Fuzzy Information and Engineering and Decision

 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 15. September 2017
  • |
  • XIV, 458 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Wasserzeichen-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-319-66514-6 (ISBN)
 

This book introduces applications of mathematics and fuzzy mathematics in decision science, fuzzy geometric programming and fuzzy optimization as well as operations research and management, based on 44 research papers presented at three successful conferences:

(1) The International Conference on Mathematics and Decision Science (ICMDS), September 12-15, 2016, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China (www.icodm2020.com).

(2) Academic Conference on 30th Anniversary of Fuzzy Geometric Programming Advanced by Professor Cao Bingyuan and his 40 education years (ACFGPACE), July 30 to August 1, 2016, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.

(3) The third annual meeting of Guangdong Operational Research Society (TAMGORS), October 22-23, 2016, Foshan University, Guangdong, China.

The book is a valuable resource for students, graduates, teachers and other professionals in the field of applied mathematics, artificial intelligence and computers, fuzzy systems and dec

ision-making, as well as operations research and management.

  • Global Poetics
  • |
  • Literatur- und kulturwissenschaftliche Studien zur Globalisierung
  • |
  • 646
1st ed. 2018
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • 87
  • |
  • 87 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 87 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, Bibliographie
  • 31,33 MB
978-3-319-66514-6 (9783319665146)
3319665146 (3319665146)
10.1007/978-3-319-66514-6
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • Preface
  • Organization
  • The International Conference on Mathematics and Decision Science (ICMDS 2016)
  • Conference Chair
  • Honorary Chairs
  • Scientific and Program Chair
  • Scientific Committee
  • Academic Conference on 30th Anniversary of Fuzzy Geometric Programming and 40th Anniversary by and of Professor Cao Bingyuan (ACFGPAEC)
  • Conference Chair
  • Scientific and Program Chair
  • Member
  • The Third Annual Meeting of Guangdong Operational Research Society (TAMGORS)
  • Conference Chair
  • Honorary Chairs
  • Local Arrangements and Program Chair
  • Member
  • Publication Chair
  • Contents
  • Part I: Mathematics and Fuzziness
  • Bipolar Fuzzy BRK-ideals in BRK-algebras
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Bipolar Fuzzy BRK-ideals in BRK-algebras
  • 4 Images and Pre-images of a BF BRK-ideal
  • 5 BF Translation and BF Extension on BF BRK-Ideals
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • A New Approach for Solving Fuzzy Supplier Selection Problems Under Volume Discount
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Fuzzy Multi Objective Linear Programming
  • 3 Propose Method
  • 3.1 Verdegay \alpha -cut Approach [25]
  • 3.2 Augmented Weighted Tchebycheff Approach [26]
  • 4 Case Study
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • The Lattice of L-fuzzy Filters in a Given R0-algebra
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 On L-fuzzy Filters in R0-algebras
  • 4 Generated L-fuzzy Filter by an L-fuzzy Subset
  • 5 The Lattice of L-fuzzy Filters in a Given R0-algebra
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Intuitionistic Fuzzy Rough Set Based on the Cut Sets of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminary
  • 3 The Upper Approximation of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set
  • 4 The Lower Approximation of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Applications and Mathematical Modeling in Operations Research
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Analysis
  • 3 Main Results
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Covering Topology Countability Based on a Subbasis
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 2.1 Covering Rough Set Theory
  • 2.2 A Subbasis of the Covering Topological Space
  • 3 Covering Topology Countability Based on a Subbasis
  • 4 Connections Between Separability and Countability
  • 5 Examples
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • A New Type of Soft Subincline of Incline
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminary Notes
  • 3 A New Type of Soft Subincline of Incline
  • 4 The Chain Condition of Incline
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Bidirectional Quantum Teleportation with 5-Qubit States
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Bidirectional Controlled Teleportation
  • 3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Infinitely Small Quantity and Infinitely Large Quantity of Fuzzy Valued Functions for Linear Generation of Structural Elements
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Brief Introduction of the Fuzzy Valued Function of Linear Construction Theory
  • 3 A New Definition of the Limit of f"0365f(x)
  • 4 Infinitely Small Quantity of f"0365f(x)
  • 5 Infinitely Large Quantity of f"0365f(x)
  • References
  • Part II: Decision and Fuzziness
  • Hesitant Fuzzy Group Decision Making Under Incomplete Information
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 New Representation of Concept Extension Based on Factor Space
  • 4 The Hesitant Fuzzy Method of Decision-Making Based on Incomplete Information of Factor Space
  • 4.1 Filled Methods of Missing Value
  • 4.2 The Hesitant Fuzzy Group Method of Decision-Making Based on the Incomplete Information
  • 5 Examples Analysis
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Signed Total Domination and Mycielski Structure in Graphs
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminary Results
  • 3 Graphs with Universal Vertices
  • 4 A Relation Between st(G) and st((G))
  • 5 Cycles, Paths and Complete Bipartite Graphs
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • An Arbitrated Quantum Signature Scheme Based on W States
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Arbitrated Quantum Signature Based on W States
  • 3.1 Initializing Phase
  • 3.2 Verifying Phase
  • 4 Security Analysis and Discussion
  • 4.1 Impossibility of Forgery
  • 4.2 Impossibility of Disavowal by Signatory and Receiver
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Optimal Stochastic Dynamic Control of Spatially Distributed Interdependent Production Units
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Analysis
  • 3 Main Results
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Analysis for the Presence of Quantum Noise on the Teleportation
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preparation
  • 2.1 Fidelity and Quantum Noise
  • 2.2 Examples of Quantum Teleportation
  • 3 The Presence of Quantum Noise on the Teleportation
  • 3.1 Bit Flip
  • 3.2 Phase Flip
  • 3.3 Depolarizing
  • 3.4 Amplitude Damping
  • 4 Analysis
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Design of An Active Control Method for Complete Stabilization of Unknown Fractional-Order Non-autonomous Systems
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Basic Concepts
  • 3 The Method and Main Results
  • 4 Numerical Simulations
  • 4.1 Stabilization of Fractional-Order Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
  • 4.2 Stabilization of Fractional-Order Four-Wing Hyperchaotic System
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Three Uncertainty Measures in Neighborhood Systems
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Neighborhood Rough Sets
  • 3 Three Uncertainty Measures in Neighborhood Systems
  • 4 Two Illustrative Examples
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • An Approach in Solving Data Envelopment Analysis with Stochastic Data
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Basic Methods
  • 2.1 Data Envelopment Analysis
  • 2.1.1 Interval Data Envelopment Analysis
  • 2.2 Mathematical Expectation
  • 3 Solving Data Envelopment Analysis with Stochastic Data
  • 3.1 Numerical Result
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Why Do Young People Hate on the Internet?
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Hate Speech in Current Studies
  • 3 Haters' Motives and Emotions
  • 4 Research Methodology
  • 5 Results
  • 6 Discussion and Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part III: Fuzzy Geometric Programming and Optimization
  • Properties of Fuzzy Relation Inequalities with Addition-Min Composition
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Convexity of the Complete Solution Set
  • 4 Structure of Complete Solution Set
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Geometric Programming with Intuitionistic Fuzzy Coefficient
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets and Geometric Programming
  • 3 Geometric Programming with Intuitionistic Fuzzy Coefficient
  • 4 The Solution of Geometric Programming with Intuitionistic Fuzzy Coefficient
  • 5 Numerical Example
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • A New Method for Solving Fully Fuzzy Monomial Geometric Programming with Trapezoidal Fuzzy Parameters
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Monomial Geometric Programming
  • 3.1 Algorithm
  • 4 Numerical Example
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Note on Max-Lukasiewicz Bipolar Fuzzy Relation Equation
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 New Definition of Characteristic Matrix and the Corresponding Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Checking a Solution
  • 4 Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Checking the Consistency of System (1)
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Multi-level Linear Programming Subject to Max-product Fuzzy Relation Equalities
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Resolution of Problem (4)
  • 4 Numerical Example
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Quadratic Programming with Max-product Fuzzy Relation Inequality Constraints
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Max-product Fuzzy Relation Inequality
  • 3 Properties and Algorithms
  • 4 Numerical Examples
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • A New Algorithm to Shortest Path Problem with Fuzzy Arc Lengths
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Process of the Algorithm and Numerical Example
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Application Research of Improved Classification Recognition Algorithm Based on Causality Analysis
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Propaedeutic
  • 2.1 Definition
  • 2.2 Causality Analysis Table
  • 2.3 Causality Analysis in Factor Space
  • 3 Improved Classification Recognition Algorithm Based on Causality Analysis
  • 3.1 The Problems Exist in Factor Analysis Algorithm
  • 3.2 Preprocess of Continuous Data
  • 3.3 Design of Improved Classification Recognition Algorithm Based on Causality Analysis
  • 3.3.1 Nearest-Neighbor Rule
  • 3.3.2 Membership Degree and Maximum Subordination Principle
  • 4 Result Analysis
  • 4.1 Dataset Description
  • 4.1.1 The United States Wisconsin Breast Cancer Database [10, 11]
  • 4.1.2 Image Segmentation Database [12]
  • 4.1.3 Letter Recognition Database [13]
  • 4.2 Testing Results and Analysis
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • On Intuitionistic Fuzzy Filters of Filteristic Soft BE-algebras
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Filteristic Soft BE-algebras
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Part IV: Fuzzy Systems and Operations Research and Management
  • Extremal Graphs of Chemical Trees with Minimal Atom-Bond Connectivity Index
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Minimal ABC Index of Chemical Tree
  • 3 The Diversity of Extremal Graphs of Chemical Trees with Minimal ABC Index
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • A Soft Approach to Evaluate the Customer Satisfaction in E-retailing
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Related Work and Research Motivation
  • 3 Preliminaries
  • 3.1 Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Information
  • 3.2 Group Decision-Making
  • 4 Methodology
  • 4.1 Alternatives, Criteria and Decision Makers
  • 4.2 Data Collection and Measurement
  • 5 Conclusion
  • References
  • An M/G/1 Queue with Second Optional Service and General Randomized Vacation Policy
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Description and Analysis of Model
  • 3 Performance Analysis
  • 4 Special Cases of the Model
  • 5 Numerical Results
  • 6 Conclusions
  • References
  • The Matrix Representation of Fuzzy Error Logic Conjunction and Applied Research
  • Abstract
  • 1 The Concept of Fuzzy Error Matrix
  • 2 Matrix Representation of Fuzzy Error Logic Transformation
  • 3 Application Examples for the Matrix Representation of Fuzzy Error Logic Conjunction
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Variational Iteration Method for Solving an Inverse Parabolic Problem
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Variational Iteration Method
  • 3 The Test Example
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Using Coloring Function to Partition Vertices in a Fuzzy Graph
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Coloring Fuzzy Graphs
  • 3 An Example
  • 4 Further Study
  • References
  • A New Approach in Geometric Brownian Motion Model
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM)
  • 2.1 Volatility in Geometric Brownian Motion Model
  • 2.1.1 Implied Volatility
  • 2.1.2 Historic Volatility
  • 3 The New Geometric Brownian Motion (NGBM)
  • 3.1 MATLAB Code
  • 3.2 Numerical Result
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • A Study on Comprehensive Traffic Capacity of Urban Roads
  • Abstract
  • 1 Basic Assumptions
  • 2 The Establishment and Solution of the Model
  • 2.1 The Selection and Calculation of Evaluation Indexes
  • 2.2 Pretreatment of Indicators
  • 2.2.1 Uniformization of Evaluation Indexes
  • 2.2.2 Standardization of Appraisal Indicators
  • 2.3 The Choice of Comprehensive Evaluation Method
  • 3 The Establishment of the Comprehensive Urban Transportation Capacity Model
  • 3.1 Basic Capacity of Road Traffic
  • 3.2 Possible Capacity
  • 3.3 The Actual Capacity
  • 3.4 The Traffic Capacity of Plane Intersection
  • 3.5 The Traffic Capacity of Intersection Without Traffic Lights
  • 3.6 The Traffic Capacity of Roundabout
  • 3.7 The Traffic Capacity of Signal Intersection
  • 3.8 The Establishment of the Comprehensive Urban Transportation Capacity Model
  • 4 The Model Application and Based on the Analysis of Traffic Capacity
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Solving First Order Fuzzy Initial Value Problem by Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method Based on Different Means
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Preliminaries
  • 3 Fuzzy Initial Value Problem
  • 4 The Forth Order Runge-Kutta Method
  • 4.1 The Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method Based on Contraharmonic Mean
  • 4.2 The Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method Based on Centroidal Mean
  • 4.3 The Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method Based on Harmonic Mean
  • 4.4 The Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method Based on General Mean
  • 5 Numerical Example
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Part V: Others
  • Non-traveling Wave Exact Solutions of (3+1)-Dimensional Yu-Toda-Sasa-Fukuyama Equation
  • 1 Introduction and Main Results
  • 2 Traveling Wave Exact Solutions
  • 3 Non-traveling Wave Exact Solutions and Symmetry Reduced Equations
  • 3.1 Symmetry of YTSF Equation
  • 3.2 Symmetry Reduced Equations of YTSF Equation
  • 3.3 Non-traveling Exact Solutions of YTSF Equation
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Research of Solvability and Application of Fuzzy Errors Set Matrix 1 Equation of Type II
  • Abstract
  • 1 Fuzzy Set
  • 1.1 Concept
  • 1.1.1 Fuzzy Set
  • 1.1.2 Representation of Fuzzy Set
  • 2 Fuzzy Error Set Matrix
  • 2.1 Classification of Fuzzy Set Matrix
  • 2.1.1 Fuzzy Set Matrix
  • 2.1.2 Fuzzy Error Set Atrix
  • 2.2 Fuzzy Error Set Matrix Operation
  • 3 Fuzzy Error Set Matrix Equation
  • 3.1 Error Set Matrix Equation Type
  • 3.2 The Solution of Fuzzy Set Matrix Equation
  • 3.2.1 The Solution Schemes of Fuzzy Matrices Set Equation
  • 3.2.2 The Solution of Fuzzy Error Matrix Equation
  • 3.3 The Example of Application of Error Matrix Equation
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • The Relation Between Mathematical Constant and Stock Market Crash
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Main Conclusions
  • 3 Application
  • 4 The Relation Between Stock Market Crash and the Mathematical Constant e
  • 5 The -type Stock Market Crash
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • The Impact of Online Information to the Internet Reservations of Hotels in Guangzhou
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature Review
  • 3 Research Method
  • 3.1 Data Collection and Processing
  • 3.2 Establishment of Indicator System
  • 3.3 Research Process and Methods
  • 4 Empirical Analysis
  • 4.1 Related Analysis
  • 4.2 Linear Regression Analysis
  • 5 Research Conclusions
  • 5.1 Conclusions
  • 5.2 Research Proposals
  • 6 Limitations
  • 7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Optimization of the Modified T Vacation Policy for a Discrete-Time Geom[X]/G/1 Queueing System with Startup
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Describing Model and Embedded Markov Chain
  • 3 Stochastic Decomposition of Queue Size and Expected Waiting Times in System
  • 4 Expected Length of the Vacation Cycle, the Vacation Period and the Busy Period
  • 5 Optimal Policy
  • 6 Numerical Illustration
  • 7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Application of Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Model in Mentality Adaptive Research of College Freshmen
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Establishing of Index System and Data Processing
  • 2.1 Establishing of Index System
  • 2.2 Data Processing
  • 3 Theory and Algorithm of FCE Model Based on Mentality Adaption of College Freshmen
  • 3.1 Basic Theory [1, 2]
  • 3.2 Algorithm
  • 3.2.1 Determination of Fuzzy Weight
  • 3.2.2 Determination of Fuzzy Matrix R
  • 4 Calculation Results and Data Processing
  • 4.1 Calculation Results
  • 4.1.1 Calculation of Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Result B
  • 4.1.2 Calculation of Evaluation Total Score
  • 4.2 Data Processing
  • 5 Analysis of Results
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Assessing Holistic Tourism Resources Based on Fuzzy Evaluation Method: A Case Study of Hainan Tourism Island
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Evaluation Method and Model Construction of Holistic Tourism Resources
  • 2.1 Theoretical Basis
  • 2.2 Practical Basis
  • 2.3 Building Assessment Criteria of Holistic Tourism Resources
  • 2.4 Assessment Method and Model
  • 2.5 Development Assessment Index
  • 2.5.1 Market Location
  • 2.5.2 Distance to Destination
  • 2.5.3 Measures of Dispersion
  • 2.6 Tourism Resource Evaluation
  • 2.6.1 Assessing Set: P = \{ V,IV,III,II,I\}
  • 2.6.2 Factor Set: U
  • 2.6.3 Weight Set: A
  • 2.6.4 Assessment Model of Holistic Tourism Resource
  • 3 Empirical Analysis of Holistic Tourism Resource Assessment Model
  • 3.1 Basic Profile and Development Status of Hainan and Qionghai
  • 3.2 Fuzzy Comprehensive Assessment of Holistic Tourism Resources in Qionghai
  • 3.2.1 Results of Assessment of Resource Element Value
  • 3.2.2 Results of Assessment of Environmental Value
  • 3.2.3 Results of Assessment of Influential Value
  • 3.2.4 Results of Assessment of Tourism Resources Value
  • 3.2.5 Results of Assessment of Tourism Development Value
  • 3.2.6 Results of Assessment of Tourism Resource
  • 3.3 The Holistic Tourism Development Potentials and Limits in Qionghai
  • 3.3.1 Tourism Development Potentials
  • 3.3.2 Tourism Development Limits
  • 4 Holistic Tourism Development Suggestions in Hainan
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Appendix 1. Results of Tourism Resources Assessment
  • Appendix 2. Results of Tourism Development Assessment
  • References
  • Analysis of Flight Delays
  • Abstract
  • 1 Background Information
  • 2 Model Assumptions
  • 3 Problem Analysis
  • 3.1 Analysis of the First Problem
  • 3.2 Analysis of Problem 2
  • 3.3 Analysis of Problem Three
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Author Index

Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Verwenden Sie zum Lesen die kostenlose Software Adobe Reader, Adobe Digital Editions oder einen anderen PDF-Viewer Ihrer Wahl (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions oder eine andere Lese-App für E-Books (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nur bedingt: Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Wasserzeichen-DRM wird hier ein "weicher" Kopierschutz verwendet. Daher ist technisch zwar alles möglich - sogar eine unzulässige Weitergabe. Aber an sichtbaren und unsichtbaren Stellen wird der Käufer des E-Books als Wasserzeichen hinterlegt, sodass im Falle eines Missbrauchs die Spur zurückverfolgt werden kann.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

202,29 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
PDF mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book bestellen

202,29 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
PDF mit Wasserzeichen-DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book bestellen

Unsere Web-Seiten verwenden Cookies. Mit der Nutzung des WebShops erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden. Mehr Informationen finden Sie in unserem Datenschutzhinweis. Ok