The Right Tools for the Job

At Work in Twentieth-Century Life Sciences
Princeton University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 14. Juli 2014
  • |
  • 378 Seiten
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978-1-4008-6313-6 (ISBN)

This volume examines scientific practice through studies of research tools in an array of twentieth-century life sciences. The contributors draw upon and extend the multidisciplinary perspectives in current science studies to understand the processes through which scientific researchers constructed the right--and, in some cases, the wrong--tools for the job. The articles portray the crafting or accessing of specific materials, techniques, instruments, models, funds, and work arrangements involved in doing scientific work. They demonstrate the historical and local contingencies of scientific problem construction and solving by highlighting the articulation between the tools and jobs. Indeed, the very "rightness" of the tools is contingently constructed, maintained, lost, and refashioned.

The cases examined include evolutionary biology laboratory systems (James R. Griesemer), the plasmid prep procedure in molecular biology (Kathleen Jordan and Michael Lynch), models in the human ecology of African pastoralists (Peter Taylor), the micromanometer in metabolic studies (Frederic L. Holmes), genetics research and the role played by Planaria (Gregg Mitman and Anne Fausto-Sterling) and by corn (Barbara A. Kimmelman), quantitative data in field biology (Yrj Haila), taxidermy in natural history (Susan Leigh Star), technical standardization in bacteriology (Patricia Peck Gossell), and the discipline of immunology as the tool for stabilizing conceptual definitions in the field (Peter Keating, Alberto Cambrosio, and Michael Mackenzie).

Originally published in 1992.

The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Course Book
  • Englisch
  • Princeton
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  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • Fixed format
  • 18,64 MB
978-1-4008-6313-6 (9781400863136)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Edited by Adele E. Clarke & Joan H. Fujimura
	Contributors	 	Acknowledgments	 Pt. 1	Introduction	 1	What Tools? Which Jobs? Why Right?	3 Pt. II	Co-Constructing Tools, Jobs, and Rightness	 2	The Role of Instruments in the Generative Analysis of Science	47 3	The Sociology of a Genetic Engineering Technique: Ritual and Rationality in the Performance of the "Plasmid Prep"	77 4	Re/constructing Socioecologies: System Dynamics Modeling of Nomadic Pastoralists in Sub-Saharan Africa	115 Pt. III	Disciplining the Tools	 5	Manometers, Tissue Slices, and Intermediary Metabolism	151 6	Whatever Happened to Planaria? C. M. Child and the Physiology of Inheritance	172 7	Organisms and Interests in Scientific Research: R. A. Emerson's Claims for the Unique Contributions of Agricultural Genetics	198 8	Measuring Nature: Quantitative Data in Field Biology	233 Pt. IV	Changing Constructions of Tools, Jobs, and Rightness	 9	Craft vs. Commodity, Mess vs. Transcendence: How the Right Tool Became the Wrong One in the Case of Taxidermy and Natural History	257 10	A Need for Standard Methods: The Case of American Bacteriology	287 11	The Tools of the Discipline: Standards, Models, and Measures in the Affinity/Avidity Controversy in Immunology	312 	Index	355

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