Human Rights and the United Kingdom Supreme Court

Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 28. März 2013
  • |
  • 472 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-165585-2 (ISBN)
How does the UK Supreme Court approach human rights law? This book presents the first comprehensive overview of the human rights jurisprudence of the Court, analysing the opinions expressed by the current Justices and their predecessors, both judicially and extra-judicially. It criticizes the judges for not developing the common law in a way which supplements the Human Rights Act, for not making imaginative enough use of that Act, and for adopting an attitude to Convention rights which is often out of step with the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. After setting the scene by explaining the constraints which are placed on the Supreme Court Justices, the book considers how human rights are conceptualized by the Court in general and how in particular the procedural questions thrown up by the Human Rights Act have been dealt with so far. It then examines on a right-by-right basis the Justices' position on all the Convention rights and those additional international human rights standards which have been incorporated into UK law. Focusing on the views expressed by individual judges, the book details the many differences of opinion which have come to light and characterizes the prevailing positions, before attempting to predict what stance may be adopted in future on new issues. The book offers an invaluable resource for any practitioners bringing human rights cases before the Court, and its critical arguments on the state of UK human rights law will be essential reading for all academics working in European human rights law.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 6,37 MB
978-0-19-165585-2 (9780191655852)
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Brice Dickson is Professor of International and Comparative Law at Queen's University Belfast and a former Chief Commissioner of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. He has published widely on human rights and on judicial activism, particularly at the level of the House of Lords and Supreme Court.
  • Cover
  • Contents
  • Table of Primary Legislation
  • Table of Secondary Legislation
  • Table of Treaties
  • Table of Cases
  • 1. Introduction
  • The new Supreme Court
  • The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
  • The Supreme Court and Scotland
  • The composition of the Supreme Court
  • The appointment process
  • The characteristics of Supreme Court Justices
  • Influences on the processing of appeals
  • Subsequent chapters
  • 2. The Supreme Court's Conception of Human Rights
  • Introduction
  • Liberties, not rights
  • Does the Supreme Court recognize constitutional rights?
  • Pre-Thoburn authorities
  • Post-Thoburn authorities
  • The impact of the Human Rights Act 1998
  • Human rights under the common law
  • Human rights under legislation besides the Human Rights Act
  • The EU charter of fundamental rights
  • The Ullah or 'mirror' principle
  • The Shabina Begum or 'outcome not process' approach
  • Human rights and the rule of law
  • Conclusion
  • 3. Approaches to the Human Rights Act
  • Introduction
  • Retrospectivity
  • Fair trial and commercial cases
  • Right to life cases
  • Taking account of Strasbourg jurisprudence
  • The definition of 'public authority'
  • The section 3 interpretative duty
  • Primary legislation
  • Secondary legislation
  • Declarations of incompatibility
  • Declarations issued or endorsed by the top court
  • Declarations overturned by the top court
  • Refusals of declarations by lower courts endorsed by the top court
  • Refusals of declarations by the the top court later 'overturned' by the European Court
  • The 'primary legislation' defence
  • Horizontality
  • Limitation periods
  • Remedies
  • Unfair trials
  • The application of Convention rights abroad
  • Conclusion
  • 4. The Right to Life
  • Introduction
  • The right not to be killed
  • Security force cases
  • Duress and necessity cases
  • Medical cases
  • The position of foetuses
  • Mercy killings
  • Assisted suicides
  • The right to be protected against risks to life
  • Policing cases
  • Medical cases
  • The right to a thorough investigation of deaths
  • Conclusion
  • 5. The Right Not to be Ill-treated
  • Introduction
  • The common law approach to ill-treatment
  • The definition of ill-treatment, and the duty to prevent it
  • Torture as a crime of universal jurisdiction: the Pinochet case
  • Torture as a source of evidence: the second Belmarsh case
  • The burden of proof
  • Removing a person to a country where there may be ill-treatment
  • Torture as a civil wrong and the doctrine of state immunity
  • Ill-treatment of children, the ill, and the destitute
  • Conclusion
  • 6. The Right to Liberty
  • Introduction
  • Police powers to stop and search
  • Police powers to control a crowd
  • Administrative detention
  • Administrative detention in Northern Ireland and after 9/11
  • Control orders
  • Asylum and deportation
  • Confinement in mental hospitals
  • Pre-Human Rights Act decisions
  • Post-Human Rights Act decisions
  • Custody and imprisonment
  • Early release from prison
  • Conclusion
  • 7. The Right to a Fair Trial
  • Introduction
  • The right to a fair trial before the Human Rights Act
  • The abuse of process doctrine
  • The discretion to exclude evidence
  • Whether Article 6 is engaged or not
  • The line between substance and procedure
  • Access to court in negligence cases
  • The line between 'civil rights' and other rights or expectations
  • Judicial, prosecutorial, and police behaviour
  • The admissibility of evidence, and open justice
  • Anonymous and absent witnesses
  • Illegally obtained evidence
  • Closed material procedures
  • Confiscation and post-conviction issues
  • The consequences of a breach of Article 6
  • Conclusion
  • 8. The Right to a Private and Family Life
  • Introduction
  • Respect of private life
  • Homosexuality
  • Transsexualism
  • The right to privacy
  • Respect of family life
  • Respect for home
  • Claims by gypsies and travellers
  • Eviction of tenants from social housing
  • Respect for correspondence
  • Conclusion
  • 9. Believing, Associating, Marrying
  • Introduction
  • Believing
  • Religious belief and expulsion from the United Kingdom
  • Religious belief and education
  • Associating
  • Trade union activities
  • Other contexts
  • Marrying
  • Conclusion
  • 10. The Right to Free Speech
  • Introduction
  • Contempt of court
  • The Sunday Times case
  • The Spycatcher litigation
  • Shayler, surveillance and jury secrecy
  • Anonymity in court
  • Journalists' sources
  • Section 10 of the Contempt of Court Act 1981
  • Broadcasting
  • Blasphemy and obscenity
  • Defamation
  • Conclusion
  • 11. Equality and Freedom from Discrimination
  • Introduction
  • The interpretation of anti-discrimination statutes
  • The Jewish Free School case
  • Specific issues
  • Equal pay
  • Transsexualism and homosexuality
  • Disability discrimination
  • Ageism
  • The contribution of Baroness Hale
  • Other equality issues
  • Conclusion
  • 12. Property, Education, Elections
  • Introduction
  • The right to property
  • The pre-Human Rights Act decisions
  • The taxation of building societies
  • The Pye case
  • Article 1 of Protocol No 1 in the House of Lords
  • Obligations imposed by private law or regulatory law
  • Welfare benefits as property rights
  • Other claims to property rights
  • The right to education
  • The right to free elections
  • Conclusion
  • 13. Conclusion
  • The Court's relationship with Strasbourg
  • The Court's relationship with Parliament
  • The future
  • Appendix 1 Law Lords and Justices in office since the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998
  • Appendix 2 Biographies of current Supreme Court Justices
  • Appendix 3 Decisions by the House of Lords or Supreme Court considered by the European Commission or Court of Human Rights
  • Bibliography
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Y

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