Bats and Human Health

Ebola, SARS, Rabies and Beyond
 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 11. Oktober 2017
  • |
  • 416 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-119-15005-3 (ISBN)
 
An important resource that reviews the various infectious diseases that affect bats and bat populations
Bats and Human Health: Ebola, SARS, Rabies and Beyond covers existing literature on viral, bacterial, protozoan, and fungal infections of bats and how these infections affect bat populations. The book also offers an overview of the potential for zoonotic transmission of infectious diseases from bats to humans or domestic animals. While most prior publications on the subject have dealt only with bat viral infections, this text closely covers a wide range of bat infections, from viral and bacterial infections to protist and fungal infections.
Chapters on viral infections cover rabies, filoviruses, henipaviruses, and other RNA viruses, as well as information on bat virome studies. The book then provides information on bacterial infections-including arthropod-borne and other bacteria that affect bats-before moving on to protist infections, including apicomplexans and kinetoplastids, and fungal infections, including white-nose syndrome, histoplasma capsulatum, and other fungi. Comprehensive in scope, yet another key feature of this book is a searchable database that includes bat species, bat family, bat diet, bat location, type and classification of infecting microbes, and categories of microbes. This vital resource also:
* Provides a history and comprehensive overview of bat-borne diseases
* Incorporates information from the World Health Organization, as well as historical data from the National Libraries of Health and infectious disease journals
* Covers a variety of diseases including viral infections, bacterial infections, protist infections, and fungal infections
Written for microbiologist, bat researchers, and conservationists, Bats and Human Health provides a comprehensive exploration of the various types of microbes that affect bats and their potential to affect human populations.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Somerset
  • |
  • USA
John Wiley & Sons
  • 0,70 MB
978-1-119-15005-3 (9781119150053)
1119150051 (1119150051)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
About the Author
Lisa A. Beltz is an Associate Professor of Natural Sciences at Malone University in Canton, Ohio, USA.
  • "TITLE PAGE"
  • "COPYRIGHT PAGE"
  • "CONTENTS"
  • "FOREWORD"
  • "A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TOÂ UNIQUE FEATURES OFÂ BATS INÂ RELATION TOÂ INFECTIOUS DISEASES"
  • "ABOUT THE COMPANION WEBSITE"
  • "PART I INTRODUCTION"
  • "CHAPTER 1 BAT IMMUNOLOGY "
  • "1.1 INTRODUCTION TOÂ THEÂ IMMUNE SYSTEM OFÂ BATS"
  • "1.1.1 White blood cell count and other serological parameters"
  • "1.1.2 Innate versus adaptive immunity"
  • "1.1.3 MicroRNA"
  • "1.2 VIRAL PATTERN-RECOGNITION RECEPTORS AND THE BAT IMMUNE RESPONSE TO MICROBES "
  • "1.3 INTRODUCTION TOÂ THEÂ INTERFERONS"
  • "1.3.1 Regulation of interferon production"
  • "1.3.2 The JAK-STAT pathway and interferonâ??stimulated genes "
  • "1.3.3 Type IÂ interferons"
  • "1.3.4 Type II interferon"
  • "1.3.5 Type III interferons"
  • "1.3.6 Viral avoidance of the host IFN response"
  • "1.4 ANTIBODIES ANDÂ B LYMPHOCYTES"
  • "1.5 MACROPHAGES, DENDRITIC CELLS, ANDÂ PROINFLAMMATORYÂ CYTOKINES"
  • "1.6 T LYMPHOCYTES"
  • "1.7 OTHER PARAMETERS OFÂ THEÂ IMMUNE RESPONSE"
  • "1.8 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "PART II VIRAL INFECTIONS OF BATS "
  • "CHAPTER 2 RABIES VIRUS AND OTHER BAT RHABDOVIRUSES "
  • "2.1 INTRODUCTION TOÂ THEÂ FAMILY RHABDOVIRIDAE"
  • "2.2 LYSSAVIRUSES"
  • "2.2.1 Rabies virus"
  • "2.2.2 Other lyssaviruses of bats"
  • "2.2.3 Lyssavirus transmission"
  • "2.2.4 Lyssavirus sites of infection"
  • "2.2.5 Lyssavirus entry into cells"
  • "2.2.6 Prevention of lyssavirus infection"
  • "2.2.7 Immune response to lyssaviruses"
  • "2.2.8 Lyssavirus surveillance"
  • "2.3 OTHER RHABDOVIRUSES"
  • "2.3.1 The Kern Canyon serogroup of genus Vesiculovirus"
  • "2.3.2 Kumasi rhabdovirus"
  • "2.3.3 Unclassified rhabdoviruses"
  • "2.4 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 3 HENIPAVIRUSES AND OTHER PARAMYXOVIRUSES OF BATS "
  • "3.1 INTRODUCTION TOÂ PARAMYXOVIRIDAE"
  • "3.2 DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH PARAMYXOVIRIDAE"
  • "3.2.1 Henipaviruses and disease"
  • "3.2.2 Morbilliviruses and disease"
  • "3.2.3 Rubulaviruses and disease"
  • "3.3 HENIPAVIRUSES INÂ BATS"
  • "3.3.1 Henipaviruses in bats from Oceania and Southeast Asia"
  • "3.3.2 Henipaviruses and bats from Africa"
  • "3.3.3 Henipaviruses in bats from Madagascar"
  • "3.3.4 Henipavirus proteins and infection of bats"
  • "3.4 HENDRA VIRUS"
  • "3.4.1 Hendra virus in Australian bats, horses, and humans"
  • "3.4.2 Factors affecting levels of Hendra viruses in bats and the potential for zoonotic transmission"
  • "3.5 NIPAH VIRUS"
  • "3.5.1 Nipah virus in humans and pigs"
  • "3.5.2 Nipah virus in bats from Malaysia and Indonesia"
  • "3.5.3 Nipah virus in bats from India and Bangladesh"
  • "3.5.4 Interspecies Nipah virus transmission via date palm sap and bat urine"
  • "3.6 CEDAR VIRUS"
  • "3.7 PROTECTIVE BAT RESPONSES TOÂ HENIPAVIRUS INFECTION"
  • "3.7.1 The interferon/STAT pathway and henipaviruses"
  • "3.7.2 Antibodies and henipaviruses"
  • "3.7.3 Apoptosis"
  • "3.8 METHODS OFÂ PREVENTING HENIPAVIRUS INFECTION"
  • "3.9 RUBULAVIRUSES"
  • "3.9.1 Bat parainfluenza virus"
  • "3.9.2 Menangle virus in bats and domestic animals"
  • "3.9.3 Tioman virus in bats and humans"
  • "3.9.4 Tuhoko viruses in bats"
  • "3.9.5 Achimota viruses in bats"
  • "3.9.6 Sosuga virus in bats and humans"
  • "3.9.7 Jeilongvirus in bats"
  • "3.9.8 Mumps-like bat virus "
  • "3.9.9 Mapuera virus in bats"
  • "3.10 MORBILLIVIRUSES INÂ BATS"
  • "3.11 BELINGA BAT VIRUS"
  • "3.12 LARGE, MULTIVIRAL STUDIES OFÂ PARAMYXOVIRUSES INÂ BATS"
  • "3.12.1 Multiviral paramyxoviruses studies in Asia"
  • "3.12.2 Multiviral paramyxoviruses studies in Africa"
  • "3.12.3 Multiviral paramyxoviruses studies in Madagascar and islands of the Southwest Indian Ocean"
  • "3.12.4 Multiviral paramyxoviruses studies in Oceania"
  • "3.13 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 4 FILOVIRUSES AND BATS "
  • "4.1 FILOVIRUSES"
  • "4.1.1 History of filovirus infection"
  • "4.1.2 Filovirus disease"
  • "4.1.3 The roles of viral proteins"
  • "4.2 MARBURG VIRUS"
  • "4.2.1 Marburg virus in humans and bats"
  • "4.2.2 Experimental infection of bats with Marburg virus"
  • "4.3 EBOLA VIRUS"
  • "4.3.1 Ebola virus in humans and bats"
  • "4.3.2 Ebola virus and bats prior to the 2014 outbreak"
  • "4.3.3 EBOV incidence in bats during and after the 2014 outbreak"
  • "4.4 LLOVIU ANDÂ RELATED FILOVIRUSES INÂ BATS"
  • "4.5 SEASONALITY OFÂ FILOVIRUS INFECTION INÂ BATS"
  • "4.6 FACTORS AFFECTING ZOONOTIC INFECTION BY FILOVIRUSES"
  • "4.7 FILOVIRUSES INÂ ANIMALS OTHER THAN BATS"
  • "4.8 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 5 BATS AND CORONAVIRUSES "
  • "5.1 INTRODUCTION"
  • "5.2 SARS CORONAVIRUS"
  • "5.2.1 The history of SARS"
  • "5.2.2 SARS pathology"
  • "5.2.3 Viral and cellular proteins and their role in entry into the host cells"
  • "5.2.4 SARS in civits and raccoon dogs"
  • "5.2.5 Relatedness of bat SARS-like CoV to SARS-CoV "
  • "5.3 MERS CORONAVIRUS"
  • "5.3.1 MERS pathology"
  • "5.3.2 Viral and cellular proteins and their role in entry into the host cells"
  • "5.3.3 MERS-CoV and spillover from domestic livestock "
  • "5.3.4 Relatedness of bat-CoV to MERS-CoV "
  • "5.3.5 Transmission of MERS-CoV "
  • "5.4 OTHER CORONAVIRUSES OFÂ BATS"
  • "5.5 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 6 OTHER RNA VIRUSES AND BATS "
  • "6.1 INTRODUCTION"
  • "6.2 BALTIMORE CLASS III VIRUSES ANDÂ BATS"
  • "6.2.1 Orbiviruses"
  • "6.2.2 Rotaviruses"
  • "6.2.3 Pteropine orthomyxovirus group"
  • "6.2.4 Mammalian orthoreoviruses"
  • "6.3 BALTIMORE CLASS IV VIRUSES"
  • "6.3.1 Astroviruses"
  • "6.3.2 Flaviviruses"
  • "6.3.3 Hepeviruses"
  • "6.3.4 Picornaviruses"
  • "6.4 BALTIMORE CLASS V VIRUSES"
  • "6.4.1 Bunyaviridae"
  • "6.4.2 Orthomyxoviruses"
  • "6.4.3 Arenaviridae"
  • "6.5 LARGE, MULTIâ??VIRUS STUDIES"
  • "6.6 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 7 BALTIMORE CLASS I AND CLASS II DNA VIRUSES OF BATS "
  • "7.1 INTRODUCTION TO DOUBLE- AND SINGLE- STRANDED DNA VIRUSES "
  • "7.2 BALTIMORE CLASS IÂ VIRUSES"
  • "7.2.1 Poxviruses"
  • "7.2.2 Adenoviruses"
  • "7.2.3 Herpesviruses"
  • "7.2.4 Papillomaviruses"
  • "7.2.5 Polyomaviruses"
  • "7.3 BALTIMORE CLASS II VIRUSES"
  • "7.3.1 Parvoviruses"
  • "7.3.2 Dependoviruses"
  • "7.3.3 Circular replication-associated protein encoding single-stranded DNA viruses "
  • "7.4 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 8 REVERSE-TRANSCRIBING BAT VIRUSES AND LARGE-SCALE BAT VIROME STUDIES "
  • "8.1 BALTIMORE CLASS VI RETROVIRUSES"
  • "8.1.1 Exogenous and endogenous retroviruses and their lifeâ??cycles"
  • "8.1.2 Viral polyproteins"
  • "8.1.3 Retroviral genera"
  • "8.1.4 Endogenous gammaretroviruses of bats and other mammals"
  • "8.1.5 Betaretroviruses of bats and other mammals"
  • "8.2 EVIDENCE OFÂ ANCIENT ENDOGENOUS VIRUs GENOMIC ELEMENTS INÂ BAT CHROMOSOMES"
  • "8.2.1 Endogenous bornavirus genomic elements in bat chromosomes"
  • "8.2.2 Endogenous Ebola and Marburg virus genomic elements in bat chromosomes"
  • "8.3 HEPADNAVIRUSES â?? BALTIMORE CLASS VII REVERSE-TRANSCRIBING DNA VIRUSES "
  • "8.3.1 Human hepatitis B virus"
  • "8.3.2 Orthohepadnaviruses and bats"
  • "8.4 LARGE-SCALE BAT VIROME STUDIES "
  • "8.4.1 Bat virome studies in North America"
  • "8.4.2 Bat virome studies in Europe"
  • "8.4.3 Bat virome studies in Asia and Southeast Asia"
  • "8.4.4 Bat virome studies in Oceania"
  • "8.5 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "PART III BACTERIAL INFECTIONS OF BATS "
  • "CHAPTER 9 ARTHROPOD-BORNE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS OF BATS "
  • "9.1 INTRODUCTION"
  • "9.2 BARTONELLA"
  • "9.2.1 Bartonella in bats from Asia"
  • "9.2.2 Bartonella in bats from Africa"
  • "9.2.3 Bartonella in bats from Europe"
  • "9.2.4 Bartonella in bats from the Americas"
  • "9.3 BORRELIA"
  • "9.4 RICKETTSIA"
  • "9.4.1 Rickettsia and human disease"
  • "9.4.2 Rickesttsia and bats"
  • "9.5 BAT ECTOPARASITES ASÂ BACTERIAL VECTORS"
  • "9.5.1 Bacteria from bat flies"
  • "9.5.2 Bacteria from bat ticks"
  • "9.6 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 10 OTHER BACTERIA AND BATS "
  • "10.1 INTRODUCTION"
  • "10.2 LEPTOSPIRA"
  • "10.2.1 Leptospira in South America"
  • "10.2.2 Leptospira in Africa"
  • "10.2.3 Leptospira in islands of the Indian Ocean"
  • "10.2.4 Leptospira in Australia"
  • "10.3 YERSINIA"
  • "10.4 PASTEURELLA"
  • "10.5 MYCOPLASMA"
  • "10.6 WADDLIA"
  • "10.7 RICKETTSIA ANDÂ SIMILAR BACTERIA"
  • "10.8 BAT GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT BACTERIA"
  • "10.8.1 Gastrointestinal bacteria in bats of Southeast Asia and Oceania"
  • "10.8.2 Gastrointestinal bacteria in bats of Madagascar"
  • "10.8.3 Gastrointestinal bacteria in bats of the Americas"
  • "10.9 LARGEâ??SCALE STUDIES OFÂ OTHER BAT BACTERIA"
  • "10.10 BACTERIAL SPECIES BENEFICIAL TOÂ BATS"
  • "10.11 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "PART IV PROTIST INFECTIONS OF BATS "
  • "CHAPTER 11 APICOMPLEXANS AND BATS "
  • "11.1 INTRODUCTION TOÂ APICOMPLEXA ANDÂ COCCIDEA"
  • "11.2 ORDER HAEMOSPORIDA"
  • "11.2.1 Invertebrate hosts of Haemosporida"
  • "11.2.2 Bat hosts of Haemosporida"
  • "11.3 ORDER PIROPLASMIDA"
  • "11.3.1 Babesia species and bats"
  • "11.3.2 Other Piroplasmida in bats"
  • "11.4 ORDER EIMERIIDA"
  • "11.4.1 Toxoplasma gondii and bats"
  • "11.4.2 Eimeria species and bats"
  • "11.5 ORDER ADELEIDA, CRYTOPORIDIUM SPECIES, ANDÂ BATS"
  • "11.6 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 12 KINETOPLASTIDS AND BATS "
  • "12.1 KINETOPLASTIDS"
  • "12.2 TRYPANOSOMES"
  • "12.2.1 Life cycles of trypanosomes"
  • "12.2.2 Trypanosomes and disease"
  • "12.2.3 Trypanosomes infecting bats throughout the world"
  • "12.2.4 Trypanosoma cruzi"
  • "12.3 LEISHMANIA"
  • "12.3.1 Leishmania and disease"
  • "12.3.2 Leishmania and bats"
  • "12.4 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "PART V FUNGAL INFECTIONS OF BATS "
  • "CHAPTER 13 WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME AND BATS "
  • "13.1 INTRODUCTION TOÂ PSEUDOGYMNOASCUS DESTRUCTANS"
  • "13.2 WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME "
  • "13.2.1 Arousal, loss of fat reserves, and dehydration"
  • "13.2.2 The role of torpor in WNS disease dynamics"
  • "13.2.3 WNS and wing damage"
  • "13.3 THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME "
  • "13.3.1 WNS in North America"
  • "13.3.2 WNS in Europe"
  • "13.3.3 WNS in Eastern Asia"
  • "13.4 THE EFFECTS OFÂ WHITEâ??NOSE SYNDROME ONÂ SELECTED NORTH AMERICAN BAT POPULATIONS "
  • "13.4.1 WNS and Myotis lucifugus"
  • "13.4.2 WNS and Myotis sodalis"
  • "13.5 THE BAT IMMUNE RESPONSE TOÂ WHITEâ??NOSE SYNDROME"
  • "13.5.1 Leukocyte counts"
  • "13.5.2 Antifungal activity in the plasma"
  • "13.5.3 T helper cell activity in infected bats"
  • "13.5.4 Inflammatory activity in infected bats"
  • "13.5.5 Differences in the immune response to WNS in European and North American bats"
  • "13.5.6 Immune-mediated pathology in WNS "
  • "13.6 ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS"
  • "13.6.1 Antifungal compounds"
  • "13.6.2 Antifungal agents derived from bacteria"
  • "13.6.3 Antifungal agents derived from fungi"
  • "13.7 THE MYCOBIOME OF WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME-INFECTED HIBERNACULA "
  • "13.8 RECOVERY ANDÂ RECOLONIZATION"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "CHAPTER 14 HISTOPLASMA CAPSULATUM AND OTHER FUNGI AND BATS "
  • "14.1 FUNGAL SPECIES ANDÂ BATS"
  • "14.1.1 Histoplasma capsulatum"
  • "14.1.2 Blastomyces dermatitidis"
  • "14.1.3 Pneumocystis"
  • "14.1.4 Coccidioides"
  • "14.1.5 Encephalitozoon"
  • "14.1.6 Other fungi of bats"
  • "14.2 BROAD SURVEYS OFÂ FUNGI INÂ BATS"
  • "14.2.1 Asia"
  • "14.2.2 Europe"
  • "14.2.3 The Americas"
  • "14.2.4 Fungi inhabiting bat external surfaces"
  • "14.3 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OFÂ BATS WITHÂ FUNGI"
  • "14.4 IMMUNE RESPONSE TOÂ FUNGI"
  • "14.5 YEAST INÂ BATS"
  • "14.5.1 Candida"
  • "14.5.2 Malassezia"
  • "14.5.3 Yeasts in Japan"
  • "14.6 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "PART VI ZOONOTIC DISEASE TRANSMISSION AND BATS "
  • "CHAPTER 15 ZOONOTIC TRANSMISSION OF DISEASE BY BATS AND OTHER ANIMALS "
  • "15.1 INTRODUCTION"
  • "15.2 ZOONOTIC TRANSMISSION OFÂ INFECTION BY BATS"
  • "15.2.1 Direct or indirect zoonotic transmission by bats to humans"
  • "15.2.2 Transmission and persistence of viruses within and among bat species over large geographical ranges"
  • "15.2.3 Seasonal changes contributing to zoonotic transmission from bats"
  • "15.3 ZOONOTIC TRANSMISSION OFÂ INFECTION BYÂ OTHERÂ ANIMALÂ SPECIES"
  • "15.3.1 Zoonotic transmission by rodents"
  • "15.3.2 Zoonotic transmission by companion animals"
  • "15.3.3 Zoonotic transmission by selected agricultural animals"
  • "15.4 FACTORS THAT INCREASE THEÂ RISK OFÂ ZOONOTIC INFECTIONÂ BY BATS"
  • "15.4.1 Increasing urbanization of bats"
  • "15.4.2 Human activities that increase contact with bats, including the bushmeat trade"
  • "15.5 STRATEGIES TO PREVENT ZOONOTIC TRANSMISSION FROM BATS TO HUMANS OR OTHER ANIMALS "
  • "15.6 CONCLUSIONS"
  • "REFERENCES"
  • "Index"

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