Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

A Human Systems Integration Perspective
Wiley (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 12. August 2016
  • |
  • 280 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-96589-4 (ISBN)
Highlights the human components of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, their interactions with the technology and each other, and the implications of human capabilities and limitations for the larger system
* Considers human factors issues associated with RPAS, but within the context of a very large system of people, other vehicles, policy, safety concerns, and varying applications
* Chapters have been contributed by world class experts in HSI and those with operational RPAS experience
* Considers unintended consequences associated with taking a more myopic view of this system
* Examines implications for practice, policy, and research
* Considers both civil and military aspects of RPAS
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 7,60 MB
978-1-118-96589-4 (9781118965894)
1118965892 (1118965892)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Preface vii
Author Biographies ix
1 Human Systems Integration for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems 1
Nancy J. Cooke and Valerie Gawron
2 Evolution of Human Systems Integration for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems 15
Sharon L. Conwell, John E. Stewart, Matthew J. Martin, and Lawrence G. Shattuck
3 Policy Issues of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems 40
Phyllis E. Johnson, Barry Milavetz, John Jay Miller, DeForest Q. Joralmon, and Zane Brown
4 Ground Control Systems 63
Valerie J. Gawron, Keven Gambold, Scott Scheff, and Jay Shively
5 Human-Autonomy Collaboration and Coordination Toward Multi-RPA Missions 109
Gloria L. Calhoun, Michael A. Goodrich, John R. Dougherty, and Julie A. Adams
6 Selection Methods for Operators of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems 137
Thomas R. Carretta, Mark R. Rose, and Kenneth T. Bruskiewicz
7 Training Issues for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems from a Human Systems Integration Perspective 163
Winston Bennett, Jr.; John B. Bridewell, Leah J. Rowe, Scotty D. Craig, and Hans M. Poole
8 Psychosocial Effects of Remote Operations 177
Nancy J. Cooke, Kristen Barrera, Howard Weiss, and Claude Ezzell
9 Integrating Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System 197
Kelly Neville and Kevin Williams
10 The Path Forward for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems 223
John P. Riganati and George Harrison
Index 241

Author Biographies

Julie A. Adams

Dr Julie A. Adams is a Professor of Computer Science and Computer Engineering at Vanderbilt University where she leads the Human-Machine Teaming Laboratory. She earned her MSE and PhD in Computer and Information Sciences from the University of Pennsylvania. She holds a BS in Computer Science and a BBA in Accounting from Siena College. Dr Adams has over 115 refereed publications in the areas of multiple robot coalition formation, unmanned ground and aerial vehicles, human-robot interaction, human-computer interaction, and complex human-machine systems. She received the NSF Career Award and was a member of the DARPA Computer Science Study Panel. She is an associate editor for the IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, a senior editor of the Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making. Dr Adams served as a member of the National Research Council's Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Review Panel on Soldier Systems. She has served as the Vice President of Human-Machine Systems for IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society and currently serves on the society's Board of Governors. Dr Adams has served as co-chair of the Human-Robot Interaction Steering Committee and is the General Co-chair for the 2015 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. Prior to joining Vanderbilt, Dr Adams was an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Rochester Institute of Technology. Before returning to academia, she worked in Human Factors for Honeywell, Inc. and the Eastman Kodak Company from 1995 to 2000. Dr Adams was also an Adjunct Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Rochester from 1999 to 2000.

Kristen M. Barrera

Kristen M. Barrera is a Research Psychologist at the Air Force Research Laboratory, 711th Human Performance Wing, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Warfighter Readiness Research Division in the Continuous Learning and Performance Assessment Branch. She is the principal for the Generalized Live, Virtual, and Constructive Training-Research Testbed where she leads researchers, engineers, and subject matter experts in the development of an operationally rich training research environment for military and civilian first responders. She holds an M.S.H.S. in Emergency and Disaster Management and is presently pursuing a doctorate degree in General Psychology. Her research interests include individual and team training and performance measurement.

Winston "Wink" Bennett, Jr.

Dr Winston "Wink" Bennett, Jr. is the Technical Advisor for the Warfighter Readiness Research Division located at Wright Patterson AFB Ohio. He is an Air Force Research Laboratory Research Fellow and a Fellow of the American Psychological Association. He is currently leading research developing methods to monitor and routinely assess individual and team performance across live and virtual environments and evaluating game-based approaches for training, work design, and job restructuring. Wink maintains an active presence in the international research community through his work on various professional committees and his contributions in textbooks, professional journal publications and related science and technology forums. He is an Associate Editor for the Journal of Military Psychology and serves on the editorial board for the Journal of Human Performance. He received his Ph.D. in Industrial Organizational Psychology from Texas A&M University in 1995.

John B. Bridewell

Dr John Bridewell is a Professor of Aviation at the University of North Dakota. He holds an Airline Transport Pilot certificate and has been a Certified Flight Instructor since 1972. He is the Director of the UND Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems Research, Education and Training and Assistant Chair of UAS for the Department of Aviation. Present research focuses on defining and refining training methodologies and technologies in cooperation with the Air Force Research Laboratory, 711th Human Performance Wing, Warfighter Readiness Research Division. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in manned and unmanned aircraft systems. Dr Bridewell is an active member and educational trustee for the University Aviation Association and promotes the development of remotely piloted aircraft systems research, education, and training within a collegiate aviation context.

Zane Brown

Zane Brown is a Subject Matter Expert, Consultant, Instructor Pilot and a Director of the Great Lakes Assessment and Research Enterprise (GLARE), a non-profit UAS consortium. He has over 30 years of aviation experience in matters relating to Aerospace, Airspace and Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). Zane retired at the rank of Colonel in the USAF with an extensive background flying fighter and large transport category aircraft with USAF and NATO partner air forces. Along with his military background, Zane has over 22 years of civil aviation experience flying for a major airline. He has considerable experience in the areas of Flight Operations and the Command environment, Human Factors, Safety, Domestic Operations and Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA) missions as they relate to aviation. Zane spent several years specifically working issues on behalf of the State of Ohio regarding the civil use of UAS. He facilitated the stand-up of the Ohio/Indiana UAS Test Center, the development of the Ohio Department of Transportation's UAS program and spearheaded the use of UAS in Domestic Operations environments.

Kenneth T. Bruskiewicz

Ken Bruskiewicz, MA, is a Managing Research Scientist at PDRI, where he has directed many applied organizational research projects for a variety of government and private sector clients. He received his MA in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the University of Minnesota in 1995. His primary research interests are in the areas of personnel selection, performance measurement, research methods, and statistics. Mr. Bruskiewicz is a two-time co-recipient of the M. Scott Myers Award for Applied Research in the Workplace (2000 and 2012), awarded by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He has presented the results of his work to many professional and academic audiences, such as the American Psychological Association, the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, the Military Testing Association, and the International Symposium on Aviation Psychology.

Gloria L. Calhoun

Gloria Calhoun (MA Human Performance) is a Senior Engineering Research Psychologist at the Air Force Research Laboratory. She began her career in 1974 as a support contractor. Her ensuing research on multifunction controls and display formats informed F-16 and F-18 platforms and others of today's "glass cockpits." In 1982, she began her Air Force career, evaluating several head-up, hands-free interfaces including spatial aural cues, eye line-of-sight control, speech recognition, and brain actuated control. Around 2002, her interface research focused on remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) control including more efficient speech-based control versus manually navigating menu pages, wrist-worn tactile display for alerts, and several applications of synthetic vision technology (e.g., expanding the effective camera field-of-view to mitigate the current "soda straw" view problem). In response to the Air Force's vision for more capable RPA systems, Ms. Calhoun then initiated research to address operator-automation interfaces. She led the design and evaluation of a temporal control/display tool and sense-and-avoid system interface. She also evaluated alternative automation schemes, including a direct comparison of performance-based adaptive versus adaptable automation. The results, besides highlighting control scheme trade-offs, suggested that operator personality influences automation usage. Her follow-on research also extended adaptable automation approaches to create a multi-level flexible control whereby the automation's role can be tailored to better support multi-RPA applications. Ms. Calhoun has authored over 120 publications, included 6 book chapters. She has served on several NATO/RTO groups and conference program committees, has held offices in professional chapters, and is an ad hoc reviewer for 8 journals. In 2013 she was elected for Fellow status in the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Thomas R. Carretta

Thomas R. Carretta received a PhD in psychology from the University of Pittsburgh. He is a Senior Research Psychologist at the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) in the Supervisory Control and Cognition Branch of the Human Effectiveness Directorate and conducts research regarding human factors issues in human-system interface development for unmanned systems. He also acts as a consultant to the Air Force Personnel Center and Accession Policy on personnel selection and classification issues including test development and validation and the role of general and specific abilities in skill acquisition. He is the US Air Force technical representative to the Manpower Accession Policy Working Group which oversees issues related to military enlistment qualification, selection, and classification. His professional interests include personnel measurement, selection, classification, individual and group differences, and research methods. He is an editorial board member for the International Journal of Selection and Assessment and Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors and is a reviewer for several other journals. He has published over 80 journal...

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