Agro-Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production

Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomass
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 25. August 2016
  • |
  • 350 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-802612-0 (ISBN)
 

Agro-industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production: Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomass explores the current state-of-the-art bioprocesses in enzyme production using agro-industrial wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, the problems faced in terms of waste and regulation, and potential value-added protocols for these wastes. It surveys areas ripe for further inquiry as well as future trends in the field. Under each section, the individual chapters present up-to-date and in-depth information on bioprospecting of agro-industrial wastes to obtain enzymes of economic importance.

This book covers research gaps, including valorization of fruit and vegetable by-product-a key contribution toward sustainability that makes the utmost use of agricultural produce while employing low-energy and cost-efficient bioprocesses. Written by experts in the field of enzyme technology, the book provides valuable information for academic researchers, graduate students, and industry scientists working in industrial-food microbiology, biotechnology, bioprocess technology, post-harvest technology, agriculture, waste management, and the food industry.


  • Addresses key opportunities and challenges in the emerging field of enzyme technology, with an emphasis on energy and bio-based industrial applications
  • Explores the current state of the art bioprocesses in enzyme production using fruit and vegetable wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, and problems faced in terms of waste and regulation
  • Presents in-depth information on bioprospecting of fruit and vegetable to obtain enzymes of economic importance
  • Delves into environmental concerns and economic considerations related to fruit and vegetable processing by-products
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 4,22 MB
978-0-12-802612-0 (9780128026120)
012802612X (012802612X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES AS FEEDSTOCK FOR ENZYME PRODUCTION
  • AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES AS FEEDSTOCK FOR ENZYME PRODUCTION: Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomas
  • Copyright
  • CONTENTS
  • LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
  • 1 - Microbial Enzyme Factories: Current Trends in Production Processes and Commercial Aspects
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MICROORGANISMS AS A POTENTIAL SOURCE FOR HYDROLASES
  • AGRO-INDUSTRIAL RESIDUES FOR HYDROLASES PRODUCTION
  • RECOVERY AND PURIFICATION OF HYDROLASES
  • ENZYME APPLICATIONS AND GLOBAL MARKET
  • SOME COMMERCIAL HYDROLYSES AND THEIR MANUFACTURE
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • 2 - Fruit and Vegetable Processing Waste: Renewable Feed Stocks for Enzyme Production
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPOSITION OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PROCESSING WASTE
  • IMPORTANT ENZYMES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
  • Cellulolytic Enzymes
  • Hemicellulases
  • Proteases
  • Lipases
  • Pectinases
  • Amylases
  • Ligninolytic Enzymes
  • ENZYME PRODUCTION THROUGH FERMENTATION
  • Solid-State Fermentation
  • Submerged Fermentation
  • POTENTIAL OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLE SOLID WASTE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENZYMES
  • Citrus Waste
  • Apple Residues
  • Grapes
  • Mango
  • Pineapple
  • Banana
  • Passion Fruit
  • Jackfruit
  • Kiwifruit
  • Date Palm
  • By-Products of Vegetable Processing
  • Tomato Waste
  • Carrot
  • Onion
  • Olive
  • Red Beet
  • Potato
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 3 - Bioprocesses for Enzyme Production Using Agro-Industrial Wastes: Technical Challenges and Commercialization Potential
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MAJOR AGRO-INDUSTRIAL RESIDUES/WASTES
  • Agricultural Crop Residues and By-Products
  • Rice Straw
  • Wheat Straw
  • Corn Cobs
  • Wheat Bran
  • Current Usage/Disposal Techniques
  • Food Wastes
  • Oil Cakes
  • Sugarcane Bagasse
  • Fruit and Vegetable Waste
  • Current Usage/Disposal Techniques
  • ENZYMES: THE BIOLOGICAL TOOLS FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
  • BIOPROCESSES FOR ENZYME PRODUCTION USING AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES
  • Submerged Fermentation (SmF)
  • SOLID-STATE FERMENTATION (SSF)
  • COMMERCIALIZATION POTENTIAL
  • EFFECT OF FERMENTATION PARAMETERS
  • CARBON AND NITROGEN SOURCE
  • AERATION
  • PH
  • TEMPERATURE
  • INOCULUM AGE AND SIZE
  • SUBSTRATE PRETREATMENT
  • TECHNICAL CHALLENGES AND NEW TRENDS IN ENZYME PRODUCTION USING AGRO-RESIDUES
  • SSF Processes
  • HEAT DISPERSAL
  • SCALE-UP
  • BIOMASS DETERMINATION
  • SmF Processes
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 4 - Industrial Enzymes: Recovery and Purification Challenges
  • MAJOR INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES
  • ENZYME PURIFICATION: A TRIAL AND ERROR STRATEGY
  • PURIFICATION OF ENZYMES LARGELY DEPENDS ON ITS APPLICATION
  • CHALLENGES IN ENZYME PURIFICATION
  • MONITORING THE PROGRESS OF ENZYME PURIFICATION
  • IMPORTANT STEPS IN ENZYME PURIFICATION
  • DETERMINATION OF ENZYME ACTIVITY BY SIMPLE METHODS
  • FRACTIONATION OF ENZYMES WITH AMMONIUM SULFATE AND OTHER SOLVENTS
  • ENZYME INACTIVATION AND CONTROL
  • CHROMATOGRAPHIC STEPS
  • ULTRAFILTRATION
  • AUTOMATION OF PROTEIN PURIFICATION
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • 5 - LOW-COST ENZYMES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN BIOENERGY SECTOR*,╬
  • LIGNOCELLULOSE BIOMASS AND 2G ETHANOL
  • Lignocellulose Biomass
  • ENZYMES IN BIOMASS HYDROLYSIS
  • Low-cost Enzymes: Present and Perspectives
  • Enzymes in Native Bioflora: Microorganisms Working for Us
  • ORANGE BAGASSE AS AN EXAMPLE OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTE WITH HIGH REUSABLE VALUE
  • Composition
  • Enzymatic Hydrolysis Using Native Pathogen Proteins: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri
  • Biofuel-related Enzymes From Other Sources
  • Enzyme Recycling
  • NATIVE MICROORGANISMS
  • FINAL REMARKS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 6 - Role of Enzymes in Environment Cleanup/Remediation
  • INTRODUCTION
  • POLLUTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT
  • METHODOLOGIES TO CLEANUP POLLUTED ENVIRONMENTS
  • ENZYMES IMPORTANT TO POLLUTANT REMOVAL
  • Laccases
  • Dehalogenases
  • ENZYMES AS INDICATORS OF POLLUTED/RESTORED ENVIRONMENTS
  • ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS OF ENZYMES AS ENVIRONMENTAL ACTORS
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 7 - Enzymes: Applications in Pulp and Paper Industry
  • INTRODUCTION
  • APPLICATION OF XYLANASES FOR THE DELIGNIFICATION OF PULP
  • MECHANISM OF DELIGNIFICATION OF PULP WITH XYLANASES
  • FACTORS AFFECTING XYLANASE TREATMENT EFFICIENCY
  • COMMERCIAL AVAILABILITY OF XYLANASES
  • APPLICATION OF LACCASES FOR THE DELIGNIFICATION OF PULP (TABLE 7.1)
  • DELIGNIFICATION OF PULP WITH FUNGAL LACCASES
  • DELIGNIFICATION OF PULP WITH BACTERIAL LACCASES
  • FACTORS AFFECTING THE LACCASE-BASED BIOBLEACHING OF PULP
  • SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS OF ENZYMES INVOLVED IN BIOBLEACHING OF PULP
  • ROLE OF ENZYMES IN PITCH CONTROL
  • DE-INKING OF OLD NEWSPRINT BY ENZYME TREATMENT
  • APPLICATION OF LACCASE FOR GRAFTING OF PULP FIBERS
  • DECOLORIZATION AND DETOXIFICATION EFFECT OF LACCASE ON WASTEWATERS FROM PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 8 - Enzymes in Food Processing
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ENZYMATIC APPLICATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING
  • Baked Goods
  • Beer Industry
  • DAIRY INDUSTRY
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices
  • Meat, Fish, and Seafood
  • Sugars, Sweeteners, and Prebiotics
  • Starch Hydrolysis
  • Other Sweeteners
  • Prebiotics
  • Fructooligosaccharides
  • Galactooligosaccharides
  • Glucooligosaccharides
  • Wine Making
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 9 - Seafood Enzymes and Their Application in Food Processing
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SEAFOOD ENZYMES
  • Nucleotide-Degrading Enzymes
  • K-value
  • Myosin ATPases
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Lysosomal and Mitochondrial Enzymes
  • Histidine Decarboxylase
  • Urease
  • Trimethylamine Oxide Degradation by Enzymes
  • TMAO Oxidoreductase
  • TMAO Demethylase
  • Lipoxygenases
  • Lipases and Phospholipases
  • Transglutaminases
  • Digestive Proteinases
  • Trypsin Isozymes
  • Polyphenoloxidases
  • Tryptophanase
  • Chitinolytic Enzymes
  • Ligninolytic Enzymes
  • Lipoxygenases
  • APPLICATIONS OF ENZYMES
  • Specialty Products
  • Mince Products
  • PUFA-Enriched Fish Oils
  • Caviar and Roe Production
  • Cured Fish Products
  • Protein Hydrolysates
  • Seafood Flavorings
  • Fish Sauces and Fermented Products
  • Isolation of Pigments
  • Ripening of Salted Fish
  • Meat Tenderization
  • Reduction in the Viscosity of Stickwater
  • Extension of Shelf Life
  • Removal of Off-Odor and Fishy Taste
  • Enzymes as Processing Aids
  • Deskinning
  • Descaling
  • Membrane Removal
  • Application in Other Foods and Feeds
  • Seafood Enzymes in Dairy Technology
  • Seafood Enzymes in Feed Products
  • Fish Silage
  • Cold-active Enzymes
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 10 - Enzymes for Nutritional Enrichment of Agro-Residues as Livestock Feed
  • INTRODUCTION
  • FEED SUBSTRATES FOR ANIMAL NUTRITION
  • Energy/Carbohydrate Sources
  • Protein Substrates
  • Phytate/Phosphorus
  • FORAGE, SILAGE, AND RELATED FEED SUBSTRATES
  • Agricultural and Food Industry Wastes, Refuse, and Residues
  • FRUIT WASTES
  • Apples
  • Plantains and Bananas
  • Citrus Wastes
  • Pineapple
  • Other Fruit and Vegetable Wastes and Residues
  • Grain and Other Crop Residues
  • Biofuel Wastes and By-Products as Animal Feed
  • ENZYMES USED IN ANIMAL FEED SUPPLEMENTATION
  • Carbohydrases
  • Amylases
  • Cellulase and Xylanase Complexes (Fibrolytic Enzymes)
  • Proteases
  • Phytases
  • Combined Enzymes and Enzyme Complexes
  • USE OF EXOGENOUS ENZYMES IN ANIMAL NUTRITION
  • Enzymes in Swine Nutrition
  • Enzymes in Ruminant Nutrition
  • Enzymes in Poultry Nutrition
  • Enzymes in Fish Nutrition
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 11 - Potential Applications of Enzymes in Brewery and Winery
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ENZYMES IN BREWING
  • Malting Process: A Natural Brewing Enzymes Factory
  • Beer Production (Brewhouse Processing)
  • Enzymatic Processes in Yeast Fermentation in Beer
  • Enzyme Action for Enhancing Maturation
  • Enzyme Action in Low-caloric, Low-carbohydrate, and Gluten-free Beer Production
  • Trends of Enzyme Use in Brewing
  • ENZYMES IN WINERY
  • Wine making
  • ENZYMES IN WINERY
  • Enzymes in Grapes
  • Enzymes Released by Yeasts
  • Commercial Enzymes Applied in Winery
  • Trends of Enzyme Use in Winery
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 12 - Recent Applications of Enzymes in Personal Care Products
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Peroxidase
  • Tyrosinase
  • Proteases
  • Lipases
  • Hyaluronidase
  • APPLICATION OF NANOPARTICLES FOR ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION
  • FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • 13 - Strategies to Enhance Enzyme Activity for Industrial Processes in Managing Agro-Industrial Waste
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION
  • DIFFERENT STRATEGIES FOR ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION ON VARIOUS SUPPORTS
  • NANOMATERIALS AS DYNAMIC SUPPORTS FOR ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION
  • FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • 14 - Biotechnological Production of Enzymes Using Agro-Industrial Wastes: Economic Considerations, Commercialization Potential, and Future Prospects
  • INTRODUCTION
  • FACTORS DECIDING THE ECONOMICS OF ENZYME PRODUCTION
  • Upstream Processes
  • Downstream Processes
  • Other Miscellaneous Factors
  • COMMERCIALIZATION POTENTIAL OF ENZYMES
  • Carbohydrases
  • Proteases
  • Esterases
  • Oxidoreductases
  • ENZYME TECHNOLOGIES WITH COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL
  • FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • FURTHER READING
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Back Cover

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