Oracle® Solaris 11 System Administration

Pearson (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. Juni 2013
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-13-300711-4 (ISBN)
Oracle® Solaris 11 System Administration covers every skill required to effectively install and administer the Oracle ® Solaris 11.1 operating system in production environments. It features dozens of step-bystep "learn by example" procedures, demonstrating how to apply complex solutions in real-world data center environments.

Author Bill Calkins has administered and taught Oracle Solaris and its predecessors for more than twenty years. He also helped develop the newest Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) and Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) exams, which raise the bar for Solaris certification. This guide covers every new 1Z0-821 exam topic in detail and also covers many 1Z0-822 exam topics.

Calkins also reviews the changes that system administrators will face when upgrading to Solaris 11.1 and presents new ways to perform familiar tasks on both SPARC and x86 hardware. You'll learn how to

  • Install the Solaris 11 Operating Environment with Live Media or Text Interactive installers
  • Install, manage, and update software with the Image Packaging System and IPS repositories
  • Understand, customize, and troubleshoot SPARC and x86 boot processes from system power-up to loading the OS (including coverage of ILOM, OpenBoot, and GRUB 2)
  • Administer and create services through the service management facility (SMF)
  • Configure system messaging using SMF notifications, syslog and rsyslog
  • Configure and administer ZFS storage pools, including ZFS on the boot drive, local disks, LUNs, and a SAN
  • Configure and manage ZFS file systems: encryption, redundancy, snapshots, clones, network sharing, monitoring, device replacement, and legacy UFS migration
  • Create, migrate, contain, and administer zones, including solaris10 branded and immutable zones
  • Use RBAC to create custom rights profiles and grant special privileges
  • Manage and monitor system process scheduler (including FSS process schedulers and proc tools)
  • Configure Solaris networking and network services, including Reactive and Fixed Network Configurations, VNICs, and Virtual Networking

A companion website ( includes new 1Z0-821 and 1Z0-822 study strategies and self-assessment exams.

1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • USA
Pearson Education (US)
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 52,88 MB
978-0-13-300711-4 (9780133007114)
Bill Calkins is an Oracle Solaris 11 Certified Professional and Solaris Subject Matter Expert for Oracle Corporation. Bill is the owner and president of UnixEd and Pyramid Consulting, leading providers of IT training and open systems consulting. He has 28 years of experience in UNIX system administration, consulting, and training for more than three-hundred companies.

Preface xix

Acknowledgments xxv

About the Author xxvii

Chapter 1: Installing Oracle Solaris 11 1

Preparation for Installing the OS 1

Using the Live Media Installer 11

Using the Interactive Text Installer: x86 23

Using the Interactive Text Installer: SPARC 33

Verifying the Operating Environment 42

Upgrading from a Previous Version of Oracle Solaris 55

Changing an Oracle Solaris Instance 56

Updating the OS 61

Summary 61

Chapter 2: Managing and Updating Software with IPS 63

Understanding IPS 64

Installing and Managing Packages 70

BEs 93

Update the OS 109

Summary 120

Chapter 3: Boot and Shutdown Procedures for SPARC and x86-Based Systems 121

The Boot Process: SPARC 121

The OpenBoot Environment 124

Booting a SPARC System 155

Booting an x86-Based System 166

The Boot Archive 174

The Kernel 177

The init Phase 182

SMF 183

Create SMF Manifest and Profiles 213

System Shutdown 229

syslog 237

rsyslog 242

Summary 244

Chapter 4: Administering Storage Devices 245

Instance Names 255

Major and Minor Device Numbers 257

Logical Device Names 258

A File System Defined 263

Defining a Disk's Geometry 264

Disk Slices 267

Administering LUNs 285

Summary 287

Chapter 5: Administering ZFS File Systems 289

Introduction to ZFS 290

ZFS Hardware and Software Requirements 294

ZFS System Process 294

ZFS RAID Configurations 294

Creating a Storage Pool 295

Creating a ZFS File System 298

Renaming a ZFS File System 304

Listing ZFS File Systems and Storage Pools 304

ZFS Components 312

Encrypting ZFS File Systems 314

Removing a ZFS File System 317

Removing a ZFS Storage Pool 320

Adding Storage Space to a ZFS Storage Pool 322

Mirrored Storage Pools 323

RAID-Z Storage Pools 324

Attaching and Detaching Devices in a Storage Pool 327

Taking Devices in a Storage Pool Offline and Online 332

ZFS History 333

ZFS Properties 334

Mounting ZFS File Systems 344

Sharing ZFS File Systems 349

ZFS Snapshots 349

ZFS Clones 357

zpool scrub 359

Replacing Devices in a Storage Pool 360

The ZFS Root File System 368

Monitoring ZFS 375

Migrate Legacy File Systems to ZFS 378

Summary 381

Chapter 6: Administering Zones 383

Oracle Solaris 11 Enhancements 385

Consolidation and Resource Management 385

Oracle Solaris Zones 386

Non-global Zone Root File System Models 390

Networking in a Zone Environment 392

Planning the Zone 393

Zone Service Instances and Daemons 394

Configuring a Zone 395

Viewing the Zone Configuration 409

Administering Zones: zoneadm 411

Log In to a Zone: zlogin 421

Using ZFS for Oracle Solaris Zones 425

Zone Resource Controls 429

Create an Exclusive-IP Zone 433

Create a Shared-IP Zone 447

Migrate an Oracle Solaris 10 Global Zone to Oracle Solaris 11 (P2V) 450

Back Up a Zone 453

Recover a Zone 454

Delegated Zone Administration 455

Summary 455

Chapter 7: User and Security Administration 457

Administering User Accounts 457

Managing User and Group Accounts from the Command Line 460

Setting Up Shell Initialization Files 469

The Home Directory 475

Projects 476

Name Services 477

System Security 477

RBAC 487

Controlling File Access 503

Auditing Users 515

Controlling Network Security 522

The Secure Shell (ssh) 533

Common-Sense Security Techniques 538

Summary 539

Chapter 8: Managing System Processes 541

ps 543

pgrep 547

prstat 549

top 556

mpstat 557

ptree 559

time 559

svcs 560

Proc Tools and /proc 560

Process Types 562

Using Signals 565

Scheduling Processes 569

Using the Oracle Solaris Batch-Processing Facility 575

Configure System Core Files 581

Configure System Crash Dumps 584

Summary 587

Chapter 9: The Oracle Solaris Network Environment 589

Client/Server Model 589

Network Interface 592

Fixed Network Configuration 592

Reactive Network Configuration 606

Configuring Additional Network Services 609

The System Hostname 613

Virtual Networking 615

Checking the Network 621

Network Services 624

Summary 629

Chapter 10: Network File Systems 631

NFS Overview 631

NFS Version 4 632

Sharing a File System 635

ZFS Sharing within a Non-Global Zone 643

Mounting a Remote File System 644

Changing the NFS Version 649

AutoFS 650

Mirror Mounts 666

Troubleshooting NFS Errors 667

Summary 669

Index 671

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