Lightweight Ballistic Composites

Military and Law-Enforcement Applications
 
 
Woodhead Publishing
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 19. April 2016
  • |
  • 482 Seiten
 
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978-0-08-100425-8 (ISBN)
 

Lightweight Ballistic Composites: Military and Law-Enforcement Applications, Second Edition, is a fully revised and updated version of this informative book that explores the many changes in composite materials technology that have occurred since the book's first release in 2008, especially the type of commercial products used by armed forces around the world.

Some changes can be attributed to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, whereas others are due to massive investment by private companies to neutralize the ever-increasing global threats and fulfill the military's appetite for lighter materials. Soldiers are now better protected against new ballistic threats and the overall weight of body protection has been reduced, while comfort has increased.

New military vehicles are no longer purely armored with steel, and are instead lined with lightweight ballistic materials that increase the distance military vehicles can travel without refueling and also improve maneuverability. The book considers all aspects of lightweight ballistic composites from fiber manufacturing to commercial products and testing.

Chapters also cover the many uses of lightweight ballistic composites in the military and law-enforcement industries. It will be an invaluable reference for ballistic composite design engineers, product development engineers, and all those involved in promoting new products for both defense and the law-enforcement industry.


  • Gives comprehensive coverage on all aspects of lightweight ballistic composites, from fiber manufacturing, to commercial products and testing
  • Discusses the wider applications of lightweight ballistic composites in military and law-enforcement industries
  • Edited by a highly respected industry expert with over thirty years' experience developing lightweight composite ballistic materials and products
  • Englisch
  • London
Elsevier Science
  • 13,31 MB
978-0-08-100425-8 (9780081004258)
0081004257 (0081004257)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Related titles
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering
  • Preface
  • 1. High-performance ballistic fibers and tapes
  • 1.1. Introduction to high-performance fibers and tapes
  • 1.2. High-performance ballistic fibers and tapes
  • 1.3. UHMWPE fibers (Prevorsek, 1996)
  • 1.4. Aramid fibers
  • 1.5. UHMWPE tape/ribbon
  • 1.6. Ballistic fiberglass
  • 1.7. High-modulus polypropylene fiber (Elizabeth Cates, 2015)
  • 1.8. Recycling of ballistic fibers and converted products
  • 2. High performance fabrics and 3D materials
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Fiber types
  • 2.3. Composite fiber architectures
  • 2.4. Failure mechanisms
  • 2.5. Conclusions
  • Useful sources of further information
  • 3. Nonwoven and crossplied ballistic materials
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Protective materials, devices, and end-use requirements
  • 3.3. Fiber selection criteria for ballistic-resistant materials
  • 3.4. Variations of fiber forms
  • 3.5. Filament layup composites
  • 3.6. Historical uses of nonwoven ballistic-resistant fabrics
  • 3.7. Methodologies for use of nonwoven ballistic-resistant fabrics
  • 3.8. Future directions for nonwoven fabric applications
  • 4. Ballistic threats: Bullets and fragments
  • 4.1. What is the threat?
  • 4.2. Small arms ammunition
  • 4.3. Fragments
  • 4.4. Projectile and target interaction
  • 4.5. Summary
  • 5. International ballistic and blast specifications and standards
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Why are there armor test methods and/or standards?
  • 5.3. General definitions used in test methods and standards
  • 5.4. Threat regimes for personal armor test methods and standards
  • 5.5. Threat regimes for vehicle armor test methods and standards
  • 5.6. Personal armor user communities
  • 5.7. Personal armor law enforcement test methods and standards
  • 5.8. Personal armor military test methods and standards
  • 5.9. Personal armor general purpose test methods and standards
  • 5.10. Vehicle armor user communities
  • 5.11. Vehicle armor civilian test methods and standards
  • 5.12. Vehicle armor military test methods and standards
  • 5.13. General ballistic material test methods and standards
  • 5.14. Approach to use when there are no suitable standards or methods
  • 5.15. Issues with contents of some standards
  • 5.16. The possible future of armor test methods and standards
  • 5.17. Summary
  • Glossary
  • 6. Lightweight composite materials processing
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Ballistic fibers
  • 6.3. Quality control of ballistic materials
  • 6.4. Various international ballistic specifications/standards
  • 6.5. Processing of ballistic materials
  • 6.6. Evaluation of molded articles
  • 6.7. Transportation and storage of ballistic material
  • 6.8. Durability of the products in field
  • 6.9. Recycling and disposal of prepregs
  • 6.10. Ballistic helmets
  • 6.11. Handheld riot shields
  • 7. Personal armor
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Body armor
  • 7.3. Helmets
  • 7.4. Face and eye protection
  • 7.5. Neck protection
  • 7.6. Pelvic protection
  • 7.7. UK Virtus body armor system
  • 7.8. Future developments
  • Useful sources of further information
  • 8. Durability of high-performance ballistic composites
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Ballistic materials
  • 8.3. Durability of ballistic fibers and materials-test protocols
  • 8.4. Tests for assessing durability of converted products-test protocols
  • 8.5. Role of specification on durability
  • 8.6. Effects of processing on durability
  • 8.7. Other ballistic products
  • 8.8. Effects of secondary manufacturing processes: machining, trimming, and finishing
  • 8.9. Perception of ballistic threats on durability
  • 8.10. Effects of transportation and storage of ballistic materials on durability
  • 9. Vehicle armor
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Vehicle armor
  • 9.3. Ballistic materials
  • 9.4. Processing composite armor panels
  • 9.5. Threats and ballistic test standards
  • 9.6. Armor design process
  • 9.7. Summary
  • 10. Testing of armor systems
  • 10.1. Types of armor
  • 10.2. Types of tests
  • 10.3. Velocity measurements
  • 10.4. Penetration testing
  • 10.5. Helmet system performance evaluations
  • 10.6. Environmental and usage considerations
  • 10.7. Soft armor panels
  • 11. Numerical analysis of ballistic composite materials
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Major ballistic materials
  • 11.3. Finite element analysis as a design tool
  • 11.4. Finite element modeling of ballistic packages
  • 11.5. Concluding remarks
  • 12. Design, manufacture, and analysis of ceramic-composite armor
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Ceramics as an armor material
  • 12.3. Manufacture of ceramics
  • 12.4. Finite element analysis of a ceramics-based ballistic package
  • 12.5. Concluding remarks
  • 13. Ceramic-faced molded armor
  • 13.1. Introduction to ceramic-faced lightweight armor
  • 13.2. Types of ceramics
  • 13.3. Shapes of ceramics
  • 13.4. Composite backings
  • 13.5. Fabrication of ceramic-faced armor
  • 13.6. Testing of ceramic-faced armor
  • 14. Materials, manufacturing, and enablers for future soldier protection
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. New directions in head protection
  • 14.3. New material developments in torso and related body armor
  • 14.4. Novel exoskeleton development
  • 14.5. The disruptive potential of robotically deployed materials to enhance soldier protection
  • 14.6. Summary
  • Index

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