This brief includes information on the background of and development of synthesis of various types of surface active monomers. The authors explain the importance of utilization of surface active monomers for creation of surface active polymers and the various biomedical applications of such compounds . This brief introduces techniques for the synthesis of novel types of surface active monomers, their colloidal and polymerizable properties and application for needs of medicine and biology.
Mykola Borzenkov received his Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry at Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine. The Ph.D. thesis "Synthesis and properties of surface active monomers based on derivatives of based on derivatives of hydroxy and amino carboxylic acids" were carried out under supervision of prof. Orest Hevus. At present time M. Borzenkov is a research assistant at Department of Physics at University of Milan-Bicocca (Milan, Italy). His main research fields are synthesis and application of functional surface active monomers, synthesis, functionalization and biomedical application of gold nanoparticles. Orest Hevus is a professor of Organic Chemistry. From 1979 to the present he has been working at Lviv Polytechnic National University. His research field is synthesis of functional surface active peroxides and monomers.
Introduction 1. Synthesis of surface active monomers 1.1. Basic concept of surfmers 1.2. Synthesis of maleic surfmers 1.3. Synthesis of surface active monomers containing maleimide fragment 1.4. Syntheis of (meth)acrylate surface active monomers 1.5. Synthesis of surface active monomers containing styrene polymerizable fragment References 2 Colloidal properties of surface active monomers 2.1. Colloidal properties of surfactanats 2.2. Fundamentals of colloidal chemistry of surface active monomers 2.3. Properties and polymerization of micelles, vesicles, mesophases or lyotropic liquid crystals, and microemulsions 2.3.1. Micelles 2.3.2. Vesicles and bilayers 2.3.3. Lyotropic liquid crystals 2.3.4. Microemulsions References 3 Polymerization behavior of surface active monomers 3.1. Emulsion polymerization 3.2. Polymerization in microemulsion 3.3. Radical polymerization and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) 3.4. Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization 3.5. Synthesis of polyelectrolyte polymers References 4 Application of surface active monomers and polymers containing links of surface active monomers 4.1. The importance of polymers of biomedical applications 4.2. The application of surfmers for creating materials of biomedical application. A brief review of publications References