Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Europe and Latin America

Crossing Borders
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 2. November 2018
  • |
  • 312 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-39885-5 (ISBN)

What drove the horizontal spread of authoritarianism and corporatism between Europe and Latin America in the 20th century? What processes of transnational diffusion were in motion and from where to where? In what type of 'critical junctures' were they adopted and why did corporatism largely transcend the cultural background of its origins? What was the role of intellectual-politicians in the process? This book will tackle these issues by adopting a transnational and comparative research design encompassing a wide range of countries.

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António Costa Pinto is Research Professor at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon. His research interests include fascism and authoritarianism, political elites and democratization. He is the author of The Nature of Fascism Revisited (2012), and he co-edited Rethinking Fascism and Dictatorship in Europe (2014) and Corporatism and Fascism. The Corporatist Wave in Europe (2017).

Federico Finchelstein is Professor of history at the New School for Social Research, New York. He is the author of several books on fascism, populism, the Holocaust and Jewish history in Europe and Latin America, including Transatlantic Fascism (2010), The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War (2014) and From Fascism to Populism in History (2017).

  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Series Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of illustrations
  • List of contributors
  • Preface and acknowledgements
  • 1. The worlds of authoritarian corporatism in Europe and Latin America
  • Social and political corporatism during the first wave of democratization
  • The book
  • Experiences
  • Notes
  • 2. Corporatism and Italian Fascism
  • The crisis of the liberal order
  • 30 October 1922: from liberalism to dictatorship
  • First steps towards the corporatist state
  • The foundations of the corporatist state (1928-1939)
  • The Chamber of Fasces and Corporations
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • 3. Intellectuals in the mirror of fascist corporatism at the turning point of the mid-thirties
  • Through the looking-glass
  • Great expectations
  • The civilization of labour
  • Notes
  • 4. Self-fashioning of a conservative revolutionary: Salazar's integral corporatism and the international networks of the 1930s
  • António Oliveira Salazar's ideological upbringing
  • Towards the Estado Novo
  • International reception
  • Fighting for a third way in the international fascism arena: Une Revolution dans la Paix (and Comme on Relève un État)
  • Objective diffusion, some examples
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • 5. Mihail Manoilescu and the debate and practice of corporatism in Romania
  • A rising star: Manoilescu's political beginnings
  • Toward political prominence: Manoilescu as the king's main collaborator
  • A theoretician and practitioner of corporatism: Manoilescu in the 1930s
  • Corporatism and the debate over Romania's path of development
  • Manoilescu and the Legion of 'Archangel Michael': a troubled co-operation
  • A corporatist experiment: Carol II's royal dictatorship, 1938-1940
  • Notes
  • 6. Corporations against corporatism in Quisling Norway, 1940-1950s
  • Short historical background
  • Party and state: the corporatist ideas of Quisling's Nasjonal Samling
  • Resistance against 'corporatism from above'
  • The structure of 'clandestine corporatism'
  • Opposition corporatist projects in exile and in occupied Norway
  • Concluding remarks
  • Notes
  • 7. Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Latin America: the first wave
  • The diffusion of corporatism in Latin America: the humus of social Catholicism, Action Française and fascism
  • The 1930s authoritarian wave in Latin America
  • Uriburu and the failed corporatist dictatorship in Argentina
  • Peru under Sanchez Cerro and Benavides
  • Rafael Franco and the 'Febrerista' regime in Paraguay
  • The Bolivia of David Toro: 'military socialism' with a fascist overtone
  • Gabriel Terra and Uruguayan dictablanda
  • The New State of Getúlio Vargas: the primacy of social corporatism in Brazil
  • Concluding remarks
  • Notes
  • 8. From Rome to Latin America: the transatlantic influence of fascist corporatism
  • From 'ghost' to 'wave': a scholarship turn
  • The birth of a new corporatist model in Europe, and its political outcomes
  • Crossed views between New Deal and fascist corporatism
  • Hybridizations: corporatist waves in Latin America
  • Notes
  • 9. A travelling intellectual of a travelling theory: Ramiro de Maeztu as a transnational agent of corporatism
  • Finis Hispaniae: the generation of '98
  • London calling
  • Fellowship, guild and function
  • The corporatist turn
  • Order, Catholicism and dictatorship
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • 10. Fascism and corporatism in the thought of Oliveira Vianna: a creative appropriation
  • The 1920s: Oliveira Vianna, theorist of the 'social question' in Brazil
  • The 1930s: Oliveira Vianna, theorist of the Brazilian route to authoritarian corporatism: elements for a new reading of the concept of 'instrumental authoritarianism'
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • 11. Law and legal networks in the interwar corporatist turn: the case of Brazil and Portugal
  • Law in the Luso-Brazilian world
  • Critiques of liberalism
  • Corporatist constitutionalism
  • Public versus private: defining corporatist law
  • Concluding remarks: legality in authoritarian contexts
  • Notes
  • 12. The appropriation of Manoilescu's The Century of Corporatism in Vargas's Brazil
  • Azevedo Amaral and the translation of O século do corporativismo
  • Azevedo Amaral reads Manoilesco: economics, politics and the nation-state
  • O Século do corporativismo and the theory of international trade
  • O Estado autoritário and Azevedo Amaral's corporatism
  • Notes
  • 13. Corporatism, dictatorship and populism in Argentina
  • Dictatorial corporatism in a global context
  • Argentine fascism and Anti-communist corporatism
  • Conclusion: Peronism and a new post-dictatorial corporatism
  • Notes
  • 14. Nationalist authoritarianism and corporatism in Chile
  • Corporatist-nationalism in Chile
  • Political crisis and corporatist nationalism
  • Catholic nationalism
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • 15. The global circulation of corporatism: concluding remarks
  • Corporatism and fascism
  • Global circulations
  • Brokering figures
  • Fascism and democracy
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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