This book examines the European governance of emerging security technologies.
The emergence of technologies such as drones, autonomous robotics, artificial intelligence, cyber and biotechnologies has stimulated worldwide debates on their use, risks and benefits in both the civilian and the security-related fields. This volume examines the concept of 'governance' as an analytical framework and tool to investigate how new and emerging security technologies are governed in practice within the European Union (EU), emphasising the relational configurations among different state and non-state actors. With reference to European governance, it addresses the complex interplay of power relations, interests and framings surrounding the development of policies and strategies for the use of new security technologies. The work examines varied conceptual tools to shed light on the way diverse technologies are embedded in EU policy frameworks. Each contribution identifies actors involved in the governance of a specific technology sector, their multilevel institutional and corporate configurations, and the conflicting forces, values, ethical and legal concerns, as well as security imperatives and economic interests.
This book will be of much interest to students of science and technology studies, security studies and EU policy.
Antonio Calcara is Adjunct Professor at the Vesalius College, Belgium, and Postdoctoral Researcher at LUISS Guido Carli, Italy.
Raluca Csernatoni is Guest Professor at the Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium, and Visiting Researcher at Carnegie Europe, Belgium.
Chantal Lavallée is Assistant Professor of International Studies at Royal Military College Saint-Jean, Canada.
Introduction: Emerging Security Technologies: An Uncharted Field for the EU Antonio Calcara, Raluca Csernatoni and Chantal Lavallée
1. The European Defence Agency and the Subcommittee on Security and Defence: A "Discursive Coalition" for EU Defence Research Antonio Calcara
2. Financing Rhetoric? The European Defence Fund and Dual-Use Technologies Daniel Fiott
3. The Security Politics of Innovation: Dual-use Technology in the EU's Security Research Programme Bruno Oliveira Martins and Neven Ahmad
4. Drone Surveillance, a Dual-Use Practice? Samuel Longuet
5. Normative Market Europe? The Contested Governance of Cyber-surveillance Technologies Maximiliano Vila Seoane
6. European Security in Cyberspace: A Critical Reading André Barrinha
7. EU Cyber Defence Governance: Facing the Fragmentation Challenge Delphine Deschaux-Dutard
8. Europe United: An Analysis of the EU's Public Diplomacy on Twitter Ilan Manor
9. Developing Future Borders: The Politics of Security Research and Emerging Technologies in Border Security Clemens Binder
10. Security Meets Science Governance: the EU Politics of Dual-Use Research Dagmar Rychnovská
11. Governance of Dual Use Research in the EU: The Case of Neuroscience Inga Ulnicane
12. Managing Security Uncertainty with Emerging Technologies: The Example of the Governance of Neuroprosthetic Research Benjamin Farrand
13. Drones and Artificial Intelligence: The EU's Smart Governance in Emerging Technologies Raluca Csernatoni and Chantal Lavallée
Conclusion: The Governance of Emerging Security Technologies: Towards A Critical Assessment Ciara Bracken-Roche