The Synod of Pistoia and Vatican II

Jansenism and the Struggle for Catholic Reform
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 8. Oktober 2019
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978-0-19-094780-4 (ISBN)
In this book, Shaun Blanchard argues that the roots of the Vatican II reforms must be pushed back beyond the widely acknowledged twentieth-century forerunners of the Council, beyond Newman and the Tübingen School in the nineteenth century, to the eighteenth century, when a variety of reform movements attempted ressourcement and aggiornamento. This close study of the Synod of Pistoia (1786) sheds surprising new light on the nature of church reform and the roots of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65). The high-water mark of the late Jansenist reform movement, this Tuscan diocesan synod was harshly condemned by Pope Pius VI in the Bull Auctorem fidei (1794), and in the increasingly ultramontane nineteenth-century Church the late Jansenist movement was totally discredited. Nevertheless, much of the Pistoian agenda--an exaltation of the role of the local bishop, an emphasis on infallibility as a gift to the entire believing community, religious liberty, a more comprehensible liturgy that incorporates the vernacular, and the encouragement of lay Bible reading and Christocentric devotions--would be officially promulgated at Vatican II. Investigating the theological and historical context and nature of the reforms enacted by the Synod of Pistoia, he notes their parallels with the reforms of Vatican II, and argues that these connections are deeper than mere affinity. The tumultuous events surrounding the reception of the Synod explain why these reforms failed at the time. This book also offers a measured theological judgment on whether the Synod of Pistoia was "true or false reform." Although the Pistoians were completely rejected in their own day, the Second Vatican Council struggled with, and ultimately enacted, remarkably similar ideas.
  • Englisch
978-0-19-094780-4 (9780190947804)
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Shaun Blanchard is Assistant Professor of Theology at Franciscan Missionaries of Our Lady University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. His work in early modern and modern Catholic theology and history has appeared in Pro Ecclesia, New Blackfriars, Theological Studies, and US Catholic Historian.
Introduction: How Far Back do the Roots of the Council Go? Chapter I: A Hermeneutic of True Reform: Interpreting Vatican II Chapter II: Ressourcement and Aggiornamento in the Eighteenth Century Chapter III: Radical Reform in Tuscany: Scipione de'Ricci and Late Jansenism Chapter IV: The Synod of Pistoia: Radical Forerunner of Vatican II Chapter V: The Spirit of Pistoia: The Reception and Failure of a Bold Reformist Vision Chapter VI: The Ghost of Pistoia: The Legacy of Auctorem Fidei at Vatican II Conclusion: The Memory of Pistoia and the Hermeneutic of True Reform Bibliography Sources on Scipione de'Ricci, the Synod of Pistoia, and Italian Jansenism Other Early Modern Sources Other Contemporary Sources

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