Theories of the Soundtrack

 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 3. Oktober 2018
  • |
  • 432 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-937109-9 (ISBN)
 
A theory of the soundtrack is concerned with what belongs to the soundtrack, how a soundtrack is effectively organized, how its status in a multimedia object affects the nature of the object, the tools available for its analysis, and the interpretive regime that the theory mandates for determining the meaning, sense, and structure that sound and music bring to film and other audiovisual media. Beyond that, a theory may also delineate the range of possible uses of sound and music, classify the types of relations that films have used for image and sound, identify the central problems, and reflect on and describe effective uses of sound in film. This book summarizes and critiques major theories of the soundtrack from roughly 1929 until today. Rather than providing an exhaustive historical survey, it sketches out the range of theoretical approaches that have been applied to the soundtrack since the commercial introduction of the sound film. The basic theoretical framework of each approach is presented, taking into account the explicit and implicit claims about the soundtrack and its relation to other theories. The organization is both chronological and topical, the former in that the chapters move steadily from early film theory through models of the classical system to more recent critical theories; the latter in that the chapters highlight central issues for each generation: the problem of film itself, then of image and sound, of adequate analytical-descriptive models, and finally of critical-interpretative models.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
6 charts
  • 16,46 MB
978-0-19-937109-9 (9780199371099)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Jim Buhler is a Professor of Music Theory and Director of the Center for American Music at the University of Texas and lead author of Hearing the Movies: Music and Sound in Film History (2009, 2014).
Chapter 1: Introduction Five Vignettes of Early Sound Film The Hybridity of Sound Film Sound Film, an Audiovisual Medium Film Sound and "Occult Aesthetics" This Volume Chapter 2: Early Theories of Sound Film Introduction: The Specificity of the Sound Film The Statement on Sound and the Concept of Counterpoint Sergei Eisenstein and Counterpoint Vsevolod Pudovkin and Asynchronous Sound The Case of Deserter Perceptual Realism Béla Balázs and the Physiognomy of the Voice Rudolf Arnheim and the Unity of Sound Harry Potamkin and the Compound Cinema Chapter 3: Theories of the Classic Sound Film: Grammars and Typologies Introduction Sergei Eisenstein and Vertical Montage Modes of Synchronicity Aaron Copland and the Functions of Film Music Functions Reservations Hanns Eisler and Theodor W. Adorno and Critical Theory Contra Eisenstein The Negative Thesis: Sham Identity Bad Habits The Classical System and the Typological Analysis Raymond Spottiswoode and Film Grammar Siegfried Kracauer and the Types of Cinematic Sound Roger Manvell and John Huntley and "Functional" Music On the Difference between Realistic and Nonrealistic Music Chapter 4: Language, Semiotics, Deleuze The Linguistic Analogy Jean Mitry and Language and Rhythm Semiotics of Film/Semiotics of Music Christian Metz and Aural Objects Gilles Deleuze and the Movement-Image Zero-Point: Perception-Image Firstness: Affection-Image First Intermediary Stage: Impulse-image Secondness: Action-Image Large Action Form Small Action Form Second Intermediary Stage: Reflection-image Thirdness: Relation-Image Chapter 5: Neoformalism and Four Models of the Soundtrack Introduction: Semiotics and Formalism Neoformalism Kristin Thompson and the Analytical Approach David Bordwell and the Music(ologic)al Analogy Noël Carroll and Modifying Music Formal Models of Music and Film Kathryn Kalinak and Captain Blood A Working Model of Film Music General Considerations Explicit Relations of Music to Narrative Implicit Relations of Music to Narrative Combining Implicit and Explicit Relations of Music to Narrative Nicholas Cook and Multimedia Systems David Neumeyer and Vococentrism Annabel Cohen and the Congruence-Association Model Chapter 6: Narratology and the Soundtrack Introduction Narratology and Film Narratology and the Soundtrack Claudia Gorbman and Narrative Functions Sarah Kozloff and the Narrative Functions of Dialogue Michel Chion and the Audiovisual Scene Giorgio Biancorosso and the Cinematic Imagination Robynn Stilwell and the Fantastical Gap Jeff Smith and Film Narration Ben Winters and the Nondiegetic Fallacy Guido Heldt and Levels of Narration Music and Focalization Focalization in Casablanca Conclusion Chapter 7: Critical Theory and the Soundtrack Introduction Hermeneutics of Suspicion Ideology of Content (1): Topic Theory Ideology of Content (2): The Table of Knowledge and Communicative Efficiency Musical Topics: A Postcolonial Critique Ideology of System Ideology of Apparatus Gender, Sexuality, and the Soundtrack Soundtrack Theory and Feminist Theory Soundtrack Theory and Queer Theory Queering Asynchronous Sound Queerness and Spectacle Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) and the Economy of Sacrifice The Hours (2002) and Sacrificial Inversion Chapter 8: Psychoanalysis, Apparatus Theory, and Subjectivity Introduction The Appareil Jean-Louis Baudry and the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus Jean-Louis Comolli and Technique and Ideology Mary Ann Doane and the Ideology of Sound Editing Rick Altman and the Heterogeneity of Sound James Lastra and Representational Technology Music and the Appareil The Dispositif Jean-Louis Baudry and the Dispositif Jean-Louis Comolli and the Dispositif Christian Metz and Enunciation Dispositif and Suture Mary Ann Doane and the Fantasmatic Body Pascal Bonitzer and the Voiceover and Voice-off Suture and the Soundtrack Jeff Smith and the Critique of Psychoanalytical Model of Film Music Neo-Lacanian Theory The Gaze and the Voice Michel Chion and "There is No Soundtrack" Mimetic Synchronization and the Sexual Relation Michel Chion and Rendering Chapter 9: Theories of the Digital Soundtrack Introduction The Ontological Divide Animated Image, Stylized Sound: The Radical Effects of Digital Rendering Music, Sound Design, and Digital Audio Production Theories of Stereophonic Sound Affective Intensities, the Withering of the Leitmotif, and the Withdrawal of Identity Postclassical Cinema and the Fraying of Narrative Conclusion Bibliography Index

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