Introduction to Forensic Anthropology

 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 5. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 19. September 2016
  • |
  • 502 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-317-28180-1 (ISBN)
 

This book provides comprehensive coverage of the methods and issues in the current practice of forensic anthropology. It introduces students to all the major topics in the field, with material ranging from the attribution of ancestry and sex, to various forms of bone trauma, to identification through radiography.

Introduction to Forensic Anthropology uses the terminology and best practices recommended by the Scientific Working Group for Forensic Anthropology (SWGANTH). The fifth edition has been fully updated in light of recent developments, incorporating new and improved methods as well as fresh data. The section on human osteology and odontology in particular has been expanded.

This accessible and engaging text offers an array of features to support teaching and learning, including:

    • boxed case studies

    • extensive figures and photographs

    • chapter summaries and student exercises

    • a glossary of terms

    • further resources via a companion website.

    5. Auflage
    • Englisch
    • London
    • |
    • Großbritannien
    Taylor & Francis Ltd
    • Für höhere Schule und Studium
    • Neue Ausgabe
    • 66 s/w Tabellen
    • |
    • 66 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
    • 42,55 MB
    978-1-317-28180-1 (9781317281801)
    weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt

    Steven N. Byers has a Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of New Mexico (UNM), USA. Now retired, he worked for a number of years on various campuses of UNM, teaching courses in Forensic Anthropology, Biological Anthropology, and Archaeology. He is currently serving on the Anthropology Consensus Body of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Standards Board, in addition to focusing on Southeastern United States bioarchaeology. Byers' publications with Taylor & Francis include Introduction to Forensic Anthropology (in its 5th edition), and Forensic Anthropology Lab Manual (in its 4th edition).

    Foreword by Stanley Rhine

    Preface

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    Historical Background

    Forensic Anthropologists and the Medicolegal Community

    Forensic Anthropology and Juriceprudence

    Forensic Anthropology Protocol and the Layout of This Book

    Methods of Forensic Anthropology

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 2 Basics of Human Osteology and Odontology

    Overview of the Human Skeleton

    Basic Topics in Osteology

    Overview of the Human Dentition

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 3

    Distinguishing Bone and Teeth From Other Material

    Distinguishing Human From Nonhuman

    Contemporary Versus Noncontemporary

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 4 Recovery Scene Methods

    Preliminary Issues

    Locating Remains

    Mapping Remains

    Grave Excavation

    Remains

    Disasters

    Genocide Investigations

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 5 Estimating Postmortem Interval

    Overview of Decomposition

    Decomposition and Skeletonization

    Animal Scavenging

    MethodsSummary . Exercises

    Chapter 6 Initial Treatment and Examination

    Forensic Anthropology Laboratory

    Preparation of Remains

    Reconstruction, Sorting, and Reassembly

    Inventorying Remains

    Highly Fragmented Remains

    Summary . Exercises <

    Chapter 7 Attribution of Ancestry

    Anthroposcopic Traits

    Metric Methods

    Miscellaneous Ancestral Characteristics

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 8 Attribution of Sex

    Sexing the Pelvis

    Sexing the Skull

    Miscellaneous Methods

    Sexing Subadults

    Other Methods

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 9 Estimation of Age at Death<

    Subadults

    Adults

    Symphyseal Surface

    Auricular Surface of the Os Coxa

    Sternal Rib Ends

    Cranial Suture Closure

    Other MethodsSummary . Exercises

    Chapter 10 Calculation of Stature

    Basics of Stature Reconstruction

    Full Skeleton Methods

    Long Limb Bones

    Other Skeletal Elements

    Fleshed Body Segments

    Partial Long Limb Bones

    Adjustments to StatureSummary . Exercises

    Chapter 11 Death, Trauma, and the Skeleton

    Cause and Manner of Death

    Basics of Bone Trauma

    of Forces Causing Trauma

    Types of Trauma

    Timing of Bone Injury

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 12 Projectile Trauma

    Basics of Ammunition and Firearms

    Basics of Bullet Travel

    Effects of Bullets on Bone

    Bullet Wound Analysis

    Pellet Wound Analysis

    Miscellaneous Projectiles

    Determining Cause and Manner of Death

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 13 Blunt Trauma

    Characteristics of Instruments

    Types of Fractures

    Effects of Blunt Instruments

    Wound Analysis

    Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary . Exercises

    Chapter 14 Sharp and Miscellaneous Trauma

    Sharp Trauma

    Effects of Sharp Instruments

    Wound Analysis

    Blast Trauma

    Chemical Trauma

    Determining Cause and Manner of DeathSummary . Exercises

    Chapter 15 Antemortem Skeletal Conditions

    Pathological Conditions

    Skeletal Anomalies

    Occupational Stress Markers

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 16 Postmortem Changes to Bone

    Dismemberments

    Animal Scavenging

    Fire Damage

    Weathering

    Burial Damage

    Water Transport Damage

    Miscellaneous

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 17 Additional Aspects of Individualization

    Facial Approximation

    Assessing Handedness

    Estimating Body Weight

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 18 Obtaining an Identification

    Positive Identification

    Probable Identification

    Miscellaneous Techniques

    Summary . Exercises

    Chapter 19 Conclusion

    Ethical Responsibilities

    The Final Report

    Courtroom Testimony

    Future of Forensic Anthropology

    Summary

    References

    Note on Photography

    Index

    A superb update of one of the most comprehensive introductory texts for teaching forensic anthropology, especially in North America. Intended for undergraduate students, this richly illustrated and easy to read compendium remains the go-to single reference for students, instructors, and professionals interested in the basics of forensic anthropology. Michael Pietrusewsky, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

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