Oracular Law and Priestly Historiography in the Torah

Mohr Siebeck (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 19. November 2014
  • |
  • 353 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-16-153342-6 (ISBN)
In this study, Simeon Chavel establishes the existence of a distinct type of story within the Torah, the 'oracular novella,' traces its contours and poetics, identifies its historical background, and analyzes its use. The oracular novella is a very short story with a legal climax, in which divine adjudication and legislation resolves human complication. In a spartan style, the narrative recounts how an incident or set of circumstances in Israel led through oracular inquiry of Moses to legal resolution by Yahweh. The Torah contains four oracular novellas, all in the Priestly History, two action stories and two situation stories: a man curses Yahweh (Lev 24:10-23), a man gathers wood on the Sabbath (Num 15:32-36), impurity of certain Israelites at the time of the Pesa? threatens to cut them off forever (Num 9:1-14), and the name of a man who died without sons to possess his portion in Canaan stands to go to oblivion (Num 27:1-11). Each utilizes the legal climax differently as an expressive ideological moment; each was composed, incorporated, and revised separately and differently; and each had a different effect on prior and subsequent biblical literature. But all function similarly within the Priestly History to dramatize a set of principles and themes in the immediately preceding divine legislative speeches and divinely directed activities. Ancient court records and biblical materials show the oracular novellas to adapt a form of priestly activity for historiographical purposes. As a group, they illuminate the Priestly History as a narrative founded on a deep and extensive troping of divine will as law and legislation, and highlight how Judean priests cherished oracular inquiry as the nexus of divine and human society.
  • Englisch
  • Tübingen
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  • Deutschland
  • 5,24 MB
978-3-16-153342-6 (9783161533426)
3161533429 (3161533429)
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  • Cover
  • Acknowledgements
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Introduction: Four Oracular Novellas
  • Novella I. Lev 24:10 - 23
  • 1. The Identity of the Criminal
  • 2. The Crime
  • 3. The Laws of Bloodshed and Disfigurement
  • 4. The Story
  • 5. The Oracular Novella and the Holiness Code
  • Novella II. Num 9:1 - 14
  • 1. The Composition of the Three Segments of the Narrative
  • 2. The Location of the Oracular Novella
  • 3. The Literary Background of the Oracular Novella
  • a) The influence of Exodus 12 and the rest of the Priestly History
  • b) Points of contact with Deuteronomy 16 and Deuteronomistic Literature
  • 4. The Historical Background of the Deferred Pesa?
  • Novella III. Num 15:32 - 36
  • 1. The Form of the Oracular Novella and Other Priestly Texts about the Sabbath
  • 2. The Relationship with the Oracular Novella in Lev 24:10 - 23
  • 3. The Relationship with the Texts of Numbers 15
  • Novella IV. Num 27:1 - 11
  • 1. Source-Critical Analysis
  • 2. The Original Novella in Num 27:1 - 7a, 11b
  • 3. The Original Novella and Related Texts: Num 26:29 - 34 and Josh 17:1 - 6
  • 4. The List of Inheritors in Num 27:8b - 11a
  • 5. The Complete Novella
  • 6. The Complete Novella and Related Texts
  • a) Num 36:1 - 12
  • b) Ruth
  • Summary and Conclusions: Oracular Novellas and Priestly Historiography
  • 1. Review
  • 2. The Oracular Novellas and the History of the Priestly History
  • 3. The Form of the Oracular Novellas and the Priestly History
  • 4. Law and Narrative
  • Bibliography: List of Abbreviations
  • Indices
  • 1. Source Index
  • I. Biblical Versions, Ancient Translations, and Rabbinic Comments
  • II. Ancient Literature and Documents
  • III. Medieval Commentaries and Modern Scholarship
  • 2. Subject Index
  • I. Critical Theory
  • II. Literary Motifs and Legal Topoi
  • III. Oracular Novella
  • IV. Rhetorical Devices

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