Western democratic welfare states often featured sectoral governance arrangements where governments negotiated policy with sectoral elites, based on shared ideas and exclusive institutional arrangements. Food and agriculture policy is widely considered an extreme case of compartmentalized and 'exceptionalist' policy-making, where sector-specific policy ideas and institutions provide privileged access for sectoral interest groups and generate policies that benefit their members. In the last two decades, policy exceptionalism has been under pressure from internationalization of policy-making, increasing interlinkage of policy areas and trends towards self-regulation, liberalization and performance-based policies. This book introduces the concept of 'post-exceptionalism' to characterize an incomplete transformation of exceptionalist policies and politics which preserves significant exceptionalist features. Post-exceptional constellations of ideas, institutions, interests and policies can be complementary and stable, or tense and unstable. Food and agriculture policy serves as an example to illustrate an incomplete transformation towards a more open, contested and networked politics. Chapters on agricultural policy-making in the European Union and the United States, the politics of food in Germany and the United Kingdom, transnational organic standard setting and global food security debates demonstrate how 'postexceptionalism' helps to understand the co-existence of transformation and path dependency in contemporary public policies.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
Carsten Daugbjerg is Professor of Food and Agricultural Policy in the Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and an Honorary Professor in the Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Australia.
Peter H. Feindt is Professor of Agricultural and Food Policy in the Albrecht Daniel Thaer-Institute of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Humboldt- University Berlin, Germany.
1. Post-exceptionalism in public policy: transforming food and agricultural policy
Carsten Daugbjerg and Peter H. Feindt
2. Post-exceptional politics in agriculture: an examination of the 2013 CAP reform
3. Environmental policy integration in the EU's common agricultural policy: greening or greenwashing?
4. Party support for post-exceptionalism in agri-food politics and policy: Germany and the United Kingdom compared
5. Post-exceptionalism and corporate interests in US agricultural policy
Adam Sheingate, Allysan Scatterday, Bob Martin and Keeve Nachman
6. 'Feeding 9 billion people': global food security debates and the productionist trap
Eve Fouilleux, Nicolas Bricas and Arlène Alpha
7. Global organic agriculture policy-making through standards as an organizational field: when institutional dynamics meet entrepreneurs
8. The resilience of paradigm mixes: food security in a post-exceptionalist trade regime
Carsten Daugbjerg, Arild Aurvåg Farsund and Oluf Langhelle