Prehistoric Textiles

The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with Special Reference to the Aegean
Princeton University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 9. November 2021
  • |
  • 504 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-691-20141-2 (ISBN)

This pioneering work revises our notions of the origins and early development of textiles in Europe and the Near East. Using innovative linguistic techniques, along with methods from palaeobiology and other fields, it shows that spinning and pattern weaving began far earlier than has been supposed.

Prehistoric Textiles made an unsurpassed leap in the social and cultural understanding of textiles in humankind's early history. Cloth making was an industry that consumed more time and effort, and was more culturally significant to prehistoric cultures, than anyone assumed before the book's publication. The textile industry is in fact older than pottery--and perhaps even older than agriculture and stockbreeding. It probably consumed far more hours of labor per year, in temperate climates, than did pottery and food production put together. And this work was done primarily by women. Up until the Industrial Revolution, and into this century in many peasant societies, women spent every available moment spinning, weaving, and sewing.

The author, Elizabeth Wayland Barber, demonstrates command of an almost unbelievably disparate array of disciplines--from historical linguistics to archaeology and paleobiology, from art history to the practical art of weaving. Her passionate interest in the subject matter leaps out on every page. Barber, a professor of linguistics and archaeology, developed expert sewing and weaving skills as a small girl under her mother's tutelage. One could say she had been born and raised to write this book.

Because modern textiles are almost entirely made by machines, we have difficulty appreciating how time-consuming and important the premodern textile industry was. This book opens our eyes to this crucial area of prehistoric human culture.

  • Englisch
  • Princeton
  • |
  • USA
De Gruyter
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • Reflowable
  • 4 color plates, 217 b&w illustrations, 4 maps
  • |
  • 4 color plates, 217 b&w illustrations, 4 maps
978-0-691-20141-2 (9780691201412)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
E.J.W. Barber is Professor of Linguistics and Archaeology at Occidental College and is a handweaver. Prehistoric Textiles won the Millia Davenport Publication Award of the Costume Society of America.
  • Cover Page
  • Half-title Page
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication Page
  • Contents
  • List of Illustrations and Tables
  • Preface
  • Site Maps
  • Chronology (in Logarithmic Scale) of Main Eras Mentioned, 20,000-400 B.C.
  • Chronology of Later Cultures Mentioned, 3000-400 B.C.
  • Introduction
  • Part I: The Basic Textile Crafts The Data
  • 1. The Domestication of Fibers
  • Flax
  • Hemp
  • Nettle and Other Bast Fibers
  • Wool
  • Other Hair Fibers
  • Silk
  • Cotton
  • Esparto
  • Appendix to Chapter 1: The Archaeolinguistics of Hemp
  • 2. Spinning
  • Twisted Thread
  • Spinning, Drafting, and Splicing
  • The Evidence for Spindles and Whorls
  • Other Accoutrements
  • 3. Looms and Weaving
  • The Ground-Loom
  • The Warp-Weighted Loom
  • The Vertical Two-Beam Loom
  • Band Looms
  • Tablet-Weaving
  • Sprang
  • Conclusions
  • 4. The Textile Weaves: (1) The Beginnings
  • The Earliest Remains
  • Neolithic Europe
  • 5. The Textile Weaves: (2) Egypt
  • Early Techniques
  • The Later (18th Dynasty) Techniques
  • 6. The Textile Weaves: (3) The Bronze Age
  • Mesopotamia
  • The Levant
  • Anatolia, the Caucasus, and the Aegean
  • Italy, France, and Spain
  • Denmark
  • Germany, Holland, and Britain
  • 7. The Textile Weaves: (4) The Iron Age
  • Hallstatt, North, and South
  • Greece, Anatolia, and the Steppes
  • 8. The Textile Weaves: (5) An Overall View
  • 9. Felt and Felting
  • 10. Dyes
  • Survey of the Artifacts
  • Dye Processes
  • Some Dyes
  • Some Colors
  • Mordants
  • Dve-Works
  • Part II: Discussions
  • Introduction to Part II
  • 11. Beginnings Revisited
  • 12. Word Excavation
  • 13. Women's Work
  • 14. The Weight Chase
  • 15. Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Keftiu
  • 16. And Penelope?
  • Appendices
  • A. The Loom Weights: Data Table and Its Bibliography for Chapter 3
  • B. The Hollow Whorls: List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 14
  • C. Aegean Representations of Cloth: List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 15
  • D. Egyptian Tombs with Aegean Data: List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 15
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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