Equilibrium Models in Economics

Purposes and Critical Limitations
Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. April 2017
  • |
  • 200 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-027435-1 (ISBN)
The concept of equilibrium is fundamental to economic theory, according to which, it exists when supply and demand are balanced. Equilibrium Models in Economics critically examines the major problematic assumptions employed to build equilibrium models. It gives particular attention to the assumptions used to characterize learning, knowledge and expectations. Lawrence Boland here explores whether equilibrium models can provide a realistic explanation of economic events and objects such as prices, market demands and market supplies. He traces how the different perspectives on equilibrium models represented by such creators as Kenneth Arrow, Robert Clower, and George Richardson influenced subsequent developments in economics. A key debate is about the comparative importance of whether equilibrium refers to a state of an actual economy or a property of a formal mathematical model. Another is the extent that the distinction between a model's exogenous vs. endogenous variables involves causality. Also explored are more recent efforts provided by behavioral, evolutionary, and complexity economics-whether they might change how economics is practiced in the future and how they could. Equilibrium Models in Economics is a trenchant exploration of how the discipline has grappled with attempts to understand and explain the way information, knowledge, and the expectations of actors participating in the economy influence outcomes and behavior. It presents a realistic, workable theory of knowledge and learning, simulating how decision makers and other actors operate in fast-changing equilibrium conditions.
  • Englisch
  • 3,03 MB
978-0-19-027435-1 (9780190274351)
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Lawrence A. Boland is Professor Emeritus at Simon Fraser University.
Contents Preface Part I: The purpose and problems for equilibrium models Chapter 1. Equilibrium models and explanation Chapter 2. Equilibrium attainment vs. equilibrium necessities Chapter 3. Does general equilibrium attainment imply universal maximization? Chapter 4. Time and knowledge matters: General equilibrium attainment. Chapter 5. Equilibrium concepts and critiques: two cultures. Part II: The limits of equilibrium models Chapter 6. Recognizing knowledge in equilibrium models. Chapter 7. Limits of equilibrium methodology: An educational dialogue. Chapter 8. Equilibrium models vs. realistic understanding. Chapter 9. Macroeconomic equilibrium model building and the stability problem Chapter 10. Equilibrium models intended to overcome limits. Chapter 11. Equilibrium models vs. evolutionary economic models Chapter 12. Equilibrium models vs. complexity economics Part III: Avenues for overcoming the limits equilibrium models: Chapter 13. Building models of price dynamics Chapter 14. Building models of non-clearing markets Chapter 15. Building models of learning and the equilibrium process Epilogue: Prospects for changing equilibrium model building practice in economics Bibliography Names Index Subject Index

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