Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control

 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 11. Mai 2016
  • |
  • 276 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-809319-1 (ISBN)
 

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control provides basic but essential knowledge of colloid and interface science for water and wastewater treatment. Divided into two sections, chapters 1 to 8 presents colloid chemistry including simple history and basic concepts, diffusion and Brown Motion, sedimentation, osmotic pressure, optical properties, rheology properties, electric properties, emulsion, foam and gel, and so on; chapters 9 to provides interface chemistry theories including the surface of liquid, the surface of solution, and the surface of solid. This valuable book is the only one that presents colloid and interface chemistry from the water quality control perspective. This book was written for graduate students in the area of water treatment and environmental engineering, and it could be used as the reference for researchers and engineers in the same area.


  • Concise content makes this suitable for both teaching and learning
  • Focuses on water treatment technology and methods, links colloid and surface chemistry to water treatment applications
  • Not only addresses all the important physical-chemistry principles and theories, but also presents new developed knowledge on water treatment
  • Includes exercises, problems and solutions, which are very helpful for testing learning and understanding


Prof. Qing Chang was born in 1947 and graduated from Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1983, and his major is environmental chemistry. Prof. Qing Chang is currently a professor in the School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering at Lanzhou Jiaotong University of China. He is also a Member of Expert Panel of National Natural Science Foundation of China. He was a Member of Council of Chemical Society of Gansu province of China from 1990 to 2000 and a Member of Expert Panel of China National High-tech R&D Program (863 Program) from 2000 to 2004.
Professor Chang's major areas of interest are water environmental science, materials and methods for water treatment, coagulation and flocculation and adsorption. He has taught colloid and interface chemistry for 20 years. He has been active over 40 years in his field and completed various research projects. He has authored over 100 papers published in peer-reviewed journals and six books published in China presses. He was also awarded three prizes by the government of Gansu Province for his contribution to science and technology development program.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 12,75 MB
978-0-12-809319-1 (9780128093191)
0128093196 (0128093196)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1 - Brief History of Colloid and Interface Chemistry and Basic Concepts
  • 1.1 - Origin of the term "colloid"
  • 1.2 - Classification of the colloidal system
  • 1.3 - Dispersion degree and specific surface area
  • 1.4 - Shape of colloidal particles
  • 1.5 - Polydispersity and the average size of colloidal particles
  • 1.6 - Colloidal pollutants in natural waters
  • Chapter 2 - Diffusion and Brownian Motion
  • 2.1 - Diffusion
  • 2.1.1 - Fick's First Law
  • 2.1.2 - Fick's Second Law
  • 2.2 - Brownian motion
  • 2.3 - Application of diffusion
  • 2.3.1 - Calculation of Radius and Molecular Weight of Spherical Particle
  • 2.3.2 - Calculation of Axial Ratio of Nonspherical Particle
  • 2.3.3 - Estimation of Amount of Solvation
  • 2.4 - Role of diffusion theory in water treatment and natural water
  • Chapter 3 - Sedimentation
  • 3.1 - Sedimentation in the gravity field
  • 3.1.1 - Measurement of the Distribution of Particle Sizes by Sedimentation Analysis
  • 3.1.2 - Sedimentation Equilibrium and Altitude Distribution Law
  • 3.2 - Sedimentation in centrifugal force field
  • 3.2.1 - Velocity Method
  • 3.2.2 - Equilibrium Method
  • 3.3 - Applications of sedimentation in water treatment
  • Chapter 4 - Osmotic Pressure
  • 4.1 - Osmotic pressure of ideal solutions
  • 4.2 - Osmotic pressure of macromolecule solutions
  • 4.3 - Donnan equilibrium and osmotic pressure
  • 4.4 - Measurement of osmotic pressure
  • 4.4.1 - Osmometer
  • 4.4.2 - Semipermeable Membrane
  • 4.4.3 - Method of Measurement
  • 4.5 - Application of reverse osmosis in water treatment
  • Chapter 5 - Optical Properties
  • 5.1 - Light scattering of colloid systems
  • 5.2 - Rayleigh equation of light scattering
  • 5.3 - Polarized components and space distribution of scattered light
  • 5.4 - Light scattering of large particles
  • 5.5 - Light scattering of macromolecule solutions
  • 5.5.1 - Fluctuation in Density and Concentration
  • 5.5.2 - Measurement of the Molecular Weight of Polymers
  • 5.6 - Turbidity of water
  • Chapter 6 - Rheology Properties
  • 6.1 - Basic concept and basic theory
  • 6.1.1 - Shearing Strain and Shear Rate
  • 6.1.2 - Newton Equation
  • 6.2 - Measurement of viscosity
  • 6.2.1 - Capillary Flow Method
  • 6.2.2 - Concentric Rotational Cylinder Method
  • 6.3 - Viscosity of dilute colloidal solutions
  • 6.3.1 - Basic Concept
  • 6.3.2 - Effect of Spherical Particles on the Viscosity of Colloidal Dispersion
  • 6.3.3 - Effect of Particle Morphology on the Viscosity of Colloidal Solutions
  • 6.3.4 - Effect of Particle Solvation on the Viscosity of Colloidal Solutions
  • 6.3.5 - Measuring the Molecular Weight of Polymers and Flocculants in Water Treatment
  • 6.4 - Rheology properties of concentrated dispersion systems
  • 6.5 - Rheology properties of sludge produced in water treatment
  • Chapter 7 - Electrical Properties
  • 7.1 - Origin of the surface charge of colloids in natural waters
  • 7.1.1 - Isomorphous Replacement Within the Lattice
  • 7.1.2 - Ionization and Adsorption of Hydrous Oxide Minerals
  • 7.1.3 - Specific Adsorption
  • 7.1.4 - Ionization and Adsorption of Humic Substances
  • 7.1.5 - Amphoteric Behavior of Protein
  • 7.2 - Electrokinetic phenomena
  • 7.2.1 - Electrophoresis
  • 7.2.2 - Electroosmosis
  • 7.2.3 - Streaming Potential
  • 7.2.4 - Sedimentation Potential
  • 7.3 - Model of electric double layer
  • 7.3.1 - Helmholtz Model of Parallel-Plate Capacitor
  • 7.3.2 - Gouy-Chapman Model of Diffuse Double Layer
  • 7.3.3 - Stern Model
  • 7.4 - Electrokinetic theory and experiment
  • 7.4.1 - Theory and Experiment of Electroosmosis
  • 7.4.1.1 - Theory of Electroosmosis
  • 7.4.1.2 - Experimental Measurements of Electroosmosis
  • 7.4.1.2.1 - Volume Method
  • 7.4.1.2.2 - Reverse Pressure Method
  • 7.4.2 - Theory and Experiment of Electrophoresis
  • 7.4.2.1 - Theory of Electrophoresis
  • 7.4.2.1.1 - Smoluchowski Equation
  • 7.4.2.1.2 - Hückel Equation
  • 7.4.2.1.3 - Henry Equation
  • 7.4.2.2 - Experiment Measurements of Electrophoresis
  • 7.4.2.2.1 - Microscope Electrophoresis
  • 7.4.2.2.2 - Moving Boundary Electrophoresis
  • 7.4.3 - Theory and Experiment of Streaming Potential
  • 7.4.4 - Theory and Experiment of Sedimentation Potential
  • 7.5 - Coagulation thermodynamics: DLVO theory of colloid stability
  • 7.5.1 - van der Waals Attractive Energy Between Particles
  • 7.5.2 - Double Layer Repulsive Energy Between Particles
  • 7.5.3 - Total Energy of Interaction Between Particles
  • 7.5.4 - Critical Coagulation Concentration
  • 7.6 - Kinetics of coagulation
  • 7.6.1 - Rate of Perikinetic Coagulation
  • 7.6.1.1 - Rapid Coagulation
  • 7.6.1.2 - Slow Coagulation
  • 7.6.2 - Rate of Orthokinetic Coagulation
  • 7.6.2.1 - Uniform Shearing Strain Field
  • 7.6.2.2 - Nonuniform Shearing Strain Field
  • 7.7 - Effect of macromolecules on colloid stability
  • 7.7.1 - Stabilization Effect of Macromolecules
  • 7.7.1.1 - Effect of Macromolecular Structures
  • 7.7.1.2 - Effect of Molecular Weight and Concentration of Macromolecules
  • 7.7.1.3 - Effect of Medium Property
  • 7.7.1.4 - Effect of Space Restriction
  • 7.7.1.5 - Effect of Mixing
  • 7.7.2 - Application of Stabilization Effect of Macromolecules in Cooling Water
  • 7.7.3 - Flocculation Effect of Macromolecules
  • 7.8 - Coagulation in natural waters and water treatment
  • Chapter 8 - Surface of Liquid
  • 8.1 - Surface tension and surface free energy
  • 8.1.1 - Basic Concepts
  • 8.1.2 - Origination of Surface Tension and Surface Free Energy
  • 8.1.3 - Surface Tensions of Common Liquids
  • 8.1.4 - Variation of Surface Tension With Temperature and Pressure
  • 8.2 - Relation between liquid pressure and surface curvature
  • 8.3 - Relation between vapor pressure of liquid and surface curvature
  • 8.4 - Contact angle
  • 8.5 - Measurement of surface tension
  • 8.5.1 - Capillary Rise Method
  • 8.5.2 - Ring Method
  • 8.6 - Cohesion work and adhesion work
  • 8.7 - Spreading of one liquid on another liquid
  • 8.8 - Fowkes theory of interfacial tension
  • 8.9 - Insoluble monomolecular film
  • 8.9.1 - Surface Pressure
  • 8.9.2 - Various States of Monomolecular Film
  • 8.9.3 - Application of Surface Film
  • Chapter 9 - Surface of Solution
  • 9.1 - Surface activity
  • 9.2 - Surface excess and Gibbs adsorption equation
  • 9.2.1 - Surface Excess
  • 9.2.2 - Gibbs Adsorption Equation
  • 9.2.3 - Adsorption at Surface of Solution
  • 9.3 - Surfactant
  • 9.3.1 - Characteristics, Chemical Structure, and Classification of Surfactant
  • 9.3.2 - Formation of Micelles
  • 9.3.3 - Effect of Micelles on the Property of Solution
  • 9.3.4 - Dependence of Surfactant Solubility on Temperature
  • 9.3.5 - Dependence of Surfactant Properties on Its Structure
  • Chapter 10 - Surface of Solids
  • 10.1 - Basic principles
  • 10.1.1 - Physical Adsorption and Chemical Adsorption
  • 10.1.2 - Thermodynamics of Adsorption
  • 10.2 - Adsorption of gas at a solid surface
  • 10.2.1 - Adsorption Isotherm
  • 10.2.2 - Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm Equation
  • 10.2.3 - Freundlich Adsorption Equation
  • 10.2.4 - Temkin Adsorption Equation
  • 10.2.5 - BET Equation for Multimolecular Layer Adsorption
  • 10.2.6 - Polanyi Adsorption Potential Theory and D-R Equation
  • 10.2.7 - Capillary Condensation and Adsorption Hysteresis
  • 10.3 - Adsorption from solution
  • 10.3.1 - Amount of Adsorption
  • 10.3.2 - Adsorption Kinetics
  • 10.3.3 - Pseudofirst Order Model
  • 10.3.4 - Pseudosecond Order Model
  • 10.3.5 - Intraparticle Diffusion Model
  • 10.3.6 - Elovich Model
  • 10.4 - Wetting of solid surface
  • 10.4.1 - Measurement of Contact Angle
  • 10.4.2 - Effect of Surface Roughness on Contact Angle
  • 10.4.3 - Spreading of Liquid on Solid Surface
  • 10.4.4 - Wetting and Water Treatment
  • 10.5 - Measurement of properties of adsorbents
  • 10.5.1 - Measurement of Specific Surface Area
  • 10.5.2 - Measurement of Pore Volume
  • 10.5.3 - Measurement of Mean Pore Radius
  • 10.5.4 - Measurement of Pore Radius Distribution
  • 10.6 - Analysis of the surface of adsorbents
  • 10.6.1 - Analysis of the Surface Morphology of Adsorbents
  • 10.6.2 - Analysis of the Surface Composition of Adsorbents
  • 10.7 - Adsorption in natural water and water treatment
  • Chapter 11 - Emulsion, Foam, and Gel
  • 11.1 - Emulsion
  • 11.1.1 - Formation of Emulsion and Its Type
  • 11.1.2 - Stabilization and Breaking of Emulsion
  • 11.1.2.1 - Stabilization of Emulsion
  • 11.1.2.2 - Breaking of Emulsion
  • 11.1.2.3 - HLB Number
  • 11.1.3 - Applications of Emulsion in Wastewater Treatment
  • 11.2 - Foam
  • 11.2.1 - Structure and Formation Condition of Foam
  • 11.2.2 - Stability of Foam
  • 11.2.3 - Destruction of Foam
  • 11.2.4 - Application of Foam in Wastewater Treatment
  • 11.3 - Gel
  • 11.3.1 - Basic Concepts
  • 11.3.2 - Structure of Gel
  • 11.3.3 - Expansion of Gel
  • 11.3.4 - Diffusion in Gel
  • 11.3.5 - Gels in Water Treatment
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B
  • Appendix C
  • Further Reading
  • Index
  • Back cover

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