A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology

Twelve Lessons with an Integrated Course in Phonetic Transcription
 
 
Narr Francke Attempto (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 18. Januar 2016
  • |
  • 169 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Wasserzeichen-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-8233-7996-6 (ISBN)
 
This is a fully integrated course book aimed at universi-ty students of English in the German-speaking region. It presents a staged and clearly developed introducti on to the theory of pronunciati on combined with a wealth of transcripti on exercises and an accompanying CD. The book requires no prior knowledge of linguisti cs. From the outset, it explains key concepts in easy-to-understand language, highlights key terms in the text for easy re-view, and gives translati ons of many of the terms into German. Additi onally, a glossary provides students with a handy quick reference. The transcripti on exercises gui-de students from exploratory tasks to basic transcripti on to the more demanding transcripti on of natural dialogue, and all exercises are supplied with annotated soluti ons. The book is carefully divided into lessons and exercises which can be managed in 12 two-hour classes, leaving enough ti me for review and examinati on in a university term of 14 weeks or more. 'a well structured and easy-to-follow introducti on to the basics of the theory of pronunciati on, accompanied by a carefully designed set of practi cal exercises and a step-by-step transcripti on course' (Snezhina Dimitrova, Linguist List)

Peter Burleigh, MSt, is Lecturer in English Language and Linguistics at Basel University. Dr. Paul Skandera is Professor of English at Management Center Innsbruck.
  • Englisch
  • Tübingen
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • 1,37 MB
978-3-8233-7996-6 (9783823379966)
3823379968 (3823379968)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Peter Burleigh, MSt, is Lecturer in English Language and Linguistics at Basel University.
Dr. Paul Skandera is Professor of English at Management Center Innsbruck.
  • Intro
  • Contents
  • A note to students and instructors
  • LESSON 1 THE PRELIMINARIES
  • What is linguistics?
  • Prescriptivism and descriptivism
  • Parole vs. langue and performance vs. competence
  • The four core areas of linguistics
  • Other branches of linguistics
  • What are phonetics and phonology?
  • Phonetics
  • Phonology
  • Whose pronunciation are we describing?
  • The notion of a standard variety
  • Received Pronunciation: An accent
  • How do we write down spoken language?
  • Traditional spelling
  • Phonetic transcription
  • The International Phonetic Alphabet
  • LESSON 2 THE DESCRIPTION OF SPEECH SOUNDS
  • Phonetic features
  • Loudness
  • Pitch
  • Tone of voice
  • Duration and length
  • Air-stream mechanism
  • Voicedness and voicelessness: The state of the glottis
  • Phonologically relevant features: Distinctive features
  • Intensity of articulation I: Lenis and fortis
  • Place of articulation I
  • Manner of articulation I
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 3 CONSONANTS
  • The phoneme
  • The English consonant phonemes
  • Place of articulation II
  • Manner of articulation II
  • The consonant table
  • The problem cases
  • Of semi-vowels, contoids, and vocoids ...
  • ... and more terminological confusion
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 4 VOWELS
  • The description of vowels
  • Manner of articulation III
  • The vowel chart I
  • The cardinal vowels
  • The English vowel phonemes
  • Long vowels
  • Short vowels
  • The vowel chart II
  • Intensity of articulation II: Lax and tense
  • Diphthongs and triphthongs
  • The shortening of vowels, nasals, and the lateral
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 5 ALLOPHONIC VARIATION
  • The allo-/-eme relationship
  • Allophone vs. phoneme
  • The two allophone criteria
  • Allophones in free variation
  • Allophones in complementary distribution
  • Devoicing
  • Fronting and retraction
  • Two (or three) types of phonetic transcription
  • Phonetic transcription proper
  • Phonemic transcription
  • Broad phonetic transcription: An intermediate type
  • Unstressed i- and u-sounds
  • A brief excursion into morphophonology
  • The regular plural, the possessive case, and the third-person singular morphemes
  • The regular past tense and past participle morphemes
  • The pronunciation of the letter sequence
  • Exercises
  • LESSON 6 CONNECTED SPEECH
  • Linking
  • Liaison
  • Linking r and intrusive r: Two cases of liaison
  • Non-rhotic and rhotic accents
  • Juncture
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 7 THE SYLLABLE
  • A phonetic approach to the syllable
  • Phonotactics
  • A phonological approach to the syllable
  • Syllabic consonants
  • Stressed and unstressed syllables vs. strong and weak syllables
  • Stress patterns in polysyllabic words
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 8 STRONG AND WEAK FORMS
  • What are strong and weak forms?
  • Grammatical words
  • The distribution of strong and weak forms
  • The forms
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 9 CONNECTED SPEECH, CONTD.
  • Rhythm
  • What is rhythm?
  • Two types of rhythm
  • Assimilation
  • What is assimilation?
  • Various types of assimilation
  • The opposite of assimilation: Dissimilation
  • Elision
  • What is elision?
  • Various types of elision
  • The opposite of elision: Intrusion
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 10 ALLOPHONIC VARIATION, CONTD.
  • Aspiration
  • Secondary articulation
  • Main types of secondary articulation
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 11 MORE ALLOPHONES
  • t-sounds
  • r-sounds
  • l-sounds
  • EXERCISES
  • LESSON 12 INTONATION
  • What is intonation?
  • Pitch
  • The tone unit
  • Intonation patterns
  • Tone unit structure
  • Functions of intonation
  • EXERCISES
  • Appendix I: Solutions to the exercises
  • Appendix II: Glossary of linguistic terms

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