Parties and Elections in America

The Electoral Process
 
 
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • 9. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 17. März 2020
  • |
  • 512 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-5381-3607-2 (ISBN)
 
This classic text provides an in-depth examination and history of American political parties and their critical role in representative democracy at the local, state, and national levels.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
By Mark D. Brewer and L. Sandy Maisel
  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright Page
  • Brief Contents
  • Contents
  • Figures and Tables
  • About the Authors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Elections and Political Parties
  • An Examination of Elections in the United States
  • The Role of Elections in Democratic Theory
  • Modes of Elections
  • Implications for Representation
  • Definitions of "Political Party" and "Party Systems"
  • Conclusion
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • American Political Parties and Party Organization
  • The Development of American Political Parties
  • The First Party System
  • The Second Party System
  • The Third Party System
  • The Fourth Party System
  • The Fifth Party System
  • A Sixth Party System-Yes, But Defined How?
  • The Modern Party Organization
  • Local and County Organizations
  • State Party Organizations
  • Party Organization at the National Level
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Voting and Other Forms of Political Participation
  • Who Votes
  • Who Doesn't
  • Expansion of the Franchise
  • Decline in Voter Participation
  • Voters in Presidential Elections
  • Models of Voting Behavior: The American Voter
  • Critics of the American Voter Model
  • Presidential Voting Reviewed
  • Voters in Congressional, Senatorial, and State and Local Elections
  • Voting Behavior Theory Revisited
  • Voting in the Real World
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Organized Groups in the Political Process
  • Organized Groups in American Politics
  • Political and Nonpolitical Associations
  • Politically Active Groups
  • Electoral Activities of Organized Groups
  • Working within the Party
  • Group Ratings
  • Political Action Committees
  • Interest Groups' Influence on their Members
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Campaign Finance
  • The Long History of Campaign Finance Reform
  • The Climate for Reform
  • The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and Efforts at Amendment
  • Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1 (1976) and Its Impact
  • The Seven-Year Battle for McCain-Feingold and Its Demise
  • The Costs of Democracy and Who Pays for It
  • The Costs
  • Sources of Campaign Funds
  • Campaign Finance in a Post-Citizens United and Post-McCutcheon World
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • State and Local Nominations
  • Political Context and Politicians' Decisions to Run
  • Development of the Direct Primary System
  • Primaries as a Response to One-Party Domination
  • Primaries as an Item on the Progressive Agenda
  • Varieties of Primaries
  • Who May Run
  • Who May Vote
  • Who Wins
  • The Politics of Nominations
  • Uncontested Nominations
  • Contested Nominations
  • Conclusion
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • State and Local Elections
  • The Conventional Wisdom: Old versus New Politics
  • The New Politics: Campaigning in a Media Age
  • Redistricting and Reapportionment
  • The Role of Political Parties
  • The Role of Organized Groups
  • Media Politics
  • The Candidate's Personal Organization
  • The Structure of a Modern Campaign
  • Old-Style Politics: A More Prominent Role for Parties
  • Reexamination of the Role of Political Parties
  • Local Campaigns in the Absence of Party
  • Do Campaigns Determine Who Wins Elections?
  • Lack of Competition in American Elections
  • Incumbent Advantage in US House and State Legislative Races
  • Competition in US Senate and Gubernatorial Races
  • Credible Competition in American Elections
  • Third Parties in State and Local Elections
  • Conclusion
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Presidential Nominations
  • The Post-1968 Reforms
  • The McGovern-Fraser Commission
  • The 1972 Nomination
  • The Reform Movement: An Assessment
  • Twenty-First-Century Presidential Nominations
  • Strategic Considerations in the Contests for Nominations
  • The Political Calendar
  • The Rules of the Game
  • Strategic Use of Campaign Resources
  • Evaluating Nominating Campaigns
  • The Conventions
  • Credentials Challenges
  • Rules Disputes
  • Party Platforms
  • Vice Presidential Nominations
  • An Evaluation of the Conventions
  • The Presidential Nominating Process as It Stands
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Presidential Elections
  • From the Convention to the General Election
  • Organizing for the General Election
  • Structuring the Campaign Organization
  • Functions of a Presidential Campaign Organization
  • Setting a Campaign Strategy
  • Strategies for the General Election
  • Geographic Determinations
  • Coalition Strategies
  • Issue Strategies
  • The Strategic Use of Incumbency
  • Tactics for the General Election
  • Tactical Considerations of Where to Go
  • Tactical Considerations of Media Use
  • Tactical Considerations of Image Establishment
  • The Tactics of Presidential Debates
  • Third-Party Candidates in Presidential Elections
  • The All-Consuming Nature of a Presidential Campaign
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • The Media and the Electoral Process
  • The Media in the Contemporary Context
  • Free or Earned Media: Journalists' Presentations of Candidates and Campaigns
  • The Varieties of Free Media
  • The Role of the Free/Earned Media
  • The Actual Role That the Media Play
  • An Assessment of the Role of Free Media
  • Paid Media: The Candidate Provides the Message
  • Types of Paid Media
  • Controversies Caused by the Use of Paid Media
  • Impact of Paid Media on Election Campaigns
  • An Uneasy yet Necessary Relationship in Transition
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Party in Government
  • Theoretical and Historical Context: Is Strong Party Government Possible in the United States?
  • Measuring Party Strength in Congress
  • Party Organization in Congress: The Leadership Hierarchy in the House and Senate
  • House Leadership
  • Senate Leadership
  • The President as Leader of Party in Government
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • The Role of Political Parties
  • The Role of Elections
  • The Context of Federalism
  • Voters, Parties, and Elections
  • The Electronic Revolution: Television and Digital Media
  • The Parties in the Modern Election
  • Parties' Appeal to the Electorate
  • The Tone of Twenty-First-Century Politics
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Critical Thinking Questions | Key Terms
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Photo Credits
  • Index

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