The Equine Acute Abdomen

 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 31. August 2017
  • |
  • 904 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-06324-7 (ISBN)
 
Written and edited by leading experts on equine digestive diseases, The Equine Acute Abdomen, Third Editionis the preeminent text on diagnosing and treating acute abdominal diseases in horses, donkeys, and mules.
* The definitive guide to acute abdominal disorders in equine patients, fully updated and revised to reflect the latest developments in the field
* Lavishly illustrated with more than 450 color illustrations, photographs, line drawings, and figures
* A companion website features video clips and images from the book available for download
* Provides an invaluable resource to equine surgery and internal medicine specialists, researchers, practitioners, and students who deal with colic
3. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Newark
  • |
  • USA
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Überarbeitete Ausgabe
  • 115,56 MB
978-1-119-06324-7 (9781119063247)
1119063248 (1119063248)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
The editors
ANTHONY T. BLIKSLAGER, DVM, PHD, DACVS, is Professor of Equine Surgery and Gastroenterology in the Department of Clinical Sciences at the College of Veterinary Medicine at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
NATHANIEL A. WHITE II, DVM, MS, DACVS, is Professor Emeritus of Equine Surgery at Virginia Tech's Marion duPont Scott Equine Medical Center, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, in Leesburg, Virginia, USA.
JAMES N. MOORE, DVM, PHD, DACVS, is Josiah Meigs Distinguished Teaching Professor and Director,
Educational Resources, in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia, USA.
TIM S. MAIR, BVSc, PHD, DEIM, DESTS, DECEIM, Assoc. ECVDI, FRCVS, is an equine practitioner and Director at Bell Equine Veterinary Clinic in Maidstone, UK.
  • Intro
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Editors
  • List of Contributors
  • Preface and Dedication
  • About the Companion Website
  • Part I Normal Anatomy and Physiology
  • Chapter 1 Gross and Microscopic Anatomy of the Equine Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Introduction
  • Esophagus
  • Esophagus-Stomach Junction
  • Stomach
  • Small Intestine
  • Large Intestine
  • Liver
  • Spleen
  • Pancreas
  • References
  • Bibliography
  • Chapter 2 Intestinal Epithelial Stem Cells
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Gastric Secretory Function
  • Stomach Anatomy and Physiology
  • Gastric Secretory Function
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Small Intestinal Function
  • Digestive Physiology: Anatomy
  • Intraluminal Digestion
  • Absorption of Ions and Water
  • Carbohydrate Absorption
  • Protein Absorption
  • Fat Absorption
  • Iron Absorption
  • Calcium and Magnesium Absorption
  • Intestinal Secretion
  • Function of the Ileum
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Large Intestine Function
  • Motility Patterns and Transit of Contents
  • Microbial Activity and Fermentation
  • Secretion and Absorption
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Liver Function
  • Bile Acid Metabolism and Excretion of Bile
  • Protein Metabolism
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Detoxification and Drug Metabolism
  • Storage
  • References
  • Chapter 7 The Equine Intestinal Microbiota
  • Introduction
  • The "Normal" Intestinal Microbiota
  • Intestinal Microbiota of Healthy Horses
  • Intestinal Microbiota and Disease in Horses
  • Effects of Antimicrobials on the Gut Microbiota
  • Modification of the Microbiota to Prevent or Treat Disease
  • Clinical Screening of Equine Fecal Microbiota
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Effects of Feeding on Equine Gastrointestinal Function or Physiology
  • Introduction
  • Feeding Grain
  • Feeding Grass
  • Replacing Grain with Fat
  • Feeding Mature Grass and Poor Quality Hay
  • Feeding Large Meals Intermittently and Fasting
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Intestinal Motility and Transit
  • Physiology of Normal Motility
  • References
  • Part II Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Chapter 10 Pathophysiology of Gastric Ulcer Disease
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Obstruction and Strangulation
  • Simple Obstruction
  • Strangulating Obstruction
  • Intestinal Reparative Mechanisms
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Pathophysiology of Pain
  • Introduction
  • Why Does Pain Exist? Is Pain Good or bad?
  • Manifestations of Abdominal Pain
  • General Anatomy and Function of the Nociceptive System
  • Visceral Pain
  • Sensitization of the Nociceptive System
  • Central Sensitization
  • Convergence - Referred Pain
  • Consequences of Pain
  • Implications of Pain Physiology for the Principles and Goals of Treatment of Abdominal Pain
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Pathophysiology and Treatment of Postoperative Ileus
  • Neurogenic Theory
  • Inflammatory Model
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Postoperative Ileus in the Horse
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Pathophysiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Adhesions
  • Pathophysiology of Intra-abdominal Adhesions
  • Prevention and Treatment of Intra-abdominal Adhesions
  • Treatment of Intra-abdominal Adhesions
  • Adhesion Prevention Strategies
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Pathophysiology of Enteritis and Colitis
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Ileus
  • Hypermotility
  • Hypersecretion
  • Osmotic Diarrhea
  • Decreased Absorption
  • Endothelial Dysfunction
  • Mucosal Barrier Function
  • Specific Diseases
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Pathophysiology of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
  • Introduction
  • Responses to Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs)
  • Receptors for Gram-negative Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands
  • Receptors for Gram-positive Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Mediators and their Source in the Horse
  • Summary
  • References
  • Part III Intestinal Parasitism
  • Chapter 17 Intestinal Parasitism
  • Principles of Intestinal Parasitism
  • Strongylus vulgaris
  • Cyathostomins
  • Tapeworms
  • Parascaris equorum
  • Other Intestinal Parasites
  • Prevention
  • References
  • Part IV Epidemiology of Colic
  • Chapter 18 Epidemiology of Colic: Principles for Practice
  • Introduction
  • Assessing the Accuracy of Clinical Studies of Colic
  • Interpreting Results of Colic Risk Factor Studies
  • Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 19 Epidemiology of Colic: Risk Factors
  • Introduction
  • Incidence of Colic
  • Factors that Predispose to Colic
  • Study of Colic Problems in Individuals and Herds
  • References
  • Part V Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disease
  • Chapter 20 Diagnostic Approach to Colic
  • Introduction
  • Signalment
  • History
  • Physical Examination
  • Hematology, Blood Gas, and Serum Biochemistry
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Investigations of Chronic and Recurrent Colic
  • References
  • Chapter 22 Alternative Diagnostic Techniques
  • Fecal Examination
  • Transit Time
  • Exploratory Laparotomy
  • Endoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • References
  • Chapter 23 Imaging of the Abdomen
  • Ultrasonography
  • Radiography
  • References
  • Chapter 24 Decision for Surgery and Referral
  • References
  • Chapter 25 Prognosticating Equine Colic
  • Prognosis for Survival
  • Prognosis for Specific Intestinal Diseases
  • Prognosis for Use
  • References
  • Chapter 26 Biosecurity in the Management of Equine Gastrointestinal Disease
  • Biosecurity
  • Identifying Patients of Concern
  • Management Protocols
  • Specific Conditions
  • Nonspecific Conditions
  • References
  • Part VI Medical Management
  • Chapter 27 Medical Management of Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Analgesia
  • Choice of Analgesics in Colic
  • Treatment of Intestinal Spasm and Spasmodic Colic
  • Treatment of Obstruction
  • Treatment of Ileus
  • References
  • Chapter 28 Treatment of Shock
  • Support of the Cardiovascular System
  • Fluid Therapy
  • References
  • Chapter 29 Diagnosis and Treatment of Peritonitis and Hemoperitoneum
  • Pathophysiology
  • Peritonitis
  • Hemoperitoneum
  • References
  • Chapter 30 Diagnosis of Enteritis and Colitis in the Horse
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • References
  • Part VII Colic in the Foal
  • Chapter 31 Diagnosis of Colic in the Foal
  • Signalment and History
  • Physical Examination
  • Ancillary Examination Techniques
  • References
  • Chapter 32 Imaging of the Foal with Colic and Abdominal Distention
  • Abdominal Radiography
  • Ultrasonography
  • References
  • Chapter 33 Medical Management of Colic in the Foal
  • References
  • Chapter 34 Surgical Management of Colic in the Foal
  • Introduction
  • Indications for Emergency Abdominal Exploration in the Foal
  • Techniques for Exploratory Laparotomy in the Foal
  • Prognosis Following Colic Surgery in Foals
  • References
  • Chapter 35 Anesthesia of Foals with Colic
  • Introduction
  • Specific Considerations
  • Anesthetic Management
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 36 Specific Diseases of the Foal
  • Stomach
  • Small Intestine
  • Large Intestine
  • Urinary Tract
  • Hernia
  • References
  • Chapter 37 Liver Diseases in Foals
  • Portosystemic Shunts
  • Tyzzer Disease and Other Infectious Causes of Liver Disease
  • Equine Herpesvirus-1 Hepatitis
  • Liver Failure in Foals After Neonatal Isoerythrolysis
  • Umbilical Vein Abscess Affecting the Liver
  • Portal Vein Thrombosis
  • Hyperammonemia Syndrome in Morgan Foals
  • Bile Duct Obstruction
  • Toxic Hepatopathy
  • References
  • Part VIII Colic in the Donkey
  • Chapter 38 Colic in the Donkey
  • Introduction
  • Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Physiology of the Donkey
  • Epidemiology and Risk Factors
  • Behavioral Indicators of Colic in the Donkey
  • Clinical Examination
  • Pharmacology
  • The Role of Parasites
  • Disorders of the Stomach and Small Intestine
  • Disorders of the Cecum, Colon, and Rectum
  • Colic Due to Abdominal Neoplasia and Other Abdominal Organs
  • Colic in the Overseas Working Donkey
  • References
  • Part IX Nutritional Management
  • Chapter 39 Nutritional Management of the Colic Patient
  • Nutrition and Feeding Management as It Relates to Colic Development and Prevention
  • Feeding Management of the Colic Patient
  • Estimating Nutrient Requirements
  • Modes of Nutritional Therapy
  • Feeding Management of Specific Gastrointestinal Conditions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part X Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery
  • Chapter 40 Anesthesia for Horses with Colic
  • Preanesthetic Assessment
  • Anesthetic Agents
  • Preparation for Anesthesia
  • Induction of Anesthesia
  • Maintenance of Anesthesia
  • Monitoring During Anesthesia
  • Management of Abnormalities
  • Recovery from Anesthesia
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part XI Surgery for Acute Abdominal Disease
  • Chapter 41 Preparation of the Patient for Abdominal Surgery
  • Patient Preparation and Positioning
  • Preparation of the Surgical Field
  • Skin Cleaning and Disinfection
  • Draping
  • Common Pitfalls When Preparing the Surgical Field
  • References
  • Chapter 42 Surgical Exploration and Manipulation
  • Ventral Midline Celiotomy
  • Ventral Paramedian Celiotomy
  • Comparisons of the Ventral Median and the Ventral Paramedian Approaches
  • Ventral Median Celiotomy in Foals
  • Inguinal and Parainguinal Celiotomy
  • Flank Laparotomy
  • Abdominal Exploration
  • Examination and Handling of the Small Intestine
  • Examination and Handling of the Large Intestine
  • Special Circumstances
  • Intestinal Placement
  • References
  • Chapter 43 Intestinal Viability
  • Small Intestine
  • Large Colon and Cecum
  • Small Colon
  • References
  • Chapter 44 Small Intestinal Resection and Anastomosis
  • Extent of Resection
  • Decompression
  • Ligation of Mesenteric Vessels
  • Suture Material for Anastomosis
  • Jejunojejunostomy
  • Jejunoileostomy
  • Ileoileostomy
  • Jejunocecostomy
  • Comparisons of Anastomosis Types
  • References
  • Chapter 45 Large Colon Enterotomy, Resection, and Anastomosis
  • Large Colon Enterotomy
  • Large Colon Resection
  • References
  • Chapter 46 Abdominal Closure
  • Peritoneum
  • Closure of the Body Wall
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Part XII Intensive Care and Postoperative Care
  • Chapter 47 Monitoring Treatment for Abdominal Disease
  • Frequency of Examinations
  • Physical Examinations
  • Pain
  • Cardiovascular Status
  • Fever
  • Inflammatory Markers
  • Respiratory Rate
  • Gastrointestinal Function
  • Urine Production
  • Laminitis
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Monitoring Clinical Pathology Parameters
  • Fluid Balance
  • Renal Function
  • Electrolyte Balance
  • Acid-Base Balance
  • References
  • Chapter 48 Postoperative Complications
  • Postoperative Pain
  • Postoperative Ileus (POI)
  • Incisional Complications
  • Postoperative Fever
  • Septic Peritonitis
  • Coagulopathy and Associated Complications
  • References
  • Chapter 49 Laminitis Associated with Acute Abdominal Disease
  • Pathogenesis: Physiologic Considerations
  • Pathogenesis: Structural Considerations of the Equine Digit
  • Laminitis in the Acute Abdomen Patient: Clinical Presentation and Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • References
  • Part XIII Specific Diseases of Horses
  • Chapter 50 Diseases of the Stomach
  • Gastric Ulcer Syndromes
  • Gastric Impaction
  • Gastric Dilation
  • Polypous Adenoma
  • Neoplasia
  • References
  • Chapter 51 Diseases of the Liver and Liver Failure
  • Causes of Liver Disease
  • Diagnosis of Liver Disease
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Primary Hyperammonemia
  • Hyperlipemia and Hepatic Lipidosis
  • Theiler Disease (Serum Hepatitis)
  • Other Causes of Acute Hepatic Disease and Failure in Adult Horses
  • Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Intoxication
  • Cholangiohepatitis and Choledocholithiasis
  • Etiopathogenesis
  • Other Biliary Conditions
  • Chronic Active Hepatitis
  • Klein Grass (Panicium coloratum) Toxicity
  • Alsike Clover Toxicity
  • Hepatic Neoplasia
  • Hepatic Amyloidosis
  • Iron Overload, Hemochromatosis
  • Right Hepatic Lobe Atrophy
  • References
  • Chapter 52 Diseases of the Small Intestine
  • Introduction
  • Strangulating Lesions
  • Nonstrangulating Obstructions
  • Inflammatory and Infiltrative Disease
  • References
  • Chapter 53 Diseases of the Cecum
  • Cecal Tympany
  • Cecal Impaction
  • Cecocecal and Cecocolic Intussusception
  • References
  • Chapter 54 Specific Diseases of the Ascending Colon
  • Large Colon Tympany
  • Large Colon Impaction
  • Sand Impaction
  • Enterolithiasis
  • Large Colon Displacement
  • Large Colon Volvulus
  • Right Dorsal Colitis
  • Mural Infarction (Thromboembolic Colic)
  • Other Strangulating Lesions of the Large Colon
  • References
  • Chapter 55 Diseases of the Descending Colon
  • Introduction
  • Surgical Considerations Affected by Anatomic Features of the Descending colon
  • Obstructive Lesions
  • Vascular and Strangulating Lesions
  • References
  • Chapter 56 Equine Grass Sickness
  • Introduction
  • Epidemiology
  • Pathogenesis and Pathology
  • Clinical Signs
  • Treatment
  • Prevention
  • References
  • Chapter 57 Rectal Tears
  • Anatomy
  • Etiology and Prevention
  • Location and Classification of Rectal Tears
  • Clinical Signs and Diagnosis
  • Emergency Management
  • Medical Management
  • Surgical Management
  • Postoperative Management
  • References
  • Chapter 58 Malabsorption Syndromes
  • Causes of Malabsorption Syndrome
  • Clinical Signs
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • References
  • Chapter 59 Colic and Pregnant Mares
  • Colic During Pregnancy
  • Colic After Pregnancy
  • References
  • Chapter 60 Colic from Alternative Systems: "False Colics"
  • Pain Associated with the Female Reproductive Tract
  • Pain Associated with the Male Reproductive Tract
  • Pain Associated with the Urinary Tract
  • Liver Diseases
  • The Pancreas
  • The Spleen
  • Pain Associated with the Respiratory Tract
  • Pain Associated with Cardiovascular Disease
  • Pain Associated with the Musculoskeletal System
  • References
  • Chapter 61 Abdominal Trauma
  • Diagnostic Approach
  • Treatment
  • References
  • Chapter 62 Abdominal Abscesses and Neoplasia
  • Introduction
  • Abdominal Abscessation
  • Abdominal Neoplasia
  • References
  • Index
  • EULA

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