The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability

Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 14. Mai 2020
  • |
  • 944 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-062288-6 (ISBN)
Disability raises profound and fundamental issues: questions about human embodiment and well-being; dignity, respect, justice and equality; personal and social identity. It raises pressing questions for educational, health, reproductive, and technology policy, and confronts the scope and direction of the human and civil rights movements. Yet it is only recently that disability has become the subject of the sustained and rigorous philosophical inquiry that it deserves. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability is the first comprehensive volume on the subject. The volume's contents range from debates over the definition of disability to the challenges posed by disability for justice and dignity; from the relevance of disability for respect, other interpersonal attitudes, and intimate relationships to its significance for health policy, biotechnology, and human enhancement; from the ways that disability scholarship can enrich moral and political philosophy, to the importance of physical and intellectual disabilities for the philosophy of mind and action. The contributions reflect the variety of areas of expertise, intellectual orientations, and personal backgrounds of their authors. Some are founding philosophers of disability; others are promising new scholars; still others are leading philosophers from other areas writing on disability for the first time. Many have disabilities themselves. This volume boldly explores neglected issues, offers fresh perspectives on familiar ones, and ultimately expands philosophy's boundaries. More than merely presenting an overview of existing work, this Handbook will chart the growth and direction of a vital and burgeoning field for years to come.
  • Englisch
  • 4,86 MB
978-0-19-062288-6 (9780190622886)
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Adam Cureton is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee. He co-edited (with Kimberley Brownlee) Disability and Disadvantage (2009) and (with Thomas E. Hill) Disability in Practice: Attitudes Policies and Relationships (2018), both for Oxford University Press. He is the President of the Society for Philosophy and Disability. David Wasserman is on the faculty of the Clinical Center Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health. He works primarily on ethical and policy issues in disability, genetics, reproduction, and neuroscience. He is co-author, with David Benatar, of Debating Procreation (Oxford, 2015).
Introduction Adam Cureton and David Wasserman Part I: Concepts, Models and Perspectives of Disability Chapter 1: In Pursuit of Justice for Disability: Model Neutrality Revisited Anita Silvers Chapter 2: Theoretical Strategies to Define Disability Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry Chapter 3: Disability, Health, and Difference Jerome Bickenbach Chapter 4: Habilitative Health and Disability Lawrence C. Becker Chapter 5: Philosophy and the Apparatus of Disability Shelley L. Tremain Chapter 6: Disability Liberation Theology Rosemarie Garland-Thomson Part II: Well-Being, Adaptation, and Causing Disability Chapter 7: Disabilities and Wellbeing: The Bad and the Neutral Joshua Shepherd Chapter 8: Causing Disability, Causing Non-Disability: What's the Moral Difference? Joseph A. Stramondo and Stephen M. Campbell Chapter 9: Why Inflicting Disability is Wrong: The Mere Difference View and The Causation Based Objection Julia Mosquera Chapter 10: Evaluative Diversity and the (Ir)Relevance of Well-Being Sean Aas Part III: Justice, Equality, and Inclusion Chapter 11: Contractualism, Disability, and Inclusion Christie Hartley Chapter 12: Civic Republican Disability Justice Tom O'Shea Chapter 13: Disability and Disadvantage in the Capabilities Approach Christopher A. Riddle Chapter 14: Disability and Partial Compliance Theory Leslie Francis Chapter 15: Fair Difference of Opportunity Adam Cureton and Alexander Kaufman Chapter 16: The Disability Case against Assisted Dying Danny Scoccia Part IV: Knowledge and Embodiment Chapter 17: Epistemic Exclusion, Injustice, and Disability Jackie Leach Scully Chapter 18: What's Wrong With "You Say You're Happy, But " Reasoning? Jason Marsh Chapter 19: Interactions with Delusional Others: Reflections on Epistemic Failures and Virtues Josh Dohmen Chapter 20: Disability, Rationality, and Justice: Disambiguating Adaptive Preferences Jessica Begon Part V: Respect, Appreciation, and Care Chapter 21: Ideals of Appreciation and Expressions of Respect Thomas E. Hill, Jr. Chapter 22: The Limiting Role of Respect Adam Cureton Chapter 23: Respect, Identification, and Profound Cognitive Impairment John Vorhaus Chapter 24: Care and Disability: Friends or Foes Eva Kittay Chapter 25: A Dignitarian Approach to Disability: From Moral Status to Social Status Linda Barclay Part VI: Moral Status and Significant Mental Disabilities Chapter 26: Cognitive Disability and Moral Status Alice Crary Chapter 27: Dignity, Respect, and Cognitive Disability Suzy Killmister Chapter 28: On Moral Status and Intellectual Disability: Challenging and Expanding the Debates Licia Carlson Part VI: Intellectual and Psychiatric Disability Chapter 29: Neurodiversity, Autism, and Psychiatric Disability: The Harmful Dysfunction Perspective Jerome C. Wakefield, David Wasserman, and Jordan A. Conrad Chapter 30: Beyond Instrumental Value: Respecting the Will of Others and Deciding on Their Behalf Dana Howard and David Wendler Chapter 31: Educational Justice for People with Intellectual Disabilities Lorella Terzi Part VIII: Technology and Enhancement Chapter 32: A Symmetrical View of Disability and Enhancement Stephen M. Campbell and David Wasserman Chapter 33: Cognitive Disability and Embodied, Extended Minds Zoe Drayson and Andy Clark Chapter 34: The Visible and the Invisible: Disability, Assistive Technology, and Stigma Coreen McGuire and Havi Carel Chapter 35: Neurotechnologies and Justice by, with, and for Disabled People Sara Goering and Eran Klein Chapter 36: Second Thoughts on Enhancement and Disability Melinda C. Hall Part IX: Healthcare Allocation and Assisted Death Chapter 37: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and Disability Discrimination Greg Bognar Chapter 38: Prioritisation and Parity. Which Disabled Newborn Infants Should be Candidates for Scarce Life-Saving Treatment? Dominic JC Wilkinson and Julian Savulescu Part X: Reproduction and Parenting Chapter 39: Why People with Cognitive Disabilities are Justified in Feeling Disquieted by Prenatal Testing and Selective Termination Chris Kaposy Chapter 40: Reproductive Choice, in Context: Avoiding Excess and Deficiency? Richard Hull and Tom Shakespeare Chapter 41: Bioethics, Disability, and Selective Reproductive Technology: Taking Intersectionality Seriously Christian Munthe Chapter 42: Procreation and Intellectual Disability: A Kantian Approach Samuel J. Kerstein Chapter 43: Parental Autonomy, Children with Disabilities, and Horizontal Identities Mary Crossley
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