This book asks how modern universities are organized and managed, and questions whether 30 years of university reforms have resulted in stronger managerial structures and leadership control. It further asks whether current organisational and decision-making structures can be explained by public reform policies. The book offers a coherent, empirically grounded and theoretically driven presentation of data and core ideas behind a large scale comparative study of 26 universities across eight European countries. It focuses on the strength of university managerial structures, the role of academics, and how universities relate to and depend on their environment: to governments and other actors; to funders; to evaluators; and to external stakeholders. It further explores how higher education policies are shaped by and affect universities. Written by a cross-disciplinary team of European scholars, this book is unique both in its wide coverage and the depth of its analyses. It will be of great interest to scholars, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in the fields of organisation theory and sociology, policy studies, comparative public policy and administration, and higher education studies. It will also be of interest to higher education policy makers and administrators.
Ivar Bleiklie is Professor in the Department of Administration and Organization Theory at the University of Bergen, Norway.
Jürgen Enders is Professor of Higher Education Management in the School of Management at the University of Bath, UK.
Benedetto Lepori is Professor in the Interdisciplinary Institute of Data Science at the Università della Svizzera Italiana, Switzerland, where he leads the Research Group on Science and Higher Education Studies.
Chapter 1. Setting the Stage: Theory and Research Questions; Ivar Bleiklie, Jürgen Enders and Benedetto Lepori.- Chapter 2. A Sociological Experiment on Methodological Design: Strengths and Limits of a Pragmatist Approach to Research Methods in the TRUE Project; Benedetto Lepori.- Chapter 3. Working in the Shadow of Hierarchy: Organisational Autonomy and Venues of External Influence in European Universities; Harry de Boer and Jürgen Enders.- Chapter 4. Budgeting Practices in European Universities; Marco Seeber and Benedetto Lepori.- Chapter 5. The Transformative Power of Evaluation on University Governance; Emanuela Reale and Giulio Marini.- Chapter 6. University Governance: Organisational Centralisation and Engagement in European Universities; Ivar Bleiklie, Svein Michelsen, Georg Krücken and Nicoline Frølich.- Chapter 7. Understanding Strategy Practices in Universities; Nicoline Frølich, Bjørn Stensaker and Jeroen Huisman.- Chapter 8. Four 'I's Configuring European Higher Education Governance; Amélia Veiga and António Magalhães.- Chapter 9. Politico-Administrative Structures and University Policies; Ivar Bleiklie and Svein Michelsen.- Chapter 10. Actor Constellations and Policy Making; Ivar Bleiklie, Svein Michelsen, Mary Henkel and Emanuela Reale.- Chapter 11. Policy Instruments in European Universities: Implementation of Higher Education Policies; Gigliola Mathisen Nyhagen, Ivar Bleiklie and Kristin Hope.- Chapter 12. Organisational Configurations of Modern Universities, Institutional Logics and Public Policies: Towards an Integrative Framework; Ivar Bleiklie, Jürgen Enders and Benedetto Lepori.