The Art and Science of Poisons

 
 
PublishDrive
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 4. Juni 2018
  • |
  • 300 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-68108-697-2 (ISBN)
 

Poisons, due to their lethal nature, invoke a sense of fear in humans. Yet, they have also impacted other aspects of human life. Poisons have been used by nomadic hunters to kill their prey, by scientists to explore complex biochemical mechanisms of the b

  • Englisch
  • Sharjah
  • |
  • Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
  • 8,62 MB
978-1-68108-697-2 (9781681086972)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • CONTENTS
  • FOREWORD
  • PREFACE
  • CONSENT FOR PUBLICATION
  • CONFLICT OF INTEREST
  • ACKNOWLEDEGEMENTS
  • DEDICATION
  • The Deadliest Poison
  • INTRODUCTION
  • POISONS MOST VILE
  • Ranking of Poisons by Lethal Dose
  • Toxin from Clostridium Botulinum
  • Nerve Gas
  • Deadly Snake Venom, Taipoxin
  • Radioactive Poison
  • REEVALUATING THE MOST TOXIC POISONS
  • SCIENTIFIC AND MEDICAL DETAILS AND CALCULATIONS
  • Overview
  • Poisoning by Polonium
  • Poisoning by Nerve Gases
  • TOXICITIES OF SELECTED POISONS
  • Traditional LD50 Toxicities
  • Proposed LD50* Toxicities
  • Sources for LD50 Values
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Classical Poisons: Arsenic, Hemlock and the Asp
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TALES OF THREE POISONS
  • Arsenic Poisoning
  • Arsenic May Have Been Used by Nero for Murder
  • Arsenic Poisonings in 19th Century England
  • The Intriguing Case of Marie Lafarge
  • The Overview
  • The Setting
  • The Principal Characters
  • The Intrigue
  • The Alleged Arsenic Poisoning and the Trial
  • Arsenic, the Poison, and its Toxic Mechanisms
  • Arsenic Forensics
  • Hemlock and Death of Socrates
  • Death of Cleopatra by the Asp
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Scorpion Venoms
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE DAWN SINGER
  • SCORPION VENOMS
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Poisoned by Lovely Plants
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BELLADONNA, THE DEADLY NIGHTSHADE
  • A SENSATIONAL MURDER STORY MORE THAN 100 YEARS AGO
  • The Trial of Crippen and its Modern Reinvestigation
  • Details of the Crippen Trial
  • Forensic Evidence that Convicted Hawley Crippen
  • FOUR TRAGICALLY POISONOUS PLANTS
  • Introduction
  • White Snakeroot (Argeratina altissima)
  • Caster Bean (Ricinus communis)
  • Ricin Mechanism of Toxicity in the Body
  • The Strange Case of Georgi Markov and Ricin Poisoning
  • Rosary Pea (Jequirity) and Abrin
  • Mechanism of Toxicity of Abrin
  • Monkshood
  • The Strange Case of George Lamson
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Cyanide
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CYANIDE, THE POISON
  • Brief History
  • CLINICAL EFFECTS OF CYANIDE
  • Cyanide Poisoning
  • Mechanisms of Cyanide Toxicity
  • Signs and Symptoms of Cyanide Poisoning
  • Treatment for Cyanide Poisoning
  • CYANIDE POISONINGS, THE UNUSUAL AND THE BIZZARE
  • The Circumstances of Rommel's Death by Cyanide
  • Suicides of Hitler and Eva Braun
  • Suicides of Herman Göring and other Nazi Leaders.
  • Mass Suicides in Germany at the End of WWII
  • Jim Jones and a Mass Killing by Cyanide
  • Slobodan Praljak
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Venoms and Poisons from the Sea
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SEA SNAKE
  • SEA ANEMONE
  • FIRE CORAL
  • TETRODOTOXIN
  • Blue-Ringed Octopus, a Source of Tetrodotoxin Poisoning
  • Puffer Fish, a Source of Tetrodotoxin Poisoning
  • CIGUATERA DINOFLAGELLATES AND TOXINS
  • STONE FISH
  • BOX JELLY FISH
  • CONE SHELLS
  • Crown-of-Thorns Starfish, Lion Fish, Stingray, and Scomboid Toxin
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Spiders, their Venoms, and a Bit More
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE SPIDER'S WEB
  • SPIDERS IN LITERATURE
  • Athena and Arachne
  • Other Spider Tales
  • BLACK WIDOW
  • Black Widow Venom, a-latrotoxin plus a Complex of Enzymes
  • SYDNEY FUNNEL-WEB SPIDER
  • Funnel-Web Spider Venoms
  • BRAZILIAN WANDERING SPIDER
  • Effects of Venom
  • BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER
  • Clinical Effects of the Venom
  • THE TRANTULA
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Snakes and their Venoms
  • INTRODUCTION
  • RATTLESNAKES
  • Rattlesnake Venom
  • THE COPPERHEAD SNAKE
  • Copperhead Venom
  • THE COTTONMOUTH MOCCASIN
  • Venom of the Cottonmouth Moccasin
  • MAMBAS
  • Black Mamba Venom
  • Green Mambas
  • COBRAS
  • Snake Charmers
  • Cobra Venom
  • Brown Snakes
  • Brown Snake Venom
  • Inland Taipan
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • A Potpourri of Poisons
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MEDICINES
  • Pain Medications
  • Statins
  • Cancer Drugs
  • Doxorubicin
  • STRYCHNINE
  • CURARE
  • PESTICIDES
  • Paraquat
  • Warfarin and Brodifacoum
  • Alcohols
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Oxygen
  • NOTES
  • REFERENCES
  • Subject Index

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