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Forging Nations

Currency, Power, and Nationality in Britain and Ireland since 1603
David Blaazer(Autor*in)
Oxford University Press
Erschienen am 6. Juni 2023
336 Seiten
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978-0-19-288703-0 (ISBN)
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In Forging Nations, Blaazer studies the relationships between money, power, and nationality in England, Scotland, and Ireland from the first attempts to unify their currencies following the Union of the Crowns in 1603 to the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis. Through successive crises spanning four centuries, Forging Nations examines critical struggles over monetary power between the state and its creditors, and within and between nations during the long, multifaceted process of creating the United Kingdom as a monetary as well as a political union. It shows how and why centuries of monetary dysfunction and conflict eventually gave way to the era of the sterling gold standard, when elite and popular beliefs about money converged around a set of almost unassailable monetary dogmas that transcended differences of nationality, party, and class. Sustained by a mixture of historical myths and imperial hubris, this consensus effortlessly reinforced the authority and served the interests of the monetary elite, even after its economic foundations had collapsed under the pressure of war and international competition. The book concludes by showing how the end of the UK's global hegemony and the prospect of Scottish independence have resuscitated historical differences between England, Ireland, and Scotland in attitudes to currency's role in defining national identity, while the Global Financial Crisis has revived forgotten debates over the nature of money and monetary power.
978-0-19-288703-0 (9780192887030)
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David Blaazer has researched and taught mainly British and Irish history at La Trobe University, the Australian National University, and the University of New South Wales. His early research was on the non-communist left in Britain 1884-1939. Since the late 1990s he has been working on political, social, and cultural aspects of British and Irish monetary history and has published numerous journal articles and presented many papers on a wide variety of topics in that field.
  • Cover
  • Forging Nations: Currency, Power, and Nationality in Britain and Ireland since 1603
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • List of Illustrations
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Note on Dates
  • Introduction
  • What Is Money? Defining the Subject Matter
  • Money and the Nation in Three Kingdoms
  • Money and History
  • Road Map
  • 1: 'I will make them one nation': 1603-1660
  • Money in England, Scotland, and Ireland before the Regal Union
  • Uniting the Nations: Regal, Political and Monetary Unions
  • The Fracturing and Remaking of the Monetary Order
  • 2: The Decline of the Old Monetary Order: 1660-1689
  • 1660: Restoring Difference
  • Crises, Credit, and the Origins of Modern Money
  • Ireland: Managing Monetary Catastrophe
  • Scotland: the Uses and Abuses of Monetary Autonomy
  • The Price of Revolution: the Monetary Consequences of 1689
  • 3: Money and Revolution-the Case of England: 1690-1697
  • Monetary Revolution I: the Case for the Concept
  • Monetary Revolution II: Banks
  • The Coinage Crisis: Judicial Terror and Popular Resistance
  • Monetary Revolution III: Coins
  • 4: Revolution, Union, and Divergence-from Scotland to North Britain: 1689-1772
  • Storms from the South: Scotland's Money and England's Revolution
  • A Failed Revolution? Bank of Scotland and the Company of Scotland
  • Exporting Revolution? The Union of the Coins
  • Converging Diversity: Scottish and British Money after the Union
  • 5: Engines of State, Emblems of Nation, Tokens of Trust: 1695-1796
  • Monetary Standards, New and Non-Existent
  • Struggles over Credit I: the South Sea Bubble
  • Struggles over Credit II: Banking in Ireland 1721-82
  • Ireland: Struggles over Coin
  • Ireland: towards a Sterling Standard
  • Credit and Counterfeits: Managing the Scarcity of Money
  • 6: The Only True, Intelligible Standard: 1793-1822
  • The Suspension of Cash Payments
  • Paper against Gold: the Push for Resumption
  • The People's Money
  • The Price of Gold
  • 7: The Limits of Perfection: 1825-1914
  • Uniformity and Its Discontents: the 1825 Crisis and Its Aftermath
  • Uniformity Bungled: the Assimilation of the Irish Coinage
  • Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: the Unequal Struggle over Gold
  • No Failure Like Success: the Banking Acts of 1844 and 1845
  • The Golden Age
  • 8: Things Fall Apart: 1914-1931
  • The First World War: Remaking the Monetary Order
  • 'Back to Sanity': the Price of Orthodoxy
  • 'A Golden Gallipoli': the Return to Gold and Its Critics
  • Union (Partially) Undone: Creating an Irish Currency
  • 1931: Power, Patriotism, and the Discourse of Catastrophe
  • Epilogue: The Burdens and Uses of the Past
  • Memory, History, and the 'Decline' of Sterling
  • Money, Sovereignty, and Identity in Ireland and the UK
  • History and Forgetting in the Scottish Currency Debate
  • Final Thoughts: the Global Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath
  • Select Bibliography
  • 1. Contemporary Sources
  • 2. Secondary Sources
  • Index

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