This volume examines migration between Africa and Europe, rather than just from Africa to Europe. Based on a unique socio-demographic survey carried out both in origin and destination countries (MAFE survey), it argues that return migration, circulation, and transnational practices are significant. Policy design must also take these factors into account.
Comparing in a systematic way three flows of African migrants (from Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana and Senegal), this study offers a new view on the patterns, determinants, and family and economic effects of migration. By comparing six European countries (Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK), it shows that the dynamics of migration differ greatly in new vs. old destination countries.
Based on a statistical analysis of life histories, this study provides a dynamic view of migration that will help readers better understand current trends as well as future trajectories. It will appeal to researchers, academics, practitioners, and others interested in taking a deeper look in (im)migration issues.
Dr Cris Beauchemin is researcher at INED and associate professor at the department of demography of the University of Montreal. He holds his PhD from the University Paris 8. Prior to joining INED, he spent 3 years at the University of Montreal (Demography Department). Most of his research is about migration and connections between places of origin and destination. Covering both domestic and international migration, especially in the African context, his works relate to trends of migration, migrants' investments, return migration, transnational families, integration and transnationalism... In the last decade, he was responsible of projects involving large scale surveys: the Migration between Africa and Europe project (MAFE) and the Trajectories and origin survey in France (TeO).
Forward: Douglas S. Massey.- 1: Preface and Introduction: Cris Beauchemin.- 2: Migration between Africa and Europe (MAFE): Advantages and Limitations of a Multi-Site Survey Design: Cris Beauchemin.- 3: African Migration: Diversity and Changes: Bruno Schoumaker et all.- 4: Migration between Africa and Europe: Assessing the role of resources, family and networks. A comparative approach: Amparo González-Ferrer et all.- 5: Understanding Afro-European Economic Integration between Origin and Destination Countries: Eleonora Castagnone.- 6: Migrant Families between Africa and Europe: Comparing Ghanaian, Congolese and Senegalese Migration Flows: Valentina Mazzucato et all.- 7: Congolese Migration In Times Of Political And Economic Crisis: Bruno Schoumaker et all.- 8: Congolese Migrants' Economic Trajectories In Europe And After Return: Bruno Schoumaker et all.- 9: Migration and Family Life between Congo and Europe: Cris Beauchemin et all.- 10: Changing Patterns of Ghanaian Migration: Djamila Schans et all.- 11: Ghanaian migration: economic participation: Richard Black et all.- 12: Transnational families between Ghana, the Netherlands and the UK: Kim Caarls et all.- 13: From Senegal and Back (1975-2008): Trends and Routes of Migrants in Times of Restrictions: Cris Beauchemin et all.- 14: Migrants' economic participation in origin and destination countries: the case of Senegal: Eleonora Castagnone et all.- 15: Senegalese Families Between Here And There: Cris Beauchemin et all.