The main purpose of this book is to assist the reader in choosing the best method for providing clean and safe water in a developing country. The sites needing clean water can be diverse, e.g. an individual household, an entire village, a group of villages, a school, a clinic, an orphanage, etc. The focus of this book is to provide the reader with a basic understanding of how to bring clean water supplies to these entities. The optimal approaches will depend on both the Point of Use (POU), which may be large or small, and the state of the water (quantity, turbidity, type and concentration of pathogens/bacteria/viruses present) at the water source. Point of Use (POU) is the location where the water is to be consumed.
The majority of those impacted by unsafe water live in isolated rural areas of the developing world. Cost, sustainability, cultural differences and acceptance by those who will use the water are all important factors in providing clean drinking water to these people.
John Dracup was born and raised in Seattle, Washington. He is a first-generation American, as his parents immigrated from Glasgow, Scotland, in the late 1920s. They settled in Seattle because the weather was similar to rainy Scotland. He holds degrees in civil engineering from the University of Washington, Seattle, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, and the University of California, Berkeley.
He taught water resource engineering and hydrology at both the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of California, Berkeley, for over 50 years. His research was in the areas of the optimization of large scale water resource systems and the impact of climate variability and climate change on hydrologic variables.
Professor Dracup is a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the American Geophysical Union, among others, and is a member of the Rotary Club of Santa Monica. In 2001, he was a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Australia. In 2015, the trustees of the Rotary Foundation cited him for his efforts in supplying clean, safe water in developing countries. He has traveled to and developed clean water systems in Peru, Guatemala, Kenya, and Honduras. He lives in Santa Monica, California, with his wife and family
1. Safe Source
2. Sediment Removal
5. Safe Storage
6. Safe Transport
7. Choosing the Fresh Water Source
8. Water Quality
9 Pumps and Energy
12. Cultural Issues
13. Financial Costs
16. Case Studies
17. Resource Guide
Appendix I: A Primer on Hydrology
Appendix II: A Primer on Water Resource Engineering
About the Author