Modern constitutionalism as an idea and practice is facing great uncertainty in current times. Scholarly debates focus predominantly on constitutions beyond the state, while the predicament of domestic constitutionalism is much less considered. This volume contributes to a theoretically informed analysis of the key challenges and changes affecting domestic constitutionalism in Europe and beyond, departing from the idea of 'constitutional acceleration' or the increased propensity of different actors to engage in (formal) reform of the constitutional order. The volume points to a fundamental change in the function of constitutions in that constitutions themselves are increasingly subjects of political contestation rather than framing political debates.
The collection of essays addresses a range of critical challenges - including societal acceleration, depoliticization, civic engagement, multi-faceted constituent power, modernization, populism and nationalism, and transnationalization. The volume includes a variety of disciplinary, and in some cases interdisciplinary, approaches, including (political) sociology, political science, constitutional law, and constitutional and legal theory, and will be of interest to researchers and students in any of these areas. Case studies focus on the EU and the wider European context, and include highly relevant but little known or ill-understood cases, such as the recent constitutional events in Iceland, Italy, or Romania, and cases of democratic reversal, such as Hungary, while also engaging with traditional but rapidly changing cases of constitutional interest, such as the UK.
Paul Blokker is Associate Professor and Jean Monnet Chair at the Institute of Sociological Studies, Charles University, Prague. His publications include New Democracies in Crisis? A Comparative Constitutional Study of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia, Routledge (2013); 'EU Democratic Oversight and Domestic Deviation from the Rule of Law: Sociological Reflections', in: C. Closa and D. Kochenov (eds), Reinforcing the Rule of Law Oversight in the European Union, CUP (2016); and, co-edited with Chris Thornhill, Sociological Constitutionalism, CUP (forthcoming, 2017).
Introduction: Constitutional Challenges, Reform, and Acceleration
Part 1: Reflections on Constitutional Change in Times of Acceleration
1. Towards Participatory Constitutionalism? Comparative European Lessons
2. (Not) Fast and (Not) Furious? (Un)constitutional responsiveness and the Boundaries of Constituent Imagination
3. The Multifaceted Sovereign: Domestic and International Actors in Constitutional Regime Change
Andrew Arato and Gábor Attila Tóth
Part 2: Constitutional Reforms in 'Established' Democracies
4. Participatory Constitution-Making and the Renovation of the UK Constitution
5. Constitutional Paradigms: The Italian 1948 Constitution between Conservation and Reform
6. Ireland's Evolving Constitution
Jane Suiter, David M. Farrell, and Clodagh Harris
7. The Constitution as a Political Tool in Iceland: From the Periphery to the Center of the Political Debate
Baldvin Thor Bergsson
Part 3: Constitution-Making, Constitutional Reform, and Deadlock in 'New' Democracies
8. Constitutional Revision in Romania: Post-Accession Pluralism in Action
9. Changing Constitutional Identity via Amendment
10. The Rise and Fall of Constitutionalism in Hungary