Griffin on Human Rights

Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 28. August 2014
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-164599-0 (ISBN)
Human rights are one of the most controversial and widely discussed ideas in contemporary politics, ethics, and law. In recent decades, the philosophy of human rights has become one of the most lively areas in philosophy. One of the most significant contributors to the debate has been James Griffin, formerly White's Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Oxford. In his book, On Human Rights, and in other work, Griffin has defended the view that contemporary judicial understandings of human rights rest on an insecure theoretical basis. This has had the result that the language of human rights has been over-extended, and consequently has less force where it really matters. On Griffin's view, human rights are best understood as protections of our agency and personhood, and he argues his case with reference to many real-life human rights cases. Griffin's book has led to a great deal of discussion, and this volume collects several of the most significant responses to Griffin by internationally leading moral and political philosophers. It also includes a response by Griffin himself. The book does not require first-hand knowledge of Griffin's work, and, while being required reading for scholars of human rights, will also make an ideal book for a undergraduate or graduate seminar on human rights.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 1,24 MB
978-0-19-164599-0 (9780191645990)
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Roger Crisp has taught philosophy at St Anne's College, Oxford, for over twenty-five years. He is the author of Reasons and the Good (OUP, 2006), co-editor of Well-Being and Morality: Essays in Honour of James Griffin (with Brad Hooker; Clarendon Press, 2000), and editor of The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics (OUP, 2013).
  • Cover
  • Griffin on Human Rights
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Contents
  • Contributors
  • 1: Two Approaches to Human Rights
  • 2: Taking Rights out of Human Rights
  • I. Human rights without rights?
  • II. Political theories and moral rights
  • The critique of "political" theories of human rights
  • Assumptions about moral rights and their relations to other values
  • III. Characterizing moral rights
  • IV. The grounds of human rights
  • V. Universality and the "naturalist dogma"
  • VI. Human rights in conflict
  • VII. Conclusion
  • References
  • 3: When the Good Alone isn't Good Enough
  • I
  • II
  • III
  • IV
  • V
  • VI
  • VII
  • VIII
  • IX
  • X
  • References
  • 4: The Egalitarianism of Human Rights
  • I. The current state of human rights theory
  • A. Growing philosophical interest in human rights
  • B. What is a philosophical theory of human rights?
  • II. The centrality of the idea of equal status in international human rights
  • A. Dignity and equal status
  • B. A central concern of justification: addressing the charge of parochialism
  • C. Theoretical desiderata
  • D. Reasonable fit, parochialism, and status egalitarianism
  • III. Griffin's theory: human rights as protectors of normative agency
  • A. Grounding human rights in the good
  • B. "Protecting normative agency": a deep ambiguity
  • C. Why Griffin cannot account for the status-egalitarian element of IHR
  • IV. Nickel's "minimally good life" theory
  • A. Nickel's "four secure claims"
  • B. Nickel's theory: a better fit?
  • C. Normative agency or a minimally good life?
  • V. Conclusion
  • 5: Human Rights, Human Agency, and Respect: Extending Griffin's View
  • I
  • II
  • III
  • IV
  • V
  • References
  • 6: Griffin on Human Rights: Form and Substance
  • 1. Form: top-down and bottom-up strategies, Kant, and Mill
  • 2. Substance: which rights?
  • References
  • 7: Personhood versus Human Needs as Grounds for Human Rights
  • References
  • 8: Griffin on Human Rights
  • 1. The concept of human rights
  • 2. Griffin's attacks on rival theories of human rights
  • 3. Human rights grounded in personhood and practicalities
  • 4. Griffin's teleology
  • 9: Griffin on Human Rights to Liberty
  • (Moral) human rights generally
  • Griffin on the human right to liberty
  • References
  • Replies
  • 1. Neither possible nor necessary (Wellman, Tasioulas, Reidy)
  • 2. The distinction between rights and interest (Tasioulas, Reidy)
  • 3. Equality (Buchanan)
  • 4. Pluralism of values and two concepts of ethics (Cruft, Crisp)
  • 5. My fatal dilemma (Tasioulas, Reidy, Cruft, Buchanan)
  • 6. Needs as the ground of human rights (Miller)
  • 7. Consequentialism (Hooker)
  • 8. Liberty (Nickel)
  • Index

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