This book points out a novel pattern in colonial intimacy - that Catholic colonizers tended to leave behind significant mixed communities while Protestant colonizers were more likely to police relations with local women. The varied genetic footprints of Catholic and Protestant colonizers, while subject to some exceptions, holds across world regions and over time. Having demonstrated that this pattern exists, this book then seeks to explain it, looking to religious institutions, political capacity, and ideas of nation and race.
Shane Barter is the Associate Director of the Pacific Basin Research Center and is an Assistant Professor at Soka University of America, USA. He is the author of Civilian Strategy in Civil War: Insights from Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines (Palgrave 2014) as well as numerous articles appearing in Asian Ethnicity, the Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Geographical Review, and other journals. He has worked at Forum-Asia, a Thai human rights NGO, and has served as an election observer for the Carter Center.
1. Introduction 1
Caveats & Definitions
Studying Race, Religion, & Colonialism
2. Exploring the Religious Divide 12
3. Explaining the Religious Divide 54
Identity: Nation & Race
4. Implications 83
"A remarkable insight into Christianity's impact on race relations across the globe. This book extensively reviews the ways in which Catholics and Protestant colonizers left their "mark" on colonized populations. Through an inductive approach, Barter draws upon fieldwork and interdisciplinary methods to unmask a powerful legacy that still persists into the twenty-first century. A fascinating and important read for anyone who wishes to enhance their understanding of political, cultural, religious, and social relations in the post-colonial world." - Michael Jerryson, Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Youngstown State University, USA"Explaining the Genetic Footprints of Catholic and Protestant Colonizers provides a fascinating global history of race and kinship during the colonial era . . . It helps us better understand our Catholic, often Portuguese roots, along with smaller groups of Protestant descendents, providing inspiration for us to rethink out own history." - Burton Westerhout, Chair, Eurasian Society of Singapore, Singapore