Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses - E-Book

 
 
Churchill Livingstone Title (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 11. August 2011
  • |
  • 398 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-7020-4668-1 (ISBN)
 

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The Evidence-based Practice Manual successfully breaks down the skills for evidence-based nursing into manageable components. The reader will learn how to find, critically read and interpret a range of research studies, and will discover optimal approaches to helping patients reach decisions that are informed by the best-available evidence. The more-strategic concepts of developing an organisational evidence-based culture and making evidence-based changes at organisational level are the focus of the final section.

  • Step-by-step guide to finding, appraising and applying research evidence in nursing

  • Teaches skills for successfully reviewing published literature:

    • formulating a focused question

    • developing a search strategy for efficient retrieval of relevant studies

    • appraising the retrieved studies

    • All examples are relevant to nurses and nursing

    • Reflects contemporary nursing issues
    • A new chapter on 'Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with the individual patient' provides practical guidance and tools for decision-making

    • A new chapter on 'Using evidence from qualitative studies' explains the complexities of qualitative methodologies and methods in a simple, easily understood way

    Online exercises and solutions

      • Help the reader test out and consolidate newly acquired skills and knowledge

        • Provide an opportunity to critically appraise studies with the following range of designs:

          • qualitative research

          • a randomised controlled trial

          • a cohort study

          • a case control study

          • a diagnostic test accuracy study

          • a systematic review

          • a clinical guideline

          • Example solutions are provided, all written by experts in the field.
          • Englisch
          • London
          • Höhe: 216 mm
          • |
          • Breite: 138 mm
          • |
          • Dicke: 0 mm
          • 4,44 MB
          978-0-7020-4668-1 (9780702046681)
          070204668X (070204668X)
          weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
          • Front Cover
          • The Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses
          • Copyright
          • Contents
          • Contributors
          • Preface
          • Section 1: The context for evidence-based practice
          • Chapter 1: Evidence-based practice in nursing
          • Evidence-based health care: what is it and why do we need it?
          • The evidence-based movement across health care
          • A wide range of evidence bases relevant to nursing practice
          • Challenges
          • Frameworks for evidence-based practice
          • Workforce competencies for evidence-based practice
          • Welcome developments
          • References
          • Section 2: Skills for evidence-based practice
          • Chapter 2: How to ask the right question
          • Introduction
          • Information for effective nursing care
          • Turning information needs into focused questions
          • A framework for formulating questions
          • Scenario 2.1
          • Scenario 2.2
          • Scenario 2.3
          • Prioritising questions
          • Questions for research
          • Questions and research evidence aren't enough
          • Exercise
          • Summary
          • References
          • Chapter 3: Searching the literature
          • Introduction
          • Where is research information found?
          • Getting help with database searching
          • Basic search principles
          • Where to search first
          • Online search tools to assist finding evidence from this hierarchy
          • Other gateways to healthcare information
          • Lists and links to healthcare websites
          • Further advice on internet resources and searching
          • Reflecting on resources
          • An example search on the MEDLINE database (PubMed version)
          • Common queries regarding searching
          • Tips for more advanced users
          • Searching for a systematic review
          • Practising your search skills
          • Summary
          • References
          • Further reading
          • Electronic databases
          • Useful websites
          • Chapter 4: Using evidence from qualitative studies
          • Introduction
          • What is qualitative research?
          • The role of qualitative research in evidence-based practice
          • Appraising qualitative studies
          • So...which questions should be asked when appraising qualitative work?
          • Mixed methods research
          • Conclusion
          • Exercise
          • References
          • Further reading
          • Chapter 5: Using evidence from quantitative studies
          • Introduction
          • Hierarchy of evidence
          • Why is critical appraisal necessary?
          • Are the results of the study valid?
          • Is the study design appropriate for the clinical question?
          • What do the results of the study mean for my patients?
          • Can I apply the results in my clinical setting?
          • Summary
          • Acknowledgements
          • References
          • Further reading
          • Chapter 6: Using evidence from systematic reviews
          • What are systematic reviews?
          • Cochrane Systematic Reviews
          • Critical appraisal of systematic reviews
          • Understanding meta-analysis
          • How can systematic reviews inform practice?
          • Summary
          • References
          • Further Reading/Internet Resources
          • Chapter 7: Evidence-based guidelines
          • Introduction
          • Guideline characteristics
          • National or local guideline development
          • Prioritising topic areas for guideline development
          • What makes a good guideline? An introduction to the methodology of guideline development
          • Example of an evidence-based guideline
          • Appraising published guidelines
          • Adapting nationally developed guidelines for local use
          • Patient versions of guidelines
          • Introducing the guideline into practice
          • Evaluating the effectiveness of clinical guidelines in nursing and allied health professions
          • Benefits and disbenefits of clinical guidelines
          • Conclusion
          • References
          • Appendix 7.1
          • Useful Websites
          • Chapter 8: Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with individual patients
          • Introduction
          • Does the evidence fit?
          • Strategies for decision-making
          • Evaluating patient preferences
          • Shared decision-making
          • Explaining evidence to patients
          • Decision aids and decision support
          • Summary
          • References
          • Further Reading/Internet Resources
          • Section 3: The process of changing practice
          • Chapter 9: Using research evidence to change how services are delivered
          • Introduction
          • How is this relevant to me?
          • Approaches to changing services
          • Attitudes and barriers to using research evidence
          • Key components of service change
          • Summary
          • Exercise
          • References
          • Chapter 10: How can we develop an evidence-based culture?
          • Introduction
          • National imperatives
          • What does an evidence-based culture look like?
          • Step one: diagnosing the challenges to changing practice - understanding complexity
          • Step two: how can evidence-based innovation and culture be encouraged?
          • Step three: how can change happen?
          • Making the most of what is on offer: why 'passive' approaches to change may not be as bad as we think
          • Real-life examples of changing practice and culture
          • Conclusion: culture, practice change and evidence-based health care
          • References
          • Glossary
          • Index

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