Legitimacy Gap

Secularism, Religion, and Culture in Comparative Constitutional Law
Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 25. August 2017
  • |
  • 256 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-252827-8 (ISBN)
This book provides an account and explanation of a fundamental dilemma facing secular states: the 'legitimacy gap' left by the withdrawal of religion as a source of legitimacy. Legitimacy represents a particular problem for the secular state. The 'secular' in all its manifestations is very much linked to the historical rise of the modern state. It should not be seen as a category that separates culture and religion from politics, but rather as one that links these different dimensions. In the first part of the book, Depaigne explains how modern constitutional law has moved away from a 'substantive' legitimacy, based in particular on natural law, towards a 'procedural' legitimacy based on popular sovereignty and human rights. Depaigne examines three case studies of constitutional responses to legitimacy challenges which articulate the three main sources of 'procedural' legitimacy (people, rights, and culture) in different ways: the 'neutral model' (constitutions based on the 'displacement of culture'); the 'multicultural model' (constitutions based on diversity and pluralism); and the 'asymmetric model' (constitutions based on tradition). Even if secularization can be considered European in its origin, it is best seen today as a global phenomenon, which needs to be approached by taking into account the particular cultural dimension in which it is rooted. Depaigne's detailed study shows how secularization has moved either towards 'nationalization' linked to a particular national identity (as in France and, to some extent, in India)-or towards 'de-secularization', whereby secularism is displaced by particular cultural norms, as in Malaysia.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 5,98 MB
978-0-19-252827-8 (9780192528278)
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Dr Vincent Depaigne is a policy officer in the Fundamental Rights Unit, Directorate General for Justice, at the European Commission, dealing in particular with the dialogue between the European Commission and religious and non-confessional organizations. Dr Depaigne received his PhD in Law from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, and a MSt in international human rights law from Oxford University.
  • Cover
  • Legitimacy Gap
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction: The Secular State and Its Legitimacy
  • 1. The European 'Legitimacy Gap'
  • 2. Secularization and Legitimacy
  • 3. Models of Constitutional Legitimacy: Looking at Secularization in Asia and Europe
  • 4. Plan of the Book
  • I. The Secular State Between Procedural and Substantive Legitimacy
  • 1. The 'Legitimacy Gap' in the Secular State
  • 1. Secularization, Religion, and Legitimacy
  • 2. Max Weber and Legitimacy in the Secular State
  • 3. The Social Contract as a Response to the 'Legitimacy Gap'
  • 4. Conclusion: Substantive vs Procedural Legitimacy
  • 2. Constitution and Legitimacy: Procedural or Substantive?
  • 1. The Move towards Procedural Legitimacy: Democratic Rule and the Decline of the Legitimacy of Human Rights
  • 2. Substantive Forms of Legitimacy: Locating Culture in the Secular State
  • 3. The Problem of Contemporary Legitimacy: Defining 'the People'
  • II. Models of Reconciliation Between Constitutional Law and Culture
  • 3. Locating Culture in the Secular State: Constitutional Law, Secularization, and the Status of Culture
  • 1. Locating Culture in Contemporary Constitutional Law
  • 2. Models of Constitutional Legitimacy: Articulating Procedure and Substance
  • 4. The Secular Nation: France, or the Limits of the 'Neutral Model'
  • 1. Defining the People: The Outer Limits of the Secular State
  • 2. 'Writing the Republic': The Constitution, the French People, and Overseas Territories
  • 3. Can Laïcité Define a Political Community?
  • 4. Conclusion: A 'Nationalization' of Secularism?
  • 5. 'Reformist' Secularism: Reconciling Pluralism, Equality, and Unity in India
  • 1. Defining the People: The Origins of the Indian 'Model' of Secularism
  • 2. Indian Secularism as 'Ameliorative Secularism'
  • 3. Pluralism and Secularism: The Shah Bano Case
  • 4. Conclusion: Secularism between Pluralism and 'Hinduization'
  • 6. Malaysia: 'Asymmetric' Secularism
  • 1. The Malaysian 'Social Contract': A Secular 'Ethnic Democracy'?
  • 2. The Position of Islam in Malaysia: A Secular and Islamic State?
  • 3. De-?Secularization: Malaysia as a Secular and Religious State?
  • Conclusion: Between 'De-?Secularization' and 'Nationalization'
  • 1. Finding the Source of Legitimacy in the Secular State: Reconsidering the Models
  • 2. The Nationalization of 'Majoritarian' Secularism
  • 3. The (De-?)Secularization of Culture
  • 4. A 'Secular Religion'?
  • 5. Secularization as Universalization
  • Bibliography
  • Index
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