Scriptures and Sectarianism

Essays on the Dead Sea Scrolls
Mohr Siebeck (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 18. September 2014
  • |
  • 329 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-16-153211-5 (ISBN)
The Dead Sea Scrolls include many texts that were produced by a sectarian movement (and also many that were not). The movement had its origin in disputes about the interpretation of the Scriptures, especially the Torah, not in disputes about the priesthood as had earlier been assumed. The definitive break with the rest of Judean society should be dated to the first century BCE rather than to the second. While the Scrolls include few texts that are explicitly historical, they remain a valuable resource for historical reconstruction. John J. Collins illustrates how the worldview of the sect involved a heightened sense of involvement in the heavenly, angelic world, and the hope for an afterlife in communion with the angels. While the ideology of the sect known from the Scrolls is very different from that of early Christianity, the two movements drew on common traditions, especially those found in the Hebrew Scriptures.
  • Englisch
  • Tübingen
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  • Deutschland
  • 4,00 MB
978-3-16-153211-5 (9783161532115)
3161532112 (3161532112)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Preface
  • Table of Contents
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter One. Introduction. What Have We Learned from the Dead Sea Scrolls?
  • The origin of the collection
  • The Scrolls and the Bible
  • The phenomenon of re-written scriptures
  • A biblical canon?
  • The Scrolls and Judaism
  • The Scrolls and Christianity
  • Conclusion
  • Part One: Scripture and Interpretation
  • Chapter Two. The Transformation of the Torah in Second Temple Judaism
  • The transformation of Torah
  • Ancestral law in the Hellenistic period
  • Antiochus Epiphanes
  • The Temple Scroll and Jubilees
  • Halakah and Sectarianism
  • Chapter Three. Changing Scripture
  • The case of Deuteronomy
  • The second century BCE
  • Rewritten Scriptures
  • Jubilees
  • The Temple Scroll
  • The question of fraud
  • Chapter Four. Tradition and Innovation in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The nature of the Scrolls collection
  • The sectarian ideology
  • Pseudepigrapha in the Scrolls
  • The Torah re-written
  • The sectarian view of revelation
  • The role of the Teacher
  • An oral tradition?
  • A distinctive view of tradition
  • Scripture and interpretation
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Five. The Interpretation of Genesis in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The earliest interpretations
  • Ben Sira
  • Wisdom texts in the Scrolls
  • 4QInstruction
  • The Instruction on the Two Spirits
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Six. The Interpretation of Psalm 2
  • The relation between 2 Samuel 7 and Psalm 2 in 4Q174
  • The messianic interpretation of Psalm 2
  • Psalm 2 in the Pseudepigrapha
  • The Psalms of Solomon
  • The Similitudes of Enoch
  • 4 Ezra 13
  • The Scrolls
  • The Florilegium again
  • Chapter Seven. The Book of Daniel and the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Explicit citations
  • Allusions to Daniel in sectarian literature
  • Texts related to Daniel
  • The Prayer of Nabonidus (4QPrNab)
  • The Pseudo-Daniel texts
  • The Aramaic Apocalypse
  • The Four Kingdoms Text
  • Conclusion
  • Part Two: History and Sectarianism
  • Chapter Eight. Historiography in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Apocalyptic Historiography
  • The Pesharim
  • Historiographical texts among the Scrolls
  • The so-called "annalistic lists"
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Nine. Reading for History in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The Damascus Document
  • The Hodayot
  • The Pesharim
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Ten. "Enochic Judaism" and the Sect of the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The Essenes
  • The Hasidim
  • A split in the emerging movement
  • "The Qumran Community"
  • The Essenes revisited
  • Enochic Judaism and the Scrolls
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Eleven. Sectarian Consciousness in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The yahad
  • Creation and Election
  • 4QInstruction
  • Part Three: The Sectarian Worldview
  • Chapter Twelve. Covenant and Dualism in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Covenantal Nomism
  • A sectarian covenant?
  • The Two Spirits
  • Persian dualism
  • The provenance of the Instruction
  • Covenant and dualism
  • Chapter Thirteen. The Angelic Life
  • Angelic afterlife
  • Angelic afterlife in the Scrolls
  • Fellowship with the angels in this life
  • The Yahad
  • The Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice
  • Personal transformation
  • Permanent or temporary transformation
  • Resurrection and transformation
  • Chapter Fourteen. The Essenes and the Afterlife
  • Josephus and Hippolytus
  • Essene eschatology according to Josephus
  • Does Josephus reflect a Semitic belief?
  • The evidence of the rule books
  • Hippolytus and the Scrolls
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Fifteen. Prayer and the Meaning of Ritual in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The Meaninglessness of Ritual?
  • Prayer in Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Discourse and ritual in covenant renewal
  • Confession and ablution
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Sixteen. The Eschatologizing of Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The eschatology of 4QInstruction
  • Engraved is the ordinance
  • An inheritance of glory
  • Wisdom and Eschatology
  • The derivation of eschatological wisdom
  • 4QInstruction and the Dead Sea sect
  • Epilogue
  • Chapter Seventeen. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament. The Case of the Suffering Servant
  • The Essenes and the New Testament
  • A foretaste of Christianity?
  • Debate renewed in the 1990's
  • The "suffering servant"
  • The servant in the Hodayot
  • The Self-Exaltation Hymn
  • 4Q541
  • Servant and messiah?
  • The Servant and Jesus
  • A common scripture
  • Bibliography
  • Index of Ancient Names and Sobriquets
  • Index of Modern Authors
  • Index of Scripture and Other Ancient Sources

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