Michael Young, Social Science, and the British Left, 1945-1970

Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 2. September 2020
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-260780-5 (ISBN)
In post-war Britain, left-wing policy maker and sociologist Michael Young played a major role in shaping British intellectual, political, and cultural life, using his study of the social sciences to inform his political thought. In the mid-twentieth century the social sciences significantly expanded, and played a major role in shaping British intellectual, political and cultural life. Central to this intellectual shift was the left-wing policy maker and sociologist Michael Young. As a Labour Party policy maker in the 1940s, Young was a key architect of the Party's 1945 election manifesto, 'Let Us Face the Future'. He became a sociologist in the 1950s, publishing a classic study of the East London working class, Family and Kinship in East London with Peter Willmott in 1957, which he followed up with a dystopian satire, The Rise of the Meritocracy, about a future society in which social status was determined entirely by intelligence. Young was also a prolific social innovator, founding or inspiring dozens of organisations, including the Institute of Community Studies, the Consumers' Association, Which?magazine, the Social Science Research Council and the Open University. Moving between politics, social science, and activism, Young believed that disciplines like sociology, psychology and anthropology could help policy makers and politicians understand human nature, which in turn could help them to build better political and social institutions. This book examines the relationship between social science and public policy in left-wing politics between the end of the Second World War and the end of the first Wilson government through the figure of Michael Young. Drawing on Young's prolific writings, and his intellectual and political networks, it argues that he and other social scientists and policy makers drew on contemporary ideas from the social sciences to challenge key Labour values, like full employment and nationalisation, and to argue that the Labour Party should put more emphasis on relationships, family, and community. Showing that the social sciences were embedded in the project of social democratic governance in post-war Britain, it argues that historians and scholars should take their role in British politics and political thought seriously
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 0,83 MB
978-0-19-260780-5 (9780192607805)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Lise Butler is a Lecturer in Modern History at City, University of London. She is a historian of modern Britain, interested in political history, left-wing politics, and the history of the social sciences. She completed her doctorate at University College Oxford, and has held a lectureship in History at Pembroke College Oxford and an Archives By-Fellowship at Churchill College Cambridge. She is originally from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Cover
  • Michael Young, Social Science, and the British Left, 1945-1970
  • Copyright
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Historiography-Towards an Intellectual History of Social Science
  • Plan and Argument
  • 1 'We Were All Very Sick and Very Stupid': The Conference on the Psychological and Sociological Problems of Modern Socialism and the Politics of the Group
  • From Jingoism to Bowlbyism: Psychology and the British Progressive Tradition
  • Oxford and the Social Sciences
  • Pluralism, Psychology, and the Politics of the Group
  • From National Psychology to Grassroots Democracy
  • Michael Young and Active Democracy
  • 2 'Bigness is the Enemy of Humanity' Political and Economic Planning, Social Science, and Public Policy, 1945-1950
  • Dartington Hall and Political and Economic Planning
  • PEP and Active Democracy
  • The Human Potential of the Nation': PEP, Human Relations, and Industrial Democracy
  • Small Man, Big World
  • 3 'For Richer, For Poorer' Family Policy and Women, 1950-1952
  • A New Note of Hysteria?
  • For Richer, For Poorer
  • Richard Titmuss on Women and Welfare
  • The Suburban Neurosis
  • Family Allowances
  • Conclusion: 'A Difficulty for Every Solution in Housing'
  • 4 The Institute of Community Studies, 1953-1958
  • Beyond Beveridge
  • Peter Townsend, Secondary Poverty, and Older People
  • Jobs for All?
  • 'Mothers and Daughters': Social Science, Family, and Matriarchy in the Metropolis
  • Bowlby and Child Psychology
  • 'A Live Sociology is an International Sociology'-Edward Shils and Talcott Parsons
  • Anthropology, Raymond Firth, and the Matrilineal Extended Family
  • Family Planning: The Politics of Kinship
  • The Rise of the Meritocracy and the Revolt of the Women
  • Conclusion
  • 5 From Kinship to Consumerism Coming to Terms with the Middle Class, 1958-1963
  • Affluence and the Left
  • We Shall Have to Come to Terms with Middle-Class People': The Institute of Community Studies and the Suburbs
  • Cambridge
  • Conclusion
  • 6 Facing the Future Social Science in the First Wilson Government, 1964-1970
  • The Social Sciences Arrive
  • Facing the Future: The SSRC and the Committee on the Next Thirty Years
  • New Society and a New Radicalism?
  • Conclusion
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Archives and Private Papers
  • Newspapers
  • Periodicals
  • Printed Primary Sources
  • Secondary Sources
  • Unpublished Conference Papers
  • Unpublished Dissertations
  • Interview
  • Websites and Digital Databases
  • Index

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