Rediscovering Pierre Janet

Trauma, Dissociation, and a New Context for Psychoanalysis
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 3. April 2019
  • |
  • 270 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-429-51054-0 (ISBN)
 

Rediscovering Pierre Janet explores the legacy left by the pioneering French psychologist, philosopher and psychotherapist (1859-1947), from the relationship of between Janet and Freud, to the influence of his dissociation theory on contemporary psychotraumatology.

Divided into three parts, the first section places Janetian psychological analysis and psychoanalysis in context with the foundational tenets of psychoanalysis, from Freud to relational theory, before the book explores Janet's work on trauma and dissociation and its influence on contemporary thinking. Part three presents several contemporary psychotherapy approaches directly influenced by Janetian theory, including the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and dissociative identity disorder.

Rediscovering Pierre Janet draws together eminent scholars from a variety of backgrounds, each of whom has developed Janetian constructs according to his or her own theoretical and clinical models. It provides an integrative approach that offers contemporary perspectives on Janet's work, and will be of significant interest to practicing psychoanalysts, psychiatrists and psychotherapists, especially those treating trauma-related dissociative disorders, as well as researchers with an interest in psychological trauma.

  • Englisch
  • Milton
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
1 schwarz-weiße Zeichnungen, 2 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
  • 3,00 MB
978-0-429-51054-0 (9780429510540)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

Giuseppe Craparo, PhD, is a psychologist, psychoanalyst, and associate professor of clinical psychology at the Kore University of Enna, Italy. He is a member of the following associations: American Psychological Association, Italian Psychological Association, Association of Psychoanalytic Studies, International Federation of Psychoanalytic Societies.

Francesca Ortu, PhD, is a psychologist and full professor at "La Sapienza" University of Rome, has investigated issues concerning the origin of psychoanalysis, emphasizing the points of contact with, and distance from, the theories that the French school, and particularly Pierre Janet, were elaborating. She has devoted a series of studies to the analysis of the Janetian theory and its clinical importance.

Onno van der Hart, PhD, is a psychologist, retired psychotherapist, and emeritus professor at Utrecht University. A former president of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and honorary president of L'Association Française Pierre Janet, he is also a member of the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, and the European Society for Trauma and Dissociation.

  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Endorsement Page
  • Series Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Series editor's foreword
  • About the editors and contributors
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1 A reader's guide to Pierre Janet: A neglected intellectual heritage
  • Pierre Janet
  • L'Automatisme Psychologique
  • L'État Mental des Hystériques
  • Névroses et Idées Fixes
  • The Major Symptoms of Hysteria
  • Les Névroses
  • L'État Mental des Hystériques (Second enlarged edition)
  • Les Médications Psychologiques
  • Conclusion
  • Note
  • Chapter 2 From consciousness to subconsciousness: A Janetian perspective
  • Phase I: 1886-1916: The psychology of dissociation
  • Phase II: 1917-1947: The psychology of conduct
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Part I Janet's influence on psychoanalysis
  • Chapter 3 Janet and Freud: Long-time rivals
  • At the court of Charcot
  • The theory of degeneration
  • A life-long rivalry
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4 Janet and Jung: A stimulating relationship
  • Experimental research
  • Dementia praecox
  • Critical issues and developments
  • Personal equation
  • Symbols of Transformation and the origin of neurosis
  • Origin of mental diseases
  • The Red Book
  • Consciousness and unconscious
  • Dreams
  • Psychological types and consciousness
  • Conclusion
  • Note
  • Chapter 5 On not taking just one part of it: Janet's influence on object relations theory
  • Sándor Ferenczi
  • Ronald Fairbairn
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Chapter 6 From Janet to Bromberg, via Ferenczi: Standing in the spaces of the literature on dissociation
  • Repression versus dissociation: Freud and Ferenczi
  • The contribution of Pierre Janet
  • Janet's topicality
  • Splitting and fragmentation of the personality in interpersonal trauma
  • Contemporary views of dissociation and traumatic memories
  • Trauma and dissociation in the contemporary relational approach: The contribution of Philip Bromberg
  • Notes
  • Part III Janet's influence on contemporary psychotraumatology
  • Chapter 7 Reflections on some contributions to contemporary psychotraumatology in the light of Janet's critique of Freud's theories
  • How Janet stated the main differences between his theory and Freud's
  • Narrowing of the field of consciousness or a defence against mental suffering?
  • Different hierarchical levels of mental activity or an unconscious created by ego defences?
  • Multiplicity of psychobiological systems or conflict between Eros and Thanatos?
  • Concluding remarks
  • Note
  • Chapter 8 The holistic project of Pierre Janet: Part One: Disintegration or désagrégation
  • Janet's project
  • The early work: Hysteria
  • Désagrégation and dissociation
  • The hierarchy of consciousness
  • A Jacksonian background?
  • Primary, secondary, and tertiary dissociation
  • Chapter 9 The holistic project of Pierre Janet: Part Two: Oscillations and becomings: From disintegration to integration
  • Disorders of the self
  • Hierarchy of psychological functions
  • Oscillations: Self-states on a continuum
  • From conducts to tendencies
  • La force psychologique: A new parameter
  • La force psychologique: A form of energy
  • Becomings and the human environment
  • Arrested becomings: Developmental trauma
  • Becomings: Janet's perspective on development
  • Becomings: From imitation to analogy
  • Conclusion
  • Note
  • Appendix
  • Chapter 10 Pierre Janet on hallucinations, paranoia, and schizophrenia
  • Historical overview
  • Important Janetian concepts
  • Psychological "force" and "tension"
  • The hierarchy of (action) tendencies
  • Levels of the reality function
  • Feelings (sentiments) as action regulators and social division
  • Schizophrenia
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Assessment and implications
  • Notes
  • Part III Janet's influence on current psychotherapy
  • Chapter 11 The hypnotherapeutic relationship with traumatized patients: Pierre Janet's contributions to current treatment
  • Rapport magnétique
  • L'influence somnambulique and la passion somnambulique
  • The influence of suggestion
  • The persistent thought of the therapist
  • The need for direction
  • The illness of isolation
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix
  • Chapter 12 Pierre Janet's treatment of posttraumatic stress
  • The stages of posttraumatic adaptation
  • Therapeutic rapport and moral guidance
  • "Psychological force" and "psychological tension"
  • Janet's phase-oriented model for the treatment of posttraumatic stress
  • Phase 1: Stabilization and symptom reduction
  • Phase 2: The modification of traumatic memories
  • Phase 3: Personality reintegration and rehabilitation
  • Discussion
  • Chapter 13 Pierre Janet's views on the etiology, pathogenesis, and therapy of dissociative disorders
  • Janet's intellectual background and his place in French psychiatry and medical psychology
  • Etiology of dissociative disorders: Basic disturbances and fixed ideas
  • Personality presentation in dissociative disorders
  • Traumata
  • Pathogenesis of dissociative disorders: Fixed ideas
  • Vulnerability
  • Therapy of conversion disorders and dissociative disorders
  • Uncovering and influencing fixed ideas through psychological analysis
  • Influencing fixed ideas through treatment by suggestion
  • Influencing fixed ideas by rational treatments
  • Janet, cognitive therapy, and other current behavioural therapies
  • Additional interventions
  • Treatment of dissociative stigmata (basic disturbances)
  • Physical or psychophysical therapies
  • Psychoeducation
  • Treatment through rest
  • Simplicity of life
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Chapter 14 Acts of triumph: An interpretation of Pierre Janet and the role of the body in trauma treatment
  • Acts of triumph
  • Restoring acts of triumph
  • Sequential steps to restoring acts of triumph
  • Economy of movement
  • The importance of pleasure
  • Teaching, practice, and mindfulness
  • Conclusion
  • Epilogue: Dissociation in the DSM-5: Your view, S'il vous plaît, Docteur Janet?
  • References
  • Index
"This volume is as much discovery as rediscovery. Pierre Janet's true impact is timeless. Why? Because his enduring relational sensibility is in his prescience. The full power of his `here-and-nowness' can best be appreciated by those who are able to recognize how much they need him. In this magnificent volume, both scholarly and personal, Janet's contribution and the man himself are embodied and come alive in every chapter. It is a book for us, and a `must-read'." Philip M. Bromberg, author, Standing in the Spaces: Clinical Process, Trauma, and Dissociation and others


"Pierre Janet's work, predating Freud's, was the starting place for the effective treatment of serious mental distress. But Janet's concepts are not always easy to understand for English-speaking readers or for readers who have not previously been exposed to his work. This volume of collected articles by international experts, edited by Giuseppe Craparo, Francesca Ortu, and Onno van der Hart, rediscovers and elucidates Janet's concepts, linking them with object relations theory, attachment theory, Ferenczi's work, Jungian theory, and many other current psychotherapies. Together these articles explain the depth and breadth of Janet's concepts. Rediscovering Pierre Janet: Trauma, Dissociation, and a New Context for Psychoanalysis is a must read for all interested in psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, relational, and trauma/dissociation-informed psychotherapies." Elizabeth Howell, PhD, author, The Dissociative Mind and Understanding and Treating Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Relational Approach


"Based on Pierre Janet's unsurpassed pioneering studies, the editors and authors have realized an excellent book, intended for clinicians and researchers, focusing on the complex links between trauma and dissociation. This beautiful integration of Janet's work and current understanding is bound to open up new directions in theory and clinical practice. We should be grateful to Giuseppe Craparo, Francesca Ortu, and Onno van der Hart, for this most inspiring work, destined to become a classic of international psychology." Francoise Pasqualin, President of the Association Francaise Pierre Janet (AFPJ); and Bernard Mayer, co-founder of the AFPJ
 

"This volume is as much discovery as rediscovery. Pierre Janet's true impact is timeless. Why? Because his enduring <i>relational </i>sensibility is in his prescience. The <i>full </i>power of his `here-and-nowness' can best be appreciated by those who are able to recognize how much they need him. In this magnificent volume, both scholarly and personal, Janet's contribution and the man himself are embodied and come alive in every chapter. It is a book for <i>us</i>, and a `must-read'." <b>Philip M. Bromberg</b>, author, <i>Standing in the Spaces: Clinical Process, Trauma, and Dissociation </i>and others


"Pierre Janet's work, predating Freud's, was the starting place for the effective treatment of serious mental distress. But Janet's concepts are not always easy to understand for English-speaking readers or for readers who have not previously been exposed to his work. This volume of collected articles by international experts, edited by Giuseppe Craparo, Francesca Ortu, and Onno van der Hart, rediscovers and elucidates Janet's concepts, linking them with object relations theory, attachment theory, Ferenczi's work, Jungian theory, and many other current psychotherapies. Together these articles explain the depth and breadth of Janet's concepts. <i>Rediscovering Pierre Janet: Trauma, Dissociation, and a New Context for Psychoanalysis </i>is a must read for all interested in psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, relational, and trauma/dissociation-informed psychotherapies." <b>Elizabeth Howell</b>, PhD, author, <i>The Dissociative Mind</i> and <i>Understanding and Treating Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Relational Approach</i>


<i>"Based on Pierre Janet's unsurpassed pioneering studies, the editors and authors have realized an excellent book, intended for clinicians and researchers, focusing on the complex links between trauma and dissociation. This beautiful integration of Janet's work and current understanding is bound to open up new directions in theory and clinical practice. We should be grateful to Giuseppe Craparo, Francesca Ortu, and Onno van der Hart, for this most inspiring work, destined to become a classic of international psychology." <b>Francoise Pasqualin</b>, President of the Association Francaise Pierre Janet (AFPJ); and <b>Bernard Mayer</b>, co-founder of the AFPJ </i>

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