Tell Me How This Ends

Military Advice, Strategic Goals, and the "Forever War" in Afghanistan
Center for Strategic & International Studies; CSIS Reports (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 17. September 2019
  • |
  • 59 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4422-8126-4 (ISBN)
When the United States invaded Afghanistan after the attacks on September 11, 2001, and then overthrew the Taliban regime, senior military officers were not predicting that the United States would be militarily involved 18 years later. Yet, after expending nearly $800 billion and suffering over 2,400 killed, the United States is still there, having achieved at best a stalemate. This CSIS report concludes that the mission in Afghanistan expanded from a limited focus on counterterrorism to a broad nation-building effort without discussions about the implications for the duration and intensity of the military campaign. This expansion occurred without considering the history of Afghanistan, the Soviet experience, and the decades-long effort required in successful nation-building efforts. The report makes a series of recommendations: improving the dialogue between senior military and civilian officials about desired goals/end states and the implied intensity/duration of a military campaign; continuing the development of military strategists; revising military doctrine publications to include discussion of choices about goals/end states; and taking more seriously the history and experience of others.
  • Englisch
  • Blue Ridge Summit
  • |
  • USA
Center for Strategic & International Studies
  • 0,84 MB
978-1-4422-8126-4 (9781442281264)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
By Mark F. Cancian
  • Intro
  • Tell Me How This Ends
  • Contents
  • Executive Summary
  • 1 | Introduction - 18 Years of Unexpected War
  • 2 | Why It Matters - High Costs and Unsatisfactory Outcome
  • Down from Peak Intensity but Still Going
  • After 18 Years a Stalemate . . . at Best
  • Long Wars Are Not a U.S. Strength
  • It's Not All Bad
  • Were the Benefits Worth the Cost?
  • 3 | End States Drive the Military Effort
  • Limited Initial Objectives
  • The 2002-2004 Shift
  • When "No Nation-Building" Is Nation-Building
  • A Classic Case of Mission Creep
  • A Shift to Help Peace Negotiations?
  • Using Military Forces for Nation-Building
  • Political and Cultural Transformation Is a Multi-Generational Effort
  • The Void in Military Doctrine: FM 3-24 Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies and Other Joint Publications
  • Is There Any Real Choice About End States?
  • 4 | The Effect of Nation-Building on Military Advice
  • A Long War but No Timeline
  • Continuing Requests for More Troops
  • Repeated Statements About Progress
  • 5 | Superpower Hubris - This Time Will Be Different
  • Ignoring How Others May See Us
  • Ignoring the Soviet Experience
  • Ignoring the History of Occupations
  • Ignoring the History of Afghanistan
  • Ignoring Why the Taliban Fight
  • 6 | Should the Military Be Offering Strategic Advice About Goals and End States?
  • 7 | Recommendations - Eyes Wide Open
  • Create a Dialogue Between Senior Military and Civilian Leaders About Goals and End States
  • Require More Clarity from Civilian Officials: Update AUMFs
  • Continue to Develop Military Strategists
  • Take Seriously the History and Experience of Others
  • Revise Doctrine Manuals to Include a Discussion of End States
  • About the Author

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