A New Introduction to Jurisprudence

Legality, Legitimacy and the Foundations of the Law
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 8. April 2019
  • |
  • 222 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-429-65548-7 (ISBN)
 

A New Introduction to Jurisprudence takes one of the central problems of law and jurisprudence as its point of departure: what is the law? Adopting an intermediate position between legal positivism and natural law, this book reflects on the concept of 'liberal democracy' or 'constitutional democracy'.

In five chapters the book analyses: (i) the idea of higher law, (ii) liberal democracy as a legitimate model for the state, (iii) the separation of church and state or secularism as essential for the democratic state, (iv) the universality of higher law principles, (v) the history of modern political thought.

This interdisciplinary approach to jurisprudence is relevant for legal scholars, philosophers, political theorists, public intellectuals, historians, and politicians.

1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
978-0-429-65548-7 (9780429655487)

Paul Cliteur is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is the author of The Secular Outlook (2010) and Theoterrorism v. Freedom of Speech (forthcoming).

Afshin Ellian is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He edited The State of Exception and Militant Democracy in a Time of Terror (2012) and Counterterrorism after the IS-Caliphate (forthcoming).

Preface





Chapter 1: Legality and Legitimacy in Natural Law and Legal Positivism








Five Characteristics of Natural Law







Plato







Teleology







Man as a Rational Being







Metaphysical Principles







Absolute Validity







A Touchstone







Objections







Sein and Sollen







Empty Formulas







Feelings







Evaluation of the Objections







Lon Fuller







Natural Law, a Form of Morality?







Judge and Conductor







Ubi Societas, Ibi Ius







Again: Empty Formulas







Alternative Natural Law







Perelman and Hayek







Hayek on Spontaneous Order







Tradition







A Touchstone for the Law







Gustav Radbruch







H.L.A. Hart







The Hart-Fuller Debate







A Synthesis







Lex Iniusta Non Est Lex?








Chapter 2: Democracy and the Rule of Law as a Legitimate Form of Government








Postmodernism







Liberal Democracy







Democracy







The Rule of Law and "Rechtsstaat"







Five Principles of the Rule of Law







The GPM







Humanism







Humanism and the Rule of Law







The Tension Between Entrenchment and Democracy







Paine and Burke







Judicial Review







Contradictions Between the GPM







Two Consequences







The End Thesis Revisited








Chapter 3: The Separation of Church and State








Bishop Nazir-Ali







Nazir-Ali Under Criticism







Theoterrorism and the Agnostic State







The Atheist State







The Theocratic State







Saudi-Arabia as a Theocratic State







Prosecutions and Executions







Cruel Punishments







Phinehas and Moses







Who Are We These Days?







State Religions







The Multiculturalist State







The Agnostic State







Western?







The French Laicite








Chapter 4: The Universality of Values and Principles








Cultural Conflicts







Live and Let Live







Female Genital Mutilation







The Conflict Defined







Acceptance on the Basis of Respect







Cultural Relativism







Six Cultural Relativists







Herodotus







The Sophists







Protagoras







Montaigne







Sumner







Folkways







Benedict







Socially Approved Habits







Westermarck







Stace, Bloom, and Bork







Dickens and Kipling







Seven Elements of Cultural Relativism







Dworkin on Critical Morality







Critical Morality and Cultural Anthropology







Consistency







Practical Objections







Universality is Indispensable







Hamed Abdel-Samad








Chapter 5: The Classical Foundations of Modern Law








A Modern Worldview







From the Middle Ages to Modern Times







Descartes







Penal Law and Modernity







Enlightenment







Social Contract Theories







Hobbes







Rousseau







Human Rights







Rousseau and Hobbes Revisited








Index

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