This book is the first of its kind to tackle in detail the nutritional requirements of the industrialized, so-called developed world. It discusses the link between socio-economic status and food security, focusing especially on the relationship between income and food security in different age groups. The authors calculate the actual levels of essential micronutrients delivered by current dietary patterns, identifying important shortfalls in the provision of key micronutrients, and elucidate the public health consequences of nutrition insecurity. Finally, the authors discuss future approaches for ensuring nutrition security on the basis of three pillars: access, availability and nutritional value. The approaches advocated in this ground-breaking publication will allow all people, irrespective of age and social status, to have access to a safe and nutritious diet. Key stakeholders such as legislators, government, academia and industry, as well as consumers themselves, all have important roles to play in making this a reality.
H. K. Biesalski is head of the department of biochemistry and nutrition and managing director of the Food Security Center at the University of Hohenheim, Germany. He is a member of numerous advisory and expert groups for the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition. Adam Drewnowski is a world-renowned leader in the prevention and treatment of obesity. He is Professor of Epidemiology and the Director of the Center for Public Health Nutrition at the School of Public Health. He is also the Director of the University of Washington Center for Obesity Research, which addresses the environmental, social and economic aspects of the obesity epidemic. Adam Drewnowski is Adjunct Professor of Medicine and is a Joint Member of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.
Introduction.- Global sociodemographic change and nutrition transition.- Nutrition- and Food Security .- Definition and challenges.- Assessment and measurement of nutrition security.- Healthy nutrition - adequacy of essential micronutrients (EMN).- Impact of climate change on nutrition security.- Impact of Socio-Economic-Status on Food Security.- Poverty - impact on nutrition security.- Socio-Economic-Status - impact on nutrition and consequences for nutrition security .- Education: Impact of SES and role of adequate nutrition.- Lifestyle.- Consequences of Nutrition Insecurity.- Adequacy and inadequacy of micronutrient supply.- Critical vitamins/minerals and impact on health in different age related settings.- Life expectancy, SES and nutrition insecurity.- Impact on public health and health care costs.- Solutions and future challenges.- Stakeholders (governments, legislators, industry, science, consumer).- Food chain - processes.- Challenges.- Outlook and call to action.