During recent decades, social inequalities have increased in many urban spaces in the globalized world, and education has not been immune to these tendencies. Urban segregation, migration movements and education policies themselves have produced an increasing process of school segregation between the most disadvantaged social groups and the middle classes.
Exploring school segregation patterns in Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, England, France, Peru, Spain, Sweden and the USA, this volume provides an overview of the main characteristics and causes of school segregation, as well as its consequences for issues such as education inequalities, students' performance, social cohesion and intercultural contact.
The book is organized in three parts, with Part 1 exploring the systemic dimensions of education inequalities that shape different patterns of school segregation, and the extent to which public policies have addressed this challenge. Part 2 focuses on the consequences of school segregation on student performance and other educational aspects, and the Part 3 explores how school segregation dynamics are shaped by market forces and privatization of education. Whilst focusing on different dimensions of school segregation, each chapter explores the magnitude, trends and consequences of school segregation, providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the phenomenon and facilitating cross-country comparisons. Moreover, the volume provides important evidence about the dynamics and characteristics of school segregation, which is key for the planning and implementation of de-segregation policies.
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Xavier Bonal is Professor of Sociology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain, and Special Professor in Education and International Development at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He is Director of the Globalisation, Education and Social Policies (GEPS) research group of the Department of Sociology of the UAB and a founding member of the Interdisciplinary Group on Educational Policies. He is the coordinator of Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree on Education Policies for Global Development (GLOBED).
Cristián Bellei is Associate Researcher at the Center for Advanced Research in Education and Professor in the Sociology Department, both at the University of Chile, Chile. He previously worked at the Chilean Ministry of Education and UNICEF in Chile; he has also been a consultant for UNESCO, the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. He is the author of The Great Experiment: Market and Privatization of Chilean Education (2015).
1. Introduction: The Renaissance of School Segregation in a Context of Globalization, Xavier Bonal (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain) and Cristián Bellei (University of Chile, Chile)
Part I: Patterns of School Segregation and Social Inequalities
2. School Segregation in France: The Role of Public Policies and Stakeholder Strategies, George Fezoulis, Barbara Fouquet-Chauprade and Samuel Charmillot (University of Geneva, Switzerland)
3. Structural and Systemic Dimensions of School Segregation in (French-Speaking) Belgium, Vicent Dupriez, Marie Verhoeven and Samir Barbana (Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium)
4. Patterns of School Segregation in Brazil: Inequalities and Education Policy, Marcio da Costa, Tiago Lisboa Bartholo (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Part II: School Segregation and Student Performance
5. Refining Measures of Poverty and their Impact on Student Progress in England, Stephen Gorard and Nadia Siddiqui (Durham University, UK)
6. An Evaluation of the Intensity and Impacts of Socioeconomic School Segregation in Argentina, Natalia Krüger (Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina)
7. A Synthesis of Social Science Research on the Effects of Ethnic, Racial, and Socioeconomic Composition of Schools in the United States, Roslyn Arlin Mickelson (University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA)
Part III: Market Dynamics and School Segregation
8. School Segregation in the Free School Choice Context of Dutch Cities, Willem R. Boterman (University of Amsterdam)
9.The Ungoverned Education Market and the Deepening of Socioeconomic School Segregation in Peru, Maria Balarin and Aurora Escudero (Group for the Analysis of Development, GRADE, Peru)
10. School segregation in the Spanish quasi-market education system: local dynamics and policy absences, Xavier Bonal and Adrián Zancajo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain)
11. The Production of Socio-Economic Segregation in Chile's Education System, Cristián Bellei, Mariana Contreras, Manuel Canales and Víctor Orellana (University of Chile, Chile)
Part IV: Conclusions
12. Conclusions: International Perspectives, Patterns, and Challenges on School Segregation: An Interview with Gary Orfield, Xavier Bonal (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain) and Cristian Bellei (University of Chile, Chile)
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