A Companion to Josephus

 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 27. Oktober 2015
  • |
  • 488 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-32517-9 (ISBN)
 
A Companion to Josephus presents a collection of readings from international scholars that explore the works of the first century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus.
* Represents the first single-volume collection of readings to focus on Josephus
* Covers a wide range of disciplinary approaches to the subject, including reception history
* Features contributions from 29 eminent scholars in the field from four continents
* Reveals important insights into the Jewish and Roman worlds at the moment when Christianity was gaining ground as a movement
Named Outstanding Academic Title of 2016 by Choice Magazine, a publication of the American Library Association
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 9,37 MB
978-1-118-32517-9 (9781118325179)
1118325176 (1118325176)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Honora Howell Chapman is Professor of Classics and Humanities at California State University, Fresno. She is a former co-chair of the Josephus Seminar/Group of the Society of Biblical Literature and has published articles and book chapters on literary aspects of Josephus's writings.Zuleika Rodgers is Lecturer in Jewish Studies and Director of the Herzog Centre at Trinity College, University of Dublin. She was President of the British Association for Jewish Studies (2013-2014).
Notes on Contributors viii
List of Illustrations xii
Abbreviations xiv
Introduction 1
Honora Howell Chapman and Zuleika Rodgers
Part I Writings 11
1 Josephus's Judean War 13
Steve Mason
2 Many Sources but a Single Author: Josephus's Jewish Antiquities 36
Daniel R. Schwartz
3 Josephus's Autobiography (Life of Josephus) 59
Steve Mason
4 Against Apion 75
John Barclay
Part IIJosephus's Literary Context 87
5 Josephus as a Roman Historian 89
Steve Mason
6 Josephus and Greek Imperial Literature 108
Eran Almagor
7 Josephus and the Bible 123
Paul Spilsbury
8 Josephus and Philo in Rome 135
Maren R. Niehoff
9 Josephus and the New Testament 147
Helen K. Bond
Part III Themes 159
10 Josephus and the Archaeology of Galilee 161
Zeev Weiss
11 Josephus as a Military Historian 199
Jonathan P. Roth
12 Josephus on Women 210
Tal Ilan
13 The Hasmoneans in Josephus 222
Erich S. Gruen
14 Herod the Great in Josephus 235
Jan Willem van Henten
15 The Herodian Temple in Josephus 247
David A. Kaden
16 Josephus and the Jewish Sects 261
Albert I. Baumgarten
17 Josephus and the Priesthood 273
James S. McLaren
18 Josephus and Halacha 282
David Nakman
19 Josephus and Rabbinic Literature 293
Richard Kalmin
Part 1V Transmission and Reception History 305
20 The Text of the Josephan Corpus: Principal Greek Manuscripts, Ancient Latin Translations, and the Indirect Tradition 307
Tommaso Leoni
21 The Ancient Latin Translations of Josephus 322
David B. Levenson and Thomas R. Martin
22 The Testimonium Flavianum 345
Alice Whealey
23 Josephus and Patristic Literature 356
Sabrina Inowlocki
24 The Christian Reception of Josephus in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 368
Karen M. Kletter
25 Sefer Yosippon (Josippon) 382
Saskia Dönitz
26 The Slavonic Version of Josephus's Jewish War 390
Kate Leeming
27 Josephus in Renaissance Italy 402
Silvia Castelli
28 A Note on English Translations of Josephus from Thomas Lodge to D. S. Margoliouth 414
Gohei Hata
29 From Masada to Jotapata: On Josephus in Twentieth?]Century Hebrew Scholarship 419
Daniel R. Schwartz
30 Josephus Comicus in Monty Python's Life of Brian and History of the World, Part 1 440
Honora Howell Chapman
Index 455

Notes on Contributors


Eran Almagor is the author of papers and articles on Strabo, Plutarch's Lives, Greeks and barbarians, Achaemenid Persia, Ctesias and the reception of antiquity in modern popular culture. He is the co-editor of Ancient Ethnography: New Approaches (2013).

John Barclay is Lightfoot Professor of Divinity at Durham University. He is the author of the latest English translation and commentary on Josephus's Against Apion (Brill Josephus Project) (2007); he has written on Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora (1996) and has published a number of essays and articles on Josephus.

Albert I. Baumgarten is Professor Emeritus of Jewish History at Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel. He is the author of The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era: An Interpretation (1997) as well as of numerous articles on ancient Jewish sectarianism. His most recent book is Elias Bickerman as a Historian of the Jews: A Twentieth Century Tale (2010).

Helen K. Bond is Senior Lecturer in New Testament and Director of the Centre for the Study of Christian Origins at Edinburgh University. She is the author of The Historical Jesus: A Guide for the Perplexed (2012), Caiaphas: Friend of Rome and Judge of Jesus? (2004), and Pontius Pilate in History and Interpretation (1998).

Silvia Castelli, MA in Classics (1997) and PhD in Jewish Studies (2001), has been Assistant Professor of Ancient History at the University of Trento (2005-2009), and is currently a PhD researcher in New Testament Studies (18th-century Textual Criticism) at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. She is author of an Italian translation and commentary of Book 3 of Josephus's Judean Antiquities (2002), as well as of several articles on Josephus's work and its reception.

Honora Howell Chapman, PhD Stanford, is Professor of Classics and Humanities at California State University, Fresno, USA. She is a contributing author to the Brill Josephus Project for Books 2 and 5 of Judean War and served as co-chair of the Josephus Seminar/Group of the Society of Biblical Literature for nine years.

Saskia Dönitz is a Research Assistant at the Institut für Griechische und Lateinische Philologie, Freie Universität Berlin, and a post-doctoral researcher at the Seminar für Judaistik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt.

Erich S. Gruen is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was Gladys Rehard Wood Professor of History and Classics. Among his books are Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition (1998), Diaspora: Jews Amidst Greeks and Romans (2002), and Rethinking the Other in Antiquity (2012).

Gohei Hata is Professor Emeritus at Tama Art University in Tokyo. His ninety publications include the translation into Japanese of the works of Josephus, Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History and Life of Constantine, Philo's Against Flaccus and Embassy to Gaius, and Philostratus's Apollonius of Tyana. He is now preparing a Japanese translation of the Septuagint. Recently a Visiting Fellow of Clare Hall and of Wolfson College, Cambridge, he is currently a Visiting Fellow at Yale University.

Tal Ilan is Professor of Jewish Studies at the Freie University in Berlin. In addition to her work on the general history of Late Antiquity, her research focuses on gender issues in rabbinic literature and the Hebrew Bible, and in the field of Jewish onomastics. She is the author of Integrating Jewish Women into Second Temple History (1999) and Silencing the Queen: The Literary Histories of Shelamzion and Other Jewish Women (2006).

Sabrina Inowlocki is the author of Eusebius and the Jewish Authors (2006), Reconsidering Eusebius (2011), and various articles on ancient Jewish and Christian literature. She is currently an independent researcher.

David A. Kaden received his PhD from the University of Toronto and is currently Visiting Assistant Professor of Religion at St. Olaf College. His PhD on "Law and Power: Matthew, Paul, and the Anthropology of Law" will appear in the WUNT II series published by Mohr Siebeck.

Richard Kalmin is Theodore R. Racoosin Professor of Rabbinic Literature at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. He is the author of several books and numerous articles on the interpretation of rabbinic stories, ancient Jewish history, and the structure and development of rabbinic literature. Among his books are Jewish Babylonia Between Persia and Roman Palestine (2006) and he is currently working on a book for the University of California Press entitled Migrating Tales: Judaism, Christianity, and Stories in Rabbinic Literature of Late Antiquity.

Karen M. Kletter is Associate Professor of History at Methodist University in Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA. The main focus of her present work is medieval historiography and the intellectual context of Jewish-Christian relations.

Kate Leeming (Adcock) studied Classics and then researched medieval translations from Greek to Arabic at Oxford University. She co-edited the Slavonic Version of Josephus's Jewish War with Henry Leeming (Brill 2003). Her paper on Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk's reading of Josephus is available on the AHRC Josephus project website. She is an organist, music teacher, and Assistant Editor of ARA, the Bulletin of the Association for Roman Archaeology.

Tommaso Leoni teaches Greek and Roman history at York University, Toronto. He has published articles on Josephus in journals such as Ostraka, the Journal of Jewish Studies, Athenaeum, La Parola del Passato, Materia giudaica, Latomus, and the Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic and Roman Period. He is currently working on two different monographs, both devoted to the second Flavian emperor: one on Titus's use of the 'beneficial ideology,' the other on the lost triumphal arch dedicated in 81 C.E. commemorating the destruction of Jerusalem (Urbem Hierusolymam delevit: The Arch of Titus in the Circus Maximus in Antiquity and the Middle Ages).

David B. Levenson is University Distinguished Teaching Professor in the Religion Department at Florida State University, USA. His research focuses on early Jewish-Christian relations, the Emperor Julian, and the text of Josephus. He is currently engaged in preparing a commentary and translation for on Book 6 of the Jewish War with Thomas R. Martin for the Brill Josephus Project.

Thomas R. Martin is Jeremiah W. O'Connor Jr. Professor in Classics at Holy Cross in Worcester, MA, USA. His research focuses on Greek and Roman history, including numismatics. With David B. Levenson he is preparing a commentary on and translation of Book 6 of the Jewish War for the Brill Josephus Project.

Steve Mason, former Canada Research Chair in Greco-Roman Cultural Interaction at Toronto's York University, has recently moved to Groningen as Distinguished Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Religions and Cultures. Mason's books include Flavius Josephus on the Pharisees (1991), Josephus and the New Testament (2003), and Josephus, Judea, and Christian Origins: Methods and Categories (2009). His most recent monograph, A History of the Jewish War, 66-74, is in production with Cambridge University Press. He edits the multi-volume series, Flavius Josephus: Translation and Commentary (Brill Josephus Project), to which he has contributed the volumes Life of Josephus and Judean War 2.

James S. McLaren is Associate Dean (Research) in the Faculty of Theology and Philosophy at Australian Catholic University, Sydney, Australia. He is the author of Power and Politics in Palestine (1991) and Turbulent Times? (1996), the editor of two books and has written numerous articles and book chapters on aspects of first-century Jewish and early Christian history. He is preparing the translation and commentary for Book 7 of the Judean War in the Brill Josephus Project.

David Nakman (Nachman) is the head of Ein Prat Academy for Leadership at Kfar Adumim, Israel, and teaches the history of Second Temple and Talmudic period at the Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem.

Maren R. Niehoff is Max Cooper Chair in Jewish Thought, Head of AMIRIM the interdisciplinary honors program in the Humanities, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. She has published extensively on Philo, Hellenistic Judaism, and on exegetical contacts between Jews, Greeks and early Christians. Among her publications are: Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship (2011), Philo on Jewish Identity and Culture (2001), and The Figure of Joseph in Post-Biblical Jewish Literature (1992).

Zuleika Rodgers, is Lecturer in Jewish Studies and Director of the Herzog Centre at Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland. She was President of the British Association for Jewish Studies (2013-2014).

Jonathan P. Roth is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, and earned his PhD from Columbia University in 1991. A specialist in Roman military history and first-century Judaism, he is Professor of Ancient History at San Jose State...

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