter -- 4. Humification: Biological Processes -- 5. Physicochemical Stabilization and Maturation -- 6. Biochemical Composition of Humus -- 7. Fonnation and Role of Organomineral Associations -- 8. Ecology of Humification -- PART II GLOBAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL -- 3. ARRANGEMENT OF THE PARTICLES: STRUCTURE, AERATION -- 1. Origin of Structures -- 2. Classification of Structures -- 3. Practical Aspects: Consistence and Stability of Structure -- 4. Microstructure -- 5. Assessment of Structural Status: Porosity -- 6. The Soil Atmosphere: Free and Dissolved Gases -- 7. Applications: Development of the Root System -- 4. SOIL AND WATER -- 1. Introduction: Kinds of Water in the Soil -- 2. Hydric Potential and Matric Potential -- 3. Characteristic Values: Concept of Available Water -- 4. Water Movement in the Soil -- 5. Water Balance and Hydric Regime -- 6. Application: Water Nutrition -- 5. SOIL TEMPERATURE AND PEDOCLIMATE -- 1. Factors of Surficial Soil Heating: Hot and Cold Soils -- 2. Downward Diffusion of Heat: Thermal Profiles -- 3. Effect of Soil Temperature and Its Variations -- 4. Concept of Pedoclimate -- 6. EXCHANGE COMPLEX AND pH OF THE SOIL -- 1. Generalities and Definitions -- 2. Characteristic Values -- 3. Acidity and pH of Soils: Buffering Power -- 4. Role of the Exchange Complex in Plant Nutrition -- 7. THE SOIL AND PLANT NUTRITION -- 1. Forms of Nutrients in the Soil -- 2. Relative Importance of Mineral and Organic Reserves -- 3. Role of the Rhizosphere -- 4. Nitrogen -- 5. Phosphorus -- 6. Sulphur -- 7. Basic Cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, K+) -- 8. Trace Elements -- PART III PEDOGENESIS AND SOIL CLASSIFICATION -- 8. SOIL DEVELOPMENT: FACTORS AND PROCESSES -- 1. Definitions: Development Cycle -- 2. The Time Factor: Short Cycles and Long Cycles -- 3. Ecological Factors and Pedogenesis -- 4. The Fundamental Pedogenetic Processes -- 9. SOIL SYSTEMATICS -- 1. Difficulties of the Problem -- 2. Preliminary Questions: Horizons and Nomenclature -- 3. Hierarchical Classifications -- 4. Morphogenetic Reference Bases -- 10. IMMATURE SOILS -- 1. Immature Climatic Soils -- 2. Immature Soils on Recent Materials -- (Regosols, Fluvisols, Lithic Leptosols) -- 11. SOILS WITH PREDOMINANTLY BIOCHEMICAL WEATHERING -- 1. Desaturated Humiferous Soils (Umbric Leptosols, Andosols) -- 2. Calcimagnesic Soils (Rendzic Leptosols, Calcaric Units) -- 3. Brunified Soils (Cambisols, Luvisols) -- 4. Podzolized Soils (Podzols) -- 12. SOILS WITH CONTRASTED PEDOCLIMATE -- 1. Melanized Soils (Chemozems, Kastanozems, Phaeozems) -- 2. Vertisols (Vertisols) -- 13. SOILS WITH PREDOMINANTLY GEOCHEMICAL WEATHERING -- 1. Fersiallitic Soils (Chromic Luvisols and Chromic Cambisols) -- 2. Ferruginous Soils (Acrisols, Lixisols) -- 3. Ferrallitic Soils (Ferralsols) -- 14. SOILS RELATED TO PHYSICOCHEMICAL SITE CONDITIONS -- 1. Hydromorphic Soils (Gleysols, Histosols, Planosols, Stagnosols) -- 2. Salsodic Soils (Solonchaks, Solonetz, Thionic Units) -- PART IV APPLIED PEDOLOGY -- 15. MAPPING OF SOILS AND SITES -- 1. Preparation of the Map -- 2. Finalization of Map and Report -- 3. Site Mapping -- 16. APPLICATIONS TO UTILIZATION OF SOILS -- 1. Soil Fertility, Basis of Applied Pedology -- 2. Regional Planning -- 3. Utilization for Agriculture -- 4. Management of Forests and Green Areas -- 5. Conclusion -- 17. PROTECTION OF SOILS AND THE ENVIRONMENT -- 1. Protection of the Soil against Degradation and Erosion -- 2. Protection of the Environment from Pollution -- 3. General Conclusion -- REFERENCES -- INDEX.

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