Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. Januar 2019
  • |
  • 858 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-809901-8 (ISBN)
 

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology.

  • Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains
  • Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features
  • Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries
  • Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations
  • Englisch
  • Saint Louis
  • |
  • USA
  • 42,60 MB
978-0-12-809901-8 (9780128099018)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • A Tribute to Don Ortner
  • References
  • 1 Introduction
  • History of the First Edition From Donald J. Ortner
  • Acknowledgments for the First Edition
  • History of the Second Edition From Donald J. Ortner
  • Acknowledgments for the Second Edition
  • Objectives of the First and Second Editions
  • History of the Third Edition From Jane E. Buikstra
  • Acknowledgments for the Third Edition
  • Objectives of the Third Edition
  • Format of the Volume
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • 2 A Brief History and 21st Century Challenges
  • A Brief History of Paleopathology
  • 21st Century Paleopathology
  • Paleoepidemiology
  • Epidemiology and Paleoepidemiology
  • The Relationship Between Paleoepidemiology and Paleopathology
  • Paleoepidemiology and the Osteological Paradox
  • References
  • 3 Themes in Paleopathology
  • Social and Identity Theory
  • Feminist and Gender Theory
  • The Intersectionality of Sex, Gender, and Age
  • Structural Violence
  • Ancient Humans and Impairment, Disability, and Care
  • Osteobiography in Paleopathology
  • References
  • 4 Fundamentals of Human Bone and Dental Biology: Structure, Function, and Development
  • Skeletal Structure, Function, and Cellular Basis of Bone Biology
  • Evolution of the Vertebrate Skeleton
  • Gross Function and Anatomy
  • Bone Tissue: Composition and Organization
  • Cartilaginous Tissue
  • Bone Cells
  • Molecules and Signaling Pathways: Master Control Mechanisms
  • Skeletogenesis and Bone Modeling
  • Embryological and Developmental Processes
  • Bone Modeling
  • Endochondral Ossification
  • Intramembranous Ossification
  • The Facial Skeleton
  • Bone Remodeling
  • The Basic Multicellular Unit
  • Tooth Structure and Formation
  • Enamel
  • Dentin
  • Periodontal Ligament and Cementum
  • Tooth Morphogenesis
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 Abnormal Bone: Considerations for Documentation, Disease Process Identification, and Differential Diagnosis
  • Abnormal Bone: General Considerations and Gross Appearance
  • Description of Abnormal Bone
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Cases of Abnormal Bone: Modeling Description, Identification, and Differential Diagnoses
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 6 Histomorphology: Deciphering the Metabolic Record
  • Introduction
  • Visualization of Histological Structures in Dry Bone
  • Histomorphology: Deciphering the Metabolic Record
  • The Cellular Basis of Bone Formation and Resorption
  • Remodeling and the Morphology of the BMU
  • Calculation of Remodeling Parameters From BSUs
  • Application of Remodeling Parameters to Pathological Cases and Archeological Skeletal Populations
  • Why Bones Break: Histomorphometric Assessment of Bone Strength and Fragility
  • Mechanical Loading Shapes the Material and Structural Properties of Bone Tissue
  • Bone Functional Adaptation
  • Mechanical Loading Modes Experienced by Bone
  • Material Properties and Bone Strength
  • Trade-Offs Between Strength and Toughness in Fracture Resistance
  • Normal Trajectory of Remodeling Rate Over the Lifespan
  • Describing Osteopenia and Osteoporosis in Modern Populations
  • Describing Bone Loss in Past Populations
  • Bone Strength at the Microscale: Microdamage as an Energy-Dissipating Mechanism
  • Morphology of Microdamage Depends on Loading Mode
  • Diffuse Microdamage as an Energy-Dissipating Mechanism
  • Microdamage Tends to Initiate at Stress-Concentrating Voids
  • Changes With Age: Increased Mineralization Accelerates Microdamage Accumulation
  • Changes With Age: Older Tissue Loses Osteocyte Sensitivity to Microdamage
  • Intraskeletal Variability in Microdamage Accumulation
  • Bone Strength at the Microscale: Lacunar-Canalicular Architecture Reflects Osteocyte Activity
  • Osteocyte Lacunar Density and Volume Increases With Higher Strain
  • Changes With Age: Osteocyte Lacunar Density Decreases
  • Changes With Age: Percent Occupied Lacunae Decreases
  • Changes With Age: Altered Lacunar-Canalicular Architecture
  • Osteocytic Osteolysis and Pathology
  • Bone Strength at the Microscale: Vascular Porosity Reflects Resorption Activity
  • Vascular Porosity Reflects Regional Mechanical Strain
  • Changes With Age: Increased Vascular Porosity Weakens Bone
  • Bone Strength at the Microscale: Secondary Osteon Size and Shape as Toughening Mechanisms
  • Small, Circular Osteons Are Associated With Higher Mechanical Strain
  • Mechanical Strain Directs Three-Dimensional Secondary Osteon Orientation
  • Changes With Age: Secondary Osteons Become Smaller and More Circular
  • Structural Properties of Whole Bone in Cross-Section
  • Radial Expansion of the Cross-Section Results From Growth in Bone Length
  • Sexual Dimorphism in Radial Expansion During Growth and Senescence
  • Sexual Dimorphism in Trabecular Bone Loss With Age
  • Estrogen Deficiency Also Contributes to Bone Loss in Elderly Men
  • Cortical Drift During Growth Alters Cross-Sectional Shape
  • Assessment of Axial Loading Differences Through the Relative Cortical Area
  • Cross-Sectional Shape as a Metric of Loading Direction
  • The Parabolic Index: An Overlooked Cross-Sectional Indicator of Osteoporosis
  • Pathology and Histomorphometry
  • Remodeling Processes Commonly Disrupted by Pathology
  • Pathological Alteration of Remodeling Rate Over the Lifespan
  • Pathological Alteration of Mineralization
  • Pathological Alteration of Collagen Deposition
  • Infection: Osteomyelitis
  • Cancer: Metastatic Bone Disease
  • Cancer: Osseous Bone Tumors
  • Imbalances of Bone Remodeling: Paget's Disease of Bone (PDB)
  • Imbalances of Bone Remodeling: Osteopetrosis
  • Disorders of Bone Mineral Homeostasis: Rickets/Osteomalacia
  • Disorders of Bone Mineral Homeostasis: Hyperparathyroidism
  • Disorders of Bone Mineral Homeostasis: Hyperthyroidism
  • Disorders of Bone Mineral Homeostasis: Diabetes mellitus
  • Disorders of Bone Mineral Homeostasis: Glucocorticoid Excess
  • Collagen Disorders: Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 7 The Role of Imaging in Paleopathology
  • Why Is Medical Imaging Important?
  • A Brief History of Radiology in Paleopathology
  • Basic Principles and Terminology
  • Radiographic Appearance of Pathologic Conditions
  • Mummies, Paleopathology, and Radiography
  • Other Bone Changes and Radiography
  • Harris Lines
  • Body Mass Calculations
  • Osteoporosis
  • Taphonomic Alterations
  • Other Imaging Modalities
  • Microcomputed Tomography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 8 Ancient DNA in the Study of Ancient Disease
  • Introduction to Ancient DNA
  • History/Trajectory of the Field
  • Current Methods
  • DNA Preservation
  • Sample Preparation and DNA Extraction
  • NGS Analyses
  • Microbiome Analyses
  • Applications of Ancient DNA
  • Ancient DNA of Pathogens That Can Leave Bony Changes: Leprosy, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, Malaria, Syphilis
  • Leprosy
  • Tuberculosis
  • Brucellosis
  • Malaria
  • Syphilis
  • Mass Graves and "Invisible" Pathogens: Smallpox, Plague, Cholera, Enteric Dysentery, and Flu
  • Yersinia pestis
  • Smallpox
  • Food and Waterborne Outbreaks
  • Influenza
  • "Invisible" Pathogens (to the Paleopathological Record)
  • Parasites and Commensals (Lice, Worms, and the Microbiome)
  • Lice
  • Parasites in Feces
  • The Gut Microbiome
  • The Oral Microbiome
  • Future Prospects for Ancient Pathogen Research
  • References
  • 9 Trauma
  • Introduction
  • Trauma
  • Pathology
  • Classification of Fractures
  • Fracture Mechanisms
  • Fracture Healing
  • Bony Sequelae of Trauma
  • Dental Trauma
  • Subluxation and Dislocation
  • Recording Trauma
  • Paleopathology
  • Introduction
  • Trauma Resulting From Intentional Violence
  • Fractures Resulting From Accidental Events
  • Fracture Treatment
  • Complications of Fracture
  • Dislocation (Luxation) and Subluxation
  • Trauma, Mortality, and Violence in Past Societies
  • Mortality Patterns in the Past
  • Organized Violence
  • Structural Violence
  • Child Abuse
  • Elder Abuse
  • Intimate Partner Abuse
  • Violence Directed Toward Bodies
  • Traumatic Surgical Interventions
  • Amputation
  • Trepanation
  • Sincipital T-Mutilation
  • Trauma to the Skeleton Through Cultural Modifications
  • Cranial Modification
  • Foot Binding
  • Waist Training
  • Dental Modification
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References
  • 10 Infectious Disease: Introduction, Periostosis, Periostitis, Osteomyelitis, and Septic Arthritis
  • Introduction
  • Humoral Versus Cellular Responses to Infectious Agents
  • Vascular Changes in Response to Infectious Agents
  • The Biology of Infection
  • Periostitis or Periostosis
  • Pathology
  • Periostosis in Particular Parts of the Skeleton
  • Paleopathology
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Pathology
  • Hematogenous Osteomyelitis
  • Infant Osteomyelitis
  • Adult Osteomyelitis
  • Changes in Specific Bones
  • Skull
  • Spine
  • Short Tubular Bones
  • Cancellous Bones
  • Paleopathology of Osteomyelitis
  • The Skull
  • Postcranial Osteomyelitis
  • Septic Arthritis
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Summary
  • References
  • 11 Bacterial Infections
  • Introduction
  • Tuberculosis
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Statistical Data
  • General Pattern of Bone and Joint Tuberculosis
  • The Spine
  • The Hip
  • The Knee
  • The Ankle (Distal Tibia and Fibula) and Tarsal Bones
  • The Tubular Bones of the Hands and Feet
  • The Shoulder
  • The Elbow
  • The Wrist and Carpal Bones
  • The Shaft of Long Bones
  • Ribs
  • Sternum
  • The Skull
  • Cranial Vault
  • Cranial Base
  • Facial Bones
  • Paleopathology
  • Old World Evidence
  • New World Evidence
  • Was There Pre-Columbian Tuberculosis?
  • Phylogeography of American Tuberculosis
  • Skeletal Examples
  • Leprosy
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Direct Effects of M. leprae
  • Indirect Effects of M. leprae
  • Periostosis of Limb Bones
  • Other Bone Changes Associated With Leprosy
  • Diagnosis of Leprosy in Skeletal Remains
  • Paleopathology
  • Naestved, Denmark
  • Chichester, England
  • Treponematosis, Treponemal Infection, or Treponemal Disease (TD)
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Yaws
  • Bejel (or Endemic Syphilis or Treponarid)
  • Venereal Syphilis (VS)
  • The Skull
  • The Spine
  • The Long Bones
  • The Joints
  • Congenital Syphilis (CS)
  • Paleopathology
  • Historical Documents
  • Skeletal Remains
  • Theories of Disease Evolution
  • Molecular Evidence
  • Skeletal Examples
  • Congenital Syphilis
  • Adult Treponemal Disease
  • Brucellosis
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Glanders
  • Pathology
  • Actinomycosis and Nocardiosis
  • Pathology
  • Plague
  • Introduction
  • Paleopathology
  • References
  • 12 Fungal, Viral, Multicelled Parasitic, and Protozoan Infections
  • Fungal Infections
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • North American Blastomycosis
  • Paracoccidioidomycosis
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Mucormycosis (Phycomycosis and Zygomycosis)
  • Mycetoma (Maduromycosis)
  • Sporotrichosis
  • Aspergillosis
  • Paleopathology of Fungal Infections
  • Viral Infections
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Smallpox (Variola)
  • Rubella
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Paget's Disease
  • Skull
  • Long Bones
  • Spine
  • Flat Bones
  • Paget's Disease Sarcoma
  • Paleopathology of Viral Infections
  • Smallpox
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Paget's Disease
  • Multicelled Parasitic Infections
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Echinococcosis
  • Paleopathology of Multicelled Parasitic Infections
  • Protozoan Infections
  • Pathology
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Malaria
  • Paleopathology of Protozoan Infections
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Malaria
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • References
  • 13 Parasitology
  • Bringing Ortner Forward in Time and Application: Echinococcus granulosus
  • Archeological Data Violating Clinical Predictions Signal Fruitful Areas of Investigation: The Case of Enterobius vermicularis
  • Chagas Disease, Mummies, and Molecular Biology: Adjusting Clinical Perspectives
  • Lice Reflect Social Organization, Interaction, and Privation
  • Medicines and Dietary Analysis
  • Cemetery Studies: Korea and Central Russia AD 1500-1800
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 14 Circulatory, Reticuloendothelial, and Hematopoietic Disorders
  • Circulatory Disorders
  • Blood Supply of Bones
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Paleopathology
  • Necrosis of the Femoral Head
  • Paleopathology
  • Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease and Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
  • Paleopathology
  • Other Disorders Associated With Osteonecrosis
  • Köhler's Disease of the Tarsal Navicular
  • Freiberg's Disease of a Metatarsal Head
  • Other Diseases Associated With Trauma and Vascular Deficiency
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
  • Paleopathology
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
  • Paleopathology
  • Scheuermann's Disease
  • Paleopathology
  • Hypertrophic (Pulmonary) Osteoarthropathy
  • Paleopathology
  • Aneurysmal Erosion
  • Paleopathology
  • Reticuloendothelial Disorders
  • Lipid Storage Diseases
  • Gaucher's Disease
  • Niemann-Pick Disease
  • Other Lipidoses
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (Histiocytosis X)
  • Paleopathology
  • Hematopoietic Disorders
  • Anemias
  • Thalassemia
  • Sickle Cell Anemia and Its Genetic Variants
  • Hereditary Spherocytosis (Congenital Hemolytic Anemia)
  • Iron-Deficiency Anemia
  • Erythroblastosis Fetalis
  • Paleopathology of Anemia
  • Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Iron-Deficiency Anemia
  • Leukemia
  • Myeloma
  • Paleopathology
  • References
  • 15 Metabolic Disease
  • Introduction
  • Vitamin C Deficiency
  • Subadult Scurvy
  • Paleopathology
  • Adult Scurvy
  • Paleopathology
  • Vitamin D Deficiency
  • Rickets
  • Paleopathology
  • Osteomalacia
  • Paleopathology
  • Co-occurrence of Rickets and Scurvy
  • Osteoporosis
  • Methods in the Study of Osteoporosis in Paleopathology
  • Measurement of Bone Quantity
  • Measurement of Bone Quality
  • Paleopathology
  • Conclusion
  • Fluorosis
  • Paleopathology
  • Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna
  • Paleopathology
  • References
  • 16 Endocrine Disturbances
  • Introduction
  • Pituitary Disturbances
  • Pathology
  • Pituitary Gigantism
  • Acromegaly
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Pituitary Dwarfism
  • Paleopathology
  • Gigantism
  • Acromegaly
  • Pituitary Dwarfism
  • Other Endocrine Disturbances
  • Introduction
  • Pathology
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Hypogonadism
  • Hypergonadism
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Albright's Hereditary Osteodystrophy
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism (Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica Generalisata)
  • Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
  • Paleopathology
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Albright's Hereditary Osteodystrophy
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • References
  • 17 Congenital and Neuromechanical Abnormalities of the Skeleton
  • Introduction
  • Skull
  • Pathology
  • Anencephaly
  • Cleft Lip and/or Palate
  • Congenital Herniations
  • Premature Suture Closure
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Paleopathology
  • Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
  • Congenital Herniation
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Biparietal Fenestra
  • Premature Fusion of Sutures
  • Spine
  • Pathology
  • Spina Bifida
  • Congenital Kyphosis and Lordosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Sacralization and Lumbarization
  • Klippel-Feil Syndrome
  • Spondylolysis
  • Postparalytic Deformities of the Spine
  • Paleopathology
  • Scoliosis
  • Spina Bifida
  • Klippel-Feil Syndrome
  • Spondylolysis
  • Ribs and Sternum
  • Pathology and Paleopathology
  • Pelvis
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Extremities
  • Pathology
  • Postparalytic Deformities of the Appendicular Skeleton
  • Paleopathology
  • Postparalytic Deformities
  • References
  • 18 Skeletal Dysplasias and Related Conditions
  • Introduction
  • Defects in Endochondral Bone Formation
  • Achondroplasia
  • Pathology
  • Thanatophoric Dwarfism
  • Paleopathology
  • Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasias
  • Paleopathology
  • Acromesomelia
  • Léri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis
  • Paleopathology
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Pathology
  • Defects in Intramembranous Bone Formation
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Pathology
  • Type I (A and B) Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Type II Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Types III and IV Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Paleopathology
  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia
  • Pathology
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Pathology
  • Malignant Osteopetrosis
  • Metaphyseal Dysplasia (Pyle's Disease)
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Progressive Diaphyseal Dysplasia (Camurati-Engelmann's Disease)
  • Pathology
  • Palaeopathology
  • Melorheostosis (Leri's Disease)
  • Pathology
  • Osteopoikilosis
  • Pathology
  • Osteopathia Striata
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • References
  • 19 Tumors of Bone
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Diagnosis
  • Paleopathology
  • Primary Benign Tumors
  • Pathology
  • Osteogenic Tumors
  • Osteoma
  • Osteoid Osteoma
  • Osteoblastoma
  • Chondrogenic Tumors
  • Chondroma
  • Osteochondroma
  • Chondroblastoma
  • Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation and Subungual Exostosis
  • Chondromyxoid Fibroma
  • Fibrogenic, Fibrohistiocytic, and Fibro-Osseous Lesions
  • Desmoplastic Fibroma
  • Nonossifying Fibroma and Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma
  • Fibrous Dysplasia
  • Osteofibrous Dysplasia
  • Osteoclastic Giant Cell-Rich Tumors
  • Giant Cell Tumor of Bone
  • Vascular Tumors
  • Hemangioma and Vascular Malformations
  • Epithelioid Hemangioma
  • Meningioma
  • Cystic Lesions
  • Simple Bone Cysts
  • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
  • Intraosseous Epidermal Cyst and Dermoid Cyst
  • Paleopathology
  • Osteogenic Tumors
  • Osteoma
  • Osteoid Osteoma and Osteoblastoma
  • Chondrogenic Tumors
  • Chondroma
  • Osteochondroma
  • Chondroblastoma
  • Fibrogenic, Fibrohistocytic, and Fibro-Osseous Lesions
  • Nonossifying Fibroma
  • Fibrous Dysplasia
  • Osteoclastic Giant Cell-Rich Tumors
  • Giant Cell Tumor of Bone
  • Vascular Tumors
  • Hemangioma and Vascular Anomalies
  • Meningioma
  • Cystic Lesions
  • Primary Malignant Bone Tumors
  • Pathology
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing Sarcoma of Bone
  • Chordoma
  • Adamantinoma
  • Paleopathology
  • Bone Metastases
  • Pathology
  • Biology of Bone Metastases
  • Diagnostic Features
  • Paleopathology
  • Abbreviations
  • Carina Marques
  • References
  • 20 Joint Disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • A Note on Nomenclature
  • Pathophysiology of Osteoarthritis
  • Types of Osteoarthritis
  • Precipitants of Osteoarthritis
  • Paleopathological Diagnosis
  • The Distribution of Osteoarthritis in the Skeleton
  • Particular Features of Osteoarthritis in Different Joints
  • Effects of Osteoarthritis During Life
  • Osteoarthritis and Occupation
  • Other Conditions With Proliferation or Eburnation
  • The Erosive Arthropathies
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • The Sero-Negative Arthropathies
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Reactive Arthropathy
  • Psoriatic Arthropathy
  • Enteropathic Arthropathy
  • Some General Comments on the Sero-Negative Arthropathies
  • Erosive Osteoarthritis
  • The Crystal Arthropathies
  • Gout
  • Septic Arthropathy
  • References
  • 21 The Dentition: Development, Disturbances, Disease, Diet, and Chemistry
  • Introduction
  • Dental Development
  • Dentin
  • Enamel
  • Disturbances in Dental Development
  • Abnormal Quality of Teeth: Disturbance of Dentin Development
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Abnormal Quality of Teeth: Disturbance of Enamel Development
  • Pathology
  • Palaeopathology
  • Abnormal Quality of Teeth: The Effects of Disease
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Abnormal Quantity of Teeth and Dental Crowding
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Abnormal Size of Teeth
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Dental Anomalies
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Dental Discoloration
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Identifying Dental Wear and Oral Disease
  • Dental Wear
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Caries
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Alveolar Lesions
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Other Miscellaneous Conditions of the Oral Cavity
  • Pathology
  • Odontogenic Cysts: Pathology and Paleopathology
  • Odontogenic Tumors: Pathology and Paleopathology
  • Nonodontogenic Cysts and Tumors: Pathology and Paleopathology
  • Hyperostosis/Tori: Pathology and Paleopathology
  • Antemortem Tooth Loss
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Periodontal Disease
  • Pathology
  • Paleopathology
  • Interpreting Oral Health
  • Sex Differences in Oral Health
  • Oral Health and Demographic Transitions
  • Dental Chemistry
  • Introduction
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Bulk Stable Isotope Analysis Background
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Bulk Stable Isotope Analysis in Bioarcheological Research
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis Background
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis in Bioarcheological Research
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Trace Elements Background
  • Paleodietary Reconstruction: Trace Elements in Bioarcheological Research
  • Patterns of Breastfeeding and Weaning: Background
  • Patterns of Breastfeeding and Weaning: The Bioarcheological Research
  • Understanding Stress and Disease From Chemical Analyses: Background
  • Understanding Stress and Disease From Chemical Analyses: The Bioarcheological Research
  • Human Mobility and Migration: Background
  • Human Mobility and Migration: The Bioarcheological Research
  • Dental Calculus
  • Pathology: Dental Calculus Formation
  • Paleopathology: Microparticle Analyses of Dental Calculus in Bioarcheology
  • Paleopathology: Chemical Analyses of Dental Calculus for Bioarcheological Research
  • Paleopathology: aDNA and Protein Analyses of Dental Calculus for Bioarcheological Research
  • References
  • 22 Mummies and Paleopathology
  • Paleopathological Examination of Mummies
  • Endoscopy
  • Tissue Histology
  • Mummy Paleopathology
  • Neoplasms
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitic and Helminth Diseases (See Also Chapter 14)
  • Other Diseases of Visceral Organs
  • Lesions, Trauma, and Cause of Death
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 23 Nonhuman Animal Paleopathology-Are We so Different?
  • Introduction
  • Research Foci Within Nonhuman Animal Paleopathology
  • Areas of Departure
  • Areas of Commonality
  • Toward Closer Integration
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 24 Postscript
  • The Future of Paleopathology
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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